The Preamble to Indian Constitution is based on “Objective Resolution” of Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru introduced an objective resolution on December 13, 1947 and it was adopted by Constituent Assembly on 22 January, 1947.
The Drafting Committee of the Assembly in formulating the Preamble in the light of “Objective Resolution” felt that the Preamble should be restricted to defining the essential features of the new state and its basic sociopolitical objectives and that the other matters dealt with Resolution could be provided in the substantive parts of the Constitution.
The Committee adopted the expression ‘Sovereign Democratic Republic’ in place of ‘Sovereign Independent Re-public’ as used in the “Objective Resolution”.
The Committee added the word Fraternity which was not present in the Objective Resolution. The Committee felt that the need for fraternal concord and goodwill in India was never great-er than now.
The term ‘Preamble’ means the introduction to a statute. It is the introductory part of the Constitution.
Initially, the Preamble was drafted by Sh. B. N. Rau in his memorandum of May 30, 1947 and was later reproduced in the Draft of October 7, 1947. In the context of the deliberations by the Constituent Assembly, the Preamble was reformulated.
The Preamble does not grant any pow-er but it gives a direction and purpose to the Constitution.
It outlines the objectives of the whole Constitution. The Preamble contains the fundamentals of the Constitution. The Preamble to an Act sets out the main objectives which the legislation is intended to achieve.
The Preamble Reads
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizen:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;LIBERTY of thought, expression, be-lief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation:
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY, this 26th day of November 1949, do here by ADOPT, ENACT and GIVE TO OUR SELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
The word socialist and secular have been added to the Preamble by 42nd amendment Act 1976. Also unity of nation was amended to read unity and integrity of the nation.
The objectives of the Preamble are to secure Justice, Liberty,Equality and Fraternity.
The ultimate goal is that of “securing the dignity of the individual and unity and integrity of the nation”.