Exercise – 3 : English Grammar


Directions (Question 1 – 58) : Which of the phrases (a), (b), (c) or (d)given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentence to make the sentence meaningful and grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and no correction is required mark (e) as the answer
Question 1. The police break-up the trunk and found the looted jewellery.
(a) broke opened
(b) broke open
(c) break opened
(d) breakingly opened
(e) No correction required

Question 2. The advertisement offered a reward for information relating to the activities of the terrorists.

(a) relative to the
(b) as related to the
(c) which relate to
(d) regarding to the
(e) No correction required

Question 3. He travelled by bus but would have travelled by train to save time.

(a) must have travelled
(b) should be travelling
(c) could be travelling
(d) should have travelled
(e) No correction required

Question 4. He claims that his proposal is preferable than that of any other employee.

(a) preferable than for
(b) preferable for than
(c) preferably more than that of
(d) preferable to that of
(e) No correction required

Question 5. The social worker has championed the cause from the weak and oppressed for the last four decades.

(a) has been championing the cause of
(b) had championed the cause for
(c) has been championing the cause for
(d) had been championed the cause for
(e) No correction required

Question 6. Initially the hijackers seemed determined not to submit but ultimately they were given in.

(a) were given up
(b) gave in
(c) had been given up
(d) had been given in
(e) No correction required

Question 7. Every one of us must have experienced how people have to put up with a good deal of discomfort while travelling.

(a)have to be put with a good deal of
(b)have been putting up a good deal with
(c)have to put up a good deal with
(d)are putting up with a good deal with
(e)No correction required

Question 8. Disputes are mainly maintained by those who are nothing else to do.

(a) have nothing else to do
(b) are nothing to do else where
(c) had nothing to be done
(d) do not have nothing else to do
(e) No correction required

Question 9. The judge noticed that the two statements made by the accused were not consistent from each other.

(a) were not being in consistence for
(b) were being inconsistent at
(c) had not been consistent for
(d) were not consistent with
(e) No correction required

Question 10. The economic reforms initiated in 1991 have borne fruit.

(a) has born fruit
(b) have burnt fruit
(c) have been borne fruits
(d) have been bearing the fruits
(e) No correction required

Question 11. Our business firms were full aware of the problems they were going to face on the threshold of the year 2000.

(a) have been full aware of
(b) were fully aware of
(c) had been fully aware at
(d) were fully aware into
(e) No correction required

Question 12. The habit of smoking has been grow upon the youngsters.

(a) is growing up
(b) has been grown up
(c) has been growing upon
(d) has grown up
(e) No correction required

Question 13. To succeed in a difficult task, persistent is needed.

(a) persistent is what one needs
(b) persistence should have needed
(c) one needs to be persisted
(d) persistence is needed
(e) No correction required

Question 14. Despite being tried his best to persuade people to give up smoking, he could not attain success.

(a) Despite his best trying
(b) Despite of his best
(c) In spite of being tried his best
(d) Despite trying his best
(e) No correction required
Ans.(d)
He is the agent of the verb try; hence the active voice.

Question 15. His suggestions were so trivial and hence nobody took any cognizance of them

(a) so trivial that and have
(b) very trivial and hence so
(c) too trivial to and hence
(d) very trivial and hence
(e) No correction required
Ans.(d)
Another correct alternative could have been so trivial that.
Question 16. But for your time of helping, we could not have accomplished our goal in such a small time span.
(a) But for your timely help
(b) Because of your timely helping
(c) Despite your time of helping
(d) But your time for helping
(e) No correction required
Ans.(a)
But for means ‘without’.

17. He failed in his attempt to disperse the mob before the miscreants sets the fire on the bus.

(a) set the bus on fire
(b) setting fire on the bus
(c) set fire to the bus
(d) set the fire on to the bus
(e) No correction required

Question 18. Even on most critical moments, he is calm, but today he appears very much disturbed.
(a) appeared very much disturb

(b) appears very much to disturb
(c) appeared to be very much disturbing
(d) is appearing very much disturbing
(e) No correction required

Question 19. Their attempt of rioting was foiled because of the police squad arrived on time.

