The Union & Its Territory
Article 1 stipulates that India, that is Bharat, shall be Union of states.
The country is described as ‘Union‘ because it is indestructible.
The ‘territory of India’ includes the entire area over which the Sovereignty of India extends.
Under Articles 2 & 3, Parliament has the power to establish new States, form a new State from the territory of any State or by uniting two or more States, increase or decrease the area of any State, or after the boundaries or the name of any State.
First Linguistic State – Andhra Pradesh.
States Re-organisation Act 1956 States Re-organisation Act 1956 was adopted by the Govt. of India that resulted in the formation of new states & UTs.
List of New States & UTs Created After 1956
- Maharashtra & Gujarat (1960)
- Dadra & Nagar Haveli (1961)
- Goa, Daman & diu (1962)
- Goa (Statehood) (1987)
- Puducherry (1962)
- Nagaland (1963)
- Haryana, Chandigarh (1966)
- Himachal Pradesh (Statehood) (1971)
- Manipur, Tripura & Meghalaya (Statehood) (1972)
- Sikkim (full – ledged State) (1975)
- Arunachal Pradesh & Mizoram (1987)
- Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand & Jharkhand (2000)
- Telangana (2014)