Salient Features


  • Originally our Constitution contained 395 Articles divided in 22 Parts and 8 Schedules.
  • Right from the beginning our Constitution is the most comprehensive constitution in the world.
  • The Constitution, in its current form, consists of a Preamble, 24 Parts containing 448 articles, 12 schedules.
  • It makes India Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic.
  • It is designed to work as Federal Government in normal times and as a Unitary Government in an emergency.
  • It establishes a Parliamentary System of Government in India.
  • It introduces adult franchise and the system of Government in India.
  • India is a union of 29 States and 7 Union Territories.
  • It abolishes un-touchability in India.
  • It guarantees Fundamental Rights to all citizens of India.
  • It lays down Directive Principles of State Policy for the guidance of Legislature and the Executive of the country.
  • It establishes independence of judiciary from the executive.
  • It declares Hindi as the National language of India which would replace English as early as possible.
  • A Union Public Service Commission has been set up to make recruitment to various services.
  • Provision has been made for amending the Constitution.