(a) of the police squad being arrived
(b) of the arrival of the police squad
(c) the police squad arrival
(d) of the police squad had arrived
(e) No correction required
Ans.(b)
Because of should be followed by a noun.

Question 20. How can one mobilise support from colleagues without being cordially to them?

(a) being cordially for
(b) been cordially to
(c) being cordial to
(d) cordially being to
(e) correction required
Ans.(c)
Adverb cordially should be replaced by adjective cordial because it refers to pronoun one.

Question 21. For every citizen it is madatory to help the civic administration for keep up the city clean.

(a) for upkeep clean the city
(b) for clean and keep the city
(c) for keeping of the city cleanliness
(d) to keep the city clean
(e) No correction required
Ans.(d)
“Help + object” is followed by the infinitive.

Question 22. Anyone who known to India’s villages knows the meaning of scarcity.

(a) knowing India’s villages knows
(b) is known to India’s villages knows
(c) knows India’s villages knows
(d) knew India’s villages knowing
(e) No correction required

Question 23. In our country women have opportunities to rise to the top in every walk of life.

(a) have been having opportunities
(b) have had opportunities for a raise
(c) have opportunities to raise
(d) having opportunities to rise
(e) No correction required

Question 24. If Indian people are united, this nation can become a source of strength for the entire world.

(a) could become a resource of
(b) can become resourceful for
(c) would be a source in
(d) can became a source with
(e) No correction required

Question 25. All their efforts were direct to promote harmony among various groups of people.

(a) were directing to
(b) were directed at
(c) have directed for
(d) were directed to
(e) No correction required

Question 26. What did happen there in the first place is not a matter of our concern.

(a) What happens
(b) What would have happened
(c) What happened
(d) What should have happened
(e) No correction required

Question 27. The speaker high lighted the contribution of women for bringing about social changes.

(a) for bringing in
(b) in bringing of
(c) for the brought over
(d) in bringing about
(e) No correction required

Question 28. Such inequalities can be founded enshrined in the constitutions of other countries also.

(a) could have been founded
(b) can be found
(c) could be founded
(d) could have found
(e) No correction required

Question 29. The local authorities were never bothering to care about the unfortunate happenings.

(a) were never bothered to
(b) never bothered to
(c) never were bothering to
(d) were never bothering to
(e) No correction required

Question 30. India’s outlook on the world is composing of these various elements.

(a) is composed of
(b) is composed by
(c) is composed with
(d) has been composing at
(e) No correction required

Question 31. How religious intolerance can blight social peace and harmony can be gauged from events take place around the globe.

(a) taken place over
(b) taking place around
(c) took place around
(d) taken place in
(e) No correction required

Question 32. This exploitation of the helpless tribals needs to the condemnated.

(a) need to be condemned
(b) needs condemnation
(c) needs to be condemned
(d) need to condemnation
(e) No correction required

Question 33. The fact-finding team which had been at the area found villagers giving information to the police.

(a) which had been for
(b) that led to
(c) which led to
(d) that had been to
(e) No correction required

Question 34. The new facts he has discovered could not change my opinion.

(a) has not changed
(b) could not be changed
(c) cannot be changed
(d )may be not changed
(e) No correction required

Question 35. On firm ground the tent had held in place by pegs driven into the ground.

(a) has been held at
(b) was held in
(c) was being held with
(d) should be held at
(e) No correction required

Question 36. In the midst of his laborious work, came a stroke of good fortune.

(a) comes a strike of
(b) came a strike of
(c) as trike comes of
(d) came a stroke for
(e) No correction required

Question 37. Tourists have still come to Egypt and are probably still inscribing their names on the old stones.

(a) are still coming
(b) have come still
(c) still have come
(d) will have still come
(e) No correction required

Question 38. There was a pause when we had finished and then a strangely subdued voice broke the silence.

(a) the strange subdueing
(b) a strange subdueing
(c) the strange subdued
(d) a stranged and subdueing
(e) No correction required

Question 39. I overheard him saying something to me when I was quit.

