Child labour v/s Right to Education (RTE)


⇒ RTE = Every child between the ages of 6 and 14 has right to free (and compulsory) elementary education.

⇒ Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986 makes a distinction between hazardous and non-hazardous categories of work for children under 14 years.


Child Adoption

ARA (Adoption Resource Authority)

⇒ Central Adoption Resource Authority.

⇒ Autonomous body under Ministry of women and Child development.

⇒ Deals with Hague Convention on inter-country adoption.

CARINGS

⇒ Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System.

⇒ It is an IT application for greater transparency in adoption system, under CARA.


Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram

⇒ This scheme was launched in 2013.

⇒ To provide comprehensive healthcare and improve the quality of life of children focus on 4D.

⇒ Defects at birth (cleft lip, down’s syndrome, Talipes etc.).

⇒ Diseases (dental, heart, asthama etc.).

⇒ Deficiencies (Vitamin A deficiency = Bitot spot).

⇒ Development delays including disability.


ICDS

⇒ Integrated Child Development Service started in 1975.

⇒ Beneficiary children below the age of six, lactating mothers, pregnant mothers.

⇒ Provides for nutritional and health status, immunization, health checkups, pre-school and non-formal education.

⇒ Has convergence with reproductive and child health (RCH) program under National Rural Health Mission.


Dhanlakshmi

⇒ Conditional cash transfer for girl child, launched in 2008, for fulfilling following conditions:

  • birth and registration of birth
  • immunization
  • enrollment and retention in school

⇒ For this scheme, 12th FYP wants conditional transfer of assets (like home via IAY) instead of cash transfer.


Rajiv Gandhi National Creche

⇒ Scheme provides for day-care facilities to 0-6 year old children of working mothers by opening crèches and development services

Requirement: combined monthly in-come of both the parents should not exceed 12,000 for availing of the facilities.