Chapter 15 – Current Information and Developments in IT field

Government Working on New National e-mail Service
The DeitY(Department of Electronics and Information Technology) is working on creating a user friendly Indian email service on the lines of popular email service providers like Gmail and Yahoo.
New National E-Mail Service vice will first be made available to the Central government, then the State government, and then to the citizens for communicating with the government.
Importance is placed on this project to ensure national security by ascertaining that the communication systems and data transfers are effective and not hackable. The service is also expected to be fast because of enhanced bandwith and servers that will be located in India.
It is expected to be ready by November.
This project is a part of PM Modi’s “Digital India” programme.
ICICI Bank Presents ‘Cardless Cash Withdrawal’– Withdraw Cash From ATM Without a Card

ICICI Bank has initiated ‘Cardless Cash Withdrawal’, a facility that permits its customers to transfer money from their account to anybody in India with a mobile number.

The recipient can withdraw money anytime without using a debit card from ATMs of ICICI Bank all over India.

The receiver can do this even without having a bank account of any bank.

The ‘Cardless Cash Withdrawal’ service can be started by any ICICI Bank savings account customer (sender) :

ICICI Bank savings account customer (sender) logs into the Internet banking.
Register the recipient’s name, mobile number and address.
The sender receives a 4-digit verification code.
The recipient receives a 6-digit reference code, over SMS on his mobile.
The recipient can now go and withdraw cash from any ICICI Bank ATM by entering the mobile number, cash amount along with the verification and reference code, within 2 days of the transaction.
This service can also be used by the ICICI Bank’s account holders to withdraw cash from their own accounts without using a debit card.
Dot Bharat Domain Launched By Govt.

Union Government launched a new domain Dot Bharat in Devanagari script. Originally the domain will cover 8 languages like Hindi, Bodo, Dogri, Konkani, Maithili, Marathi, Nepali and Sindhi.

These 8 languages are from the list of 22 languages that has been contained in the Schedule-8 of the Constitution of India.


To connect individuals with social media and deliver content in regional languages, particularly to those who are not acquainted with English.

To deliver information to persons in their own regional languages which will help in advancement of e-governance.

The domain was developed by the joint efforts of National Internet Exchange of India and CDAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing). Dot Bharat (भारत) would substitute the normally used top domains like .com, .in, .net, etc.

‘Digital Cloud’ For Every Indian

PM Narendra Modi’s next giant drive to free up service delivery from the hold of the lower bureaucracy will be in the form of a ‘digital cloud’ for every Indian.

Now, Certificates issued by the Govt.: Education, residential, medical records, birth certificates, etc. will be saved in separate ‘digital lockers’ and a communication protocol will be established for Govt Departments to access them without actually having to see the hard copy.

The idea is very clear, it is not desired that copies of certificates issued by the government itself to be carried everywhere by people to government offices for several services, e.g. if a student is applying for a government college and has studied in a government-aided school, his birth certificate, identity details and educational certificates, school-leaving details, et al should be available to Govt. institutes where he is applying. Likewise his medical records, etc.

Ministry of Railways Launches New Improved E-ticketing System

Now booking rail tickets through the IRCTC website will be faster and smoother than before with the new e-ticketing system developed by Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS). IRCTC has developed and introduced following e-systems:-

  1. New e-Ticketing system : This would enable booking of 7200 tickets per minute against 2000 tickets through the current system. The new system will enable passengers to easily get information relating to arrivals and departure timings of trains and other information on their mobile phones as CRIS has launched mobile app and desktop app for Windows 8 platform. The app is available free of cost for window 8 phones and the railways is expected launch for android very soon.
  2. Spot our Train : The ‘spot your train’ which provides information such as current position, expected time of arrival and departure at a particular station is the most striking feature of this app. Other key features are ‘train schedule’, ‘train between stations’, ‘information on cancelled, rescheduled and diverted trains ’and ‘live station’.
  3. ‘Live Station’ query : Passengers would get the list of trains expected to arrive at or depart from any station in next 2 or 4 hours through ‘Live Station’ query.
  4. Go-India smart card : Railways also started an array of IT-enabled initiatives for rail users including Go-India smart card. The card would cut down the transaction time at booking counters as there will not be cash dealing during issuance of tickets.
  5. Online Systems e-Demand and e-Diversion : The railways has also introduced online system like e-Demand and e-Diversion for freight service for online booking of wagons and making payment without going to counters.
Reserve Bank Issue Draft Guidelines For ‘Anytime Anywhere’ Bharat Bill Payment System

With a view to introduce an ‘anytime anywhere payment system’, the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) issued draft guidelines for the implementation of Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS). The draft mentions the requirements and the basic framework of operating the BBPS, and stipulates the eligibility criteria, standards for settlement model and customer grievance redressal, roles and responsibilities and scope for entities seeking to be part of BBPS. RBI’s plan to implement an ‘anytime anywhere’ centralized payment system is based on a report submitted by the GIRO (Government Internal Revenue Order) Advisory Group. GIRO Advisory Group (GAG) was constituted by the RBI in October 2014, under the chairmanship of Prof. Umesh Bellur, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay to implement a national GIRO-based Indian Bill Payment System. The panel had recommended a mechanism for centralized bills payment system in India, mainly by laying out 2 organizations:

  1. Bharat Bill Payment Services (BBPS)
  2. Bharat Bill Payment Operating Units (BBPOUs)
India Set To Build Super Computer Grid

Determined to raise India’s ranking in the world of high-performance computers, the government is set to clear a ₹ 4,500-crore ($730 million) mission to build super computers nearly 40 times quicker than our fastest one.

The mission intends to set up 73 super computing facilities on a buy-and-build approach at academic and research institutions across the country and network them into a grid. Three of them — the first ones to be set up over the first three years — would be India’s first supercomputers capable of peta-scale computing and would join a global league of just 37 such machines.

The seven-year plan has been divided into two phases — the first three years for construction of the machines and the next four for the applications that will use this grid. The supercomputers will occupy a space of over 20,000 square feet, or the size of 10 three-bedroom apartments.

At present, India has two super computing machines in the world’s top 100, and nine in the top 500.

Its fastest super computer at the Pune-based Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology is ranked 52.

A little less than half of all supercomputers in the top 500 — 233 — are in the US. But the world’s fastest, Tianhe-2 (Milky Way-2), belongs to China’s National University of Defense Technology. A late entrant, China has 75 other supercomputers on the list — nearly as many as Japan (30), France (27) and Germany (23) put together.