(a) was almost quit
(b) was about to quit
(c) had about to quit
(d) had been quitting
(e) No correction required

40. We had not only helped them with money but also with new machinery and raw material.

(a) not only helped them by
(b) helped them not only with
(c) helped not only to them with
(d) not only been helped them by
(e) No correction required

Question 41. I was shocked to learn that no one was knowing where the files were kept.

(a) had been knowing
(b) had been known
(c) knew
(d) was known
(e) No correction required

Question 42. All you really need is a mask, a tube, flippers and a spear gun.

(a) you really need are
(b) your real need are
(c) you real need is
(d) you really needed is
(e) No correction required

Question 43. By contrast the construction of great temples which had seemingly have presented great engineering difficulties, was relatively easy.

(a) had seemingly been presented
(b) had been seemed present
(c) was seemingly presented
(d) would seemingly have presented
(e) No correction required

Question 44. I am glad to hear that you narrowly escaped being run over by a speeding car yesterday.

(a) by being run over by
(b) to run over by
(c) run over down by
(d) to being over run by
(e) No correction required

Question 45. It is with a heavy heart that I pen these few lines to condole for you on the death of your beloved mother.

(a) condole with you in
(b) condole upon you on
(c) condole with you on
(d) condole for you with
(e) No correction required

Question 46. You should visit France when you had been to England.

(a) had gone to England
(b) go to England
(c) were going to England
(d) should have gone to England
(e) No correction required

Question 47. He is one of the best players that has ever lived.

(a) that would have ever lived
(b) that have ever lived
(c) that would have been ever lived
(d) that would ever live
(e) No correction required

Question 48. He asked me if he did shut the window.

(a) will shut the window
(b) can shut the window
(c) may shut the window
(d) should shut the window
(e) No correction required

Question 49. The teacher told us that the prize would be presented the next day.

(a) will be presented tomorrow
(b) would have been presented the next day
(c) shall be presented tomorrow
(d) should be presented tomorrow
(e) No correction required

Question 50. His speech was optimistic, but at the end of it he stroke a note of caution.

(a) strike a note of caution
(b) strut for a note of caution
(c) striked a note of caution
(d) struck a note of caution
(e) No correction required

Question 51. Men have been known how important the sun is to them

(a) Men have long known
(b) Men have to know long
(c) Men had long known
(d) Men have long know
(e) No correction required

Question 52. I did not like his comments on my paper but I had no alternative as I have agreed to keep quiet.

(a) I have to agree to keep quit
(b) I had agreed to keep quiet
(c) I had agreed for keeping quiet
(d) I have to agree for keeping quiet
(e) No correction required

Question 53. Please do not give him any food if his temperature will rise.

(a) if his temperature rises
(b) if his temperature would rise
(c) if his temperature shall rise
(d) unless his temperature rises
(e) No correction required

Question 54. It is only in the 1980s that a new kind of unity appeared among the capitalist powers.

(a) a kind of new unity appeared among
(b) the kind of new unity appeared among
(c) a new kind of unity appeared with
(d) a new kind of unity was appeared among
(e) No correction required

Question 55. Change in agricultural growth and rural prices are determinations of important change in rural poverty.

(a) important changes of determinations
(b) changes of important determinations
(c) important for determining of change
(d) important determinants of changes
(e) No correction required

Question 56. It is easy to prove the guilt but not innocent of a person.

(a) guilty but not innocent
(b) guilt but not innocence
(c) guilty and not innocent
(d) guilt and not innocent
(e) No correction required

Question 57. As a professional economist he had through out pre-occupied with the basic problems of Indian society.

(a) was throughout pre-occupied by
(b) is pre-occupied throughout by
(c) was throughout pre-occupied with
(d) had been pre-occupied throughout
(e) No correction required

Question 58. Census reports in India have voice concerned over the declining trends in the sex ratio.

(a) voiced concern over the declining
(b) voiced concerned over the declining
(c) voice concerned by the declined
(d) voiced concern by the declined
(e) No correction required