ENVIRONMENT


Monthly Current Affairs September 2016 “ENVIRONMENT” key points to Remember.
Coal India Limited (CIL)& ICFRE Signs MoU for Environment Related Issues in Coal Mining
Projects. The MoU will also help in improving the rehabilitation and reclamation of the mined out
areas.
A team of Scientists led by the University of Wollongong’s (UOW) Professor Allen Nutman have
discovered the world’s oldest fossils which is about 3.7 billion years old. The discovery which further
dates back with the previous record by 220 million yearsand captures the earliest history of our planet.
According to the study published in the journal PeerJ, A team of scientists has discovered a new
species of pterosaur which is an extinct group of flying reptiles from the early Jurassic period in the Patagonia region in Argentina.
Indonesia volcano erupted at Mount Barujari in Lombok island. The volcano, also known as the
“Child of Rinjani” because it sits within the Mount Rinjani caldera.
A massive typhoon named Megi made landfall in eastern China, a day after carrying strong winds
over Taiwan that felled trees and scattered debris, killing at least four people and injuring more than 260.
According to the WHO Report on Ambient Air Pollution 2016Turkmenistan has the highest rate of
deaths per capita due to ambient air pollution in the WHO’s classification. India alone accounting for
over 75 per cent of the casualties caused by cardiovascular diseases and lung cancer. The three Indian
cities, New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata, are in the list of 11 most-polluted mega cities, the most for
any country.China has only 2 cities in the top 10 list.
Scientists and wildlife conservationists were seeing red over the threat posed to Gangetic river
dolphins by the National Waterways project. The animal was protected under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and was a declared endangered speciesUnionGovernment of India signed a15-year contract with the International Seabed Authority (ISA) for exploration of polymetallic sulphides (PMS) in Indian Ocean.
New lizard species named as Cyrtodactylus Varadgirii discovered in Mumbai.
The Karnataka State Wildlife Board, chaired by Chief Minister Siddaramaiah, has decided to declare
Ankasamudra tank in Hagari Bommanahalli taluk as a bird conservation reserve. The
A tiny fish species discovered near Hawaii has been named after President Obama. This maroon and
gold animal was found 300 feet deep in the coral reef off Kure Atoll in June. It’s a very special fish because as far as we know, it is the only fish species, so far, that is endemic to the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.
The world’s largest gorillas are included in the IUCN Red list. It was announced at theInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) global conference in Honolulu. Gorilla’s population decline of more than 70% in 20 years. Just 5,000 Eastern gorillas left on Earth and Chimpanzees and bonobos
are listed as endangered.
West Bengal has reported the highest number of dengue deaths in the country. The State has 23
dengue-related deaths with 5,639 people affected by it from January to August 31. West Bengal is followed by Odisha and Kerala, both recording nine deaths each. Karnataka has registered six deaths due to dengue, while two people died in Delhi.
Scientific Researchers have identified a new species of extinct reptiles that lived 212 million years ago in US. The fossils of the reptile named Vivaron haydeni was found in Ghost Ranch of New Mexico
during an excavation in 2009, co-led by Sterling Nesbitt, who was at University of Texas at Austin in
the US during the research.
According to a study by World Conservation Society scientists , the world’s wilderness had reduced
by a tenth in the past two decades. The research findings published in the journal Current Biology last
week noted the wild areas that vanished were mostly in South America and Africa, and only about
20%of the world’s land area was sorted as wilderness.
Iceland was named as the best adventure destination for luxury travel by an international network of
luxury travel specialists ‘Virtuoso‘.
The Top 10 adventure travel destinations in the world:
Iceland, Galapagos Islands/Ecuador, Costa Rica and Chile/Patagonia (tie), New Zealand,
Peru, Cuba, Antarctica, Arctic/North Pole, South Africa and Australia
Zurich is the most sustainable city in the world and had unbeatable environmental credentials,
according to new research. The Swiss city drove away strong competition to take first place in
the 2016 Arcadis Sustainable Cities Index, announced Monday, which ranked 100 major cities on 32
indicators across three aspects of sustainability: people, planet and profit.
Invasive Giant African Land Snail(GALS)(Scientific name – Achatina fulica) was sighted at Goa
University campus.GALS is listed as one of the world’s 100 most invasive species by the international
union of conservation of nature and natural resources(IUCN).
India’s first inter State river interlinking project Ken-Betwa project was approved by the National
Board for Wildlife (NBWL) with an Outlay of Rs.10,000 crore.This project will irrigate not only
Bundelkhand region but also submerge about 10% of the Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh.
UN Trade reported that the India and China might shielded them from the worst of the adverse
external environment was by Expanding domestic markets and enough forex reserves.
Sikkim Daughter Makes a Scientific Breakthrough – Nishma Dahal Discovers a New Pika Species in
Himalayan.