Maratha State (AD 1674-1818)


Shivaji was born at Shivner, Poona and died on April 3, 1680 in Rajgarh.

He was founder of the Maratha king-dom of India.

Shahji Bhonsle was the father and Jija Bai was the mother of Shivaji.

Shivaji inherited the Jagir of Poona from his father in 1637.

After the death of his guardian Dadaji Kondadev Shivaji took over full charge of his Jagir.

In 1659, Shivaji killed Afzal Khan who was deputed by Adil Shah to sup-press him.

Ashta Pradhan Mandal was the Cabi-net of Eight Ministers in the court of Shivaji.

Ashta Pradhan- Peshwa (Prime Min-ister), Muzumdar (Finance Minister), Surnis (Minister for Land Revenue, Vaknis (Minister for Internal and Ex-ternal Intelligence), Dabir (Minster for External Affairs), Sarnaubat (Com-mander-in-Chief),Nyayadhish (Chief Justice).