Para Jumbled : Introduction


SENTENCE OR WORD REARRANGEMENT

In this type of question, basically, you are given a paragraph or sentence – but the sentences (in case of paragraph) or words (in case of sentence) are not in the right order. It’s up to you to untie this knot and rearrange the sentences or words so that they logically make sense.Sentences or words rearrangement questions are included in BANK exams as they

✦ Help students relate events in a logical manner
✦ Sequence sentences based on English usage skills

HOW TO TACKLE THESE TYPES OF QUESTIONS?

To tackle these type of questions, you have to know three things.

✦ Theme of the paragraph that might be created on un-jumbling the sentences.
✦ Initiating sentence, which starts the paragraph
✦ Links have to be found between two sentences. Once a link of this type is created, it becomes easy to eliminate irrelevant choices.

HOW TO SAVE TIME WHILE SOLVING THESE TYPES?

It is very important to read selectively and search for transition words or other keywords.The best way is to establish a link between any two(or more)statements. Once a link is found, you get to know which statements will come together. Then, look in the options. Select the option with those statements together.

Example 1

A. 1971 war changed the political geography of the subcontinent
B. Despite the significance of the event there has been no serious book about the conflict
C. Surrender at Dacca aims to fill this gap
D. It also profoundly altered the geo-strategic situation in South-East Asia

(a) ACBD
(b) CADB
(c) BADC
(d) ADBC

Explanation : We can see that Sentence A is most likely the starting sentence. Now that we know that A is the starting sentence we can eliminate choice (b) and (c) as they start with C and B respectively.This narrows down our possibilities to option (a) and option (d).
Now we can see in option (a), C follows sentence Abut the gap spoken of in sentence C has no correlation with political geography of the subcontinent spoken of in sentence A, so we can rule out Option (a). Therefore answer has to be option (d), as we can also see it elaborates on the change mentioned in sentence A.

Example 2

A. Thus begins the search for relief: painkillers, ice,yoga,herbs, even surgery
B. Most computer users develop disorders because they ignore warnings like tingling fingers, a numb hand or a sore shoulder
C.They keep pointing and dragging until tendons chafe and scar tissue forms, along with bad habits that are almost impossible to chage.
D. But cures are elusive , because repetetive stree injuries present a bag of ills that often defy easy disgnosis.

(a) BDAC
(b) BADC
(c) BCAD
(d) ABCD

Explanation : Here we can make out that sentence B is will be the starting sentence as it introduces the subject matter which is’computer users and related problems’.Option (d) automatically gets eliminated as it starts with sentence A.
Option (a) can be rule out as there is no correlation between sentence B and sentence D. Sentence B talks of warnings where as sentence D talks of cures for illness and hence no correlation exists.

Example 3

A. If you are used to having your stimulation come in from out side, your mind never develops its own habits of thinking and reflecting
B. Marx thought that religion was the opiate, because it soothed people’s pain and suffering and prevented them from rising in rebellion
C. Karl Marx was alive today, he would say that television is the opiate of the people.
D. Television and similar entertainments are even more of an opiate because of their addictive tendencies.

(a) BACD
(b) ADBC
(c) BDCA
(d) CBDA

Explanation : Sentence B has Marx (short Form) and sentence C has Karl Marx (Full form). So C will come before B. Now in given options we can clearly see (a) and (b) and (c) , B is placed before C and
hence we reject option (a), (b) and (c)which leaves us with only option (d) which is the correct option.

Example 4

A.Then two astronomers-the German, Johannes Kepler,and the Italian, Galileo Galilei-started publicly to support the Copernican theory, despite the fact that the orbits it predicted did not quite match the ones observed.
B. His idea was that the sun was stationary at the centre and that the earth and the planets move in circular orbits around the sun.
C. A simple model was proposed in 1514 by a Polish priest,Nicholas Copernicus.
D. Nearly a century passed before this idea was taken seriously.

(a) CDBA
(b) CBDA
(c) BCAD
(d) CADB

Explanation : Answer is option (b) as we can see that in sentence D it says’ nearly a century has passed ‘ so we have to keep the timeline in consideration here also while sequencing the sentence sand only in option 2 the timeline fits correctly.