Joint Session of the House

Article 108 provides that when a bill is passed by one house is sent to the other. The other house may:

  • Reject the bill altogether.
  • Disagrees on it and returns it with some amendments which are not ultimately considered by the originating house.
  • Takes no action and more than 6 months time has passed.
  • The President in such a case may summon a joint sitting of both the houses.

At a joint sitting of two houses, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and in his absence, the Deputy Speaker,or if he is also absent, Deputy Chairman of the Council of States and if he is also absent, such person as may be determined by the members present in the sitting presides. Lok Sabha by its numerical majority prevails over the joint sitting.

This provision does not apply to money bill.

There cannot be a joint sitting for Constitution Amendment bills. Nor do such bills require previous sanction of the President.

President can not summon a joint sitting if the bill has lapsed by reason of a dissolution of Lok Sabha.