The Mughals (AD 1526-1540 and 1555-1857)


The Mughul era began with the Ba-bur’s victory over Ibrahim Lodi in the First Battle Of Panipat in 1526.’

Babur (AD 1526-30) Babur was the first Mughal Emperor of India. He was from the princely family of mixed Mongol and Turkish blood.

He defeated Mewar ruler Rana Sanga in the Battle Of Khanwa in 1527 and Medini Rai in the Battle of Chanderi (1528).

He died in 1530.

Babur wrote his biography Babur-nama which is also known asTuzk-e Babri.

Humayun (AD 1530-40 & 55-56)

Humayun succeeded Babur at the young age of 23 in 1530.

He was defeated in the Battle of Chau-sa (1539) and Battle of Kanauj (1540) by Sher Shah Suri who became the ruler of Agra and Delhi.

The Humayun’s Tomb was built by his widow Haji Begum in Delhi.

Humayun’s sister Gulbadan Begum wrote Humayunnama.

He died in 1556.

The real name of Sher Shah was Farid.

During the siege of the fort of Kalinjar one of the cannons accidentally went off killing him on 26th of May 1535.

He was buried in Sasaram (Bihar).

He built Purana Qila in Delhi.