The Cholas (AD 985-1279)


Founder Vijayalaya, Capital Tanjore.

Aditya I Chola wiped out Pallavas and weakened Pandayas.

Purantaka I captured Madurai, but defeated by Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna III at the Battle of Takkolam.

Rajaraja I (AD 985-1014) led a naval expedition against Shailendra empire (Malaya Peninsula) and conquered Northern Sri Lanka; constructed Rajarajeshwari (or Brihadeshvara) Shiva temple at Tanjore.

Rajendra I (AD 1014-1044) annexed whole Sri Lanka; took the title of Gangaikonda and founded Gangaikonda Cholapuram.

Dancing Figure of Shiva (Nataraja) belong to Chola period. Local self government existed.