Child labour v/s Right to Education (RTE)
⇒ RTE = Every child between the ages of 6 and 14 has right to free (and compulsory) elementary education.
⇒ Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986 makes a distinction between hazardous and non-hazardous categories of work for children under 14 years.
ARA (Adoption Resource Authority)
⇒ Central Adoption Resource Authority.
⇒ Autonomous body under Ministry of women and Child development.
⇒ Deals with Hague Convention on inter-country adoption.
⇒ Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System.
⇒ It is an IT application for greater transparency in adoption system, under CARA.
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram
⇒ This scheme was launched in 2013.
⇒ To provide comprehensive healthcare and improve the quality of life of children focus on 4D.
⇒ Defects at birth (cleft lip, down’s syndrome, Talipes etc.).
⇒ Diseases (dental, heart, asthama etc.).
⇒ Deficiencies (Vitamin A deficiency = Bitot spot).
⇒ Development delays including disability.
⇒ Integrated Child Development Service started in 1975.
⇒ Beneficiary children below the age of six, lactating mothers, pregnant mothers.
⇒ Provides for nutritional and health status, immunization, health checkups, pre-school and non-formal education.
⇒ Has convergence with reproductive and child health (RCH) program under National Rural Health Mission.
⇒ Conditional cash transfer for girl child, launched in 2008, for fulfilling following conditions:
- birth and registration of birth
- enrollment and retention in school
⇒ For this scheme, 12th FYP wants conditional transfer of assets (like home via IAY) instead of cash transfer.
Rajiv Gandhi National Creche
⇒ Scheme provides for day-care facilities to 0-6 year old children of working mothers by opening crèches and development services
⇒ Requirement: combined monthly in-come of both the parents should not exceed 12,000 for availing of the facilities.