As per the provisions of the Peoples Representation Act, 1951 political par-ties are registered with the Election Commission of India.
The Anti-defection law, passed in 1985, prevents the MPs or the MLAs elected as candidates from one party forming or joining anew party,unless they comprise more than one-third of the original party,in the Legislature.
Recognition and Reservation of Symbols
A party registered with the Election Commission may be granted recognition as aNational or aState party on the basis of its performance in polls.
Political Parties & Pressure Group
Meaning : Group of persons who agree on some ideology & seek to capture the power & form the government on the basis of collective leadership.
Type of Party System in India : Multi Party System :
Functions Political Parties
- Elite Formation & Recruitment
- Goal Formulation
- Interest Articulation & Aggregation
- Socialization & Mobilization
- Organization of Government.
Category of Political Party in India:-