Indus Valley Civilization


The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC)was aunique Bronze Age civilization and one of the most ancient urban civilizations in the world.

The Civilization flourished around the Indus riverbasin and its tributaries, consisting of modern Pakistan and northwestern India.

The main streets ran from north to south varied from 9 to 34 feet in width. Roads, especially in Mohenjo-Daro had awidth of 10.5 meter.The Harappa had wide roads of width of 30 feet.

Houses, of ten two-storey and spacious, lined up on the streets; there was well drainage system resulting in the brick-lined sewers.

Lothal, Balakot, Suktagendor and Allahdin (Pakistan) in the cities of the Harappan civilization were the major ports.

Domesticated animals included dogs and cats, humped and sea cattle, poultry, and possibly pigs, camels and Buffalo. Elephant, probably,too, was domesticated, and his bones and tusks were freely used.

Women were given high honour in society.Family was regulated in the name of mother.

The Indus Civilization had four differentclasses in which the society was divided, i.e. Scholars, warriors, businessmen and labourers.

In the valley of the Indus people used irrigation-based agriculture.

Harappan people had features of Hinduism, such as worship of the mother Goddess, Pashupati Shiva,Sacred animals, trees, etc.

There was an impressive building which was used as apublic bath. The overall dimension of the Bath is 180 feet by 108 feet.