Practice Mock Test - 15


Directions (151 -160) : Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Despite the economic crunch worldwide "that saw pulverization of some or the largest banking and finance giants, Indian banking houses have managed to show positive growth this quarter. Some of India's leading national banks have posted a net profit rise of more than 40% over the last quarter amid global turmoil. This would come as a big shot in the arm for the investors and consumers of these banks even though apprehension is mounting on other banking and braking forms worldwide. One of the main reasons behind the success of these banks this quarter would be their direct backing by the Government of India. People take solace in their investments in public sector watching the bailout packages being cashed out by governments all over the world to save big business houses.

Other private banks in India have also reported a substantial net profit ·over the last quarter. Given the international and domestic scenario one cannot put this down as a mandane achievement. While others are on a cost cutting spree and firing employees, Indian Companies are actually working on boosting staffing in banking and braking sectors. This can be seen as a big boon in the days to come when the current recession eases and the economy gradually comes back on to the fast track. The finance minister has assured Indian public about the sound health of all Indian banks. This could also be evident from the fact that there have been no mergers and takeovers in Indian Banking sector in a contrast to world scenario where finance houses are looking for mergers to cut costs on operations. We definitely are not looking to thrive; rather we are looking for growth, it is just that the pace of growth is a little slow now as compared to a year or two before. These are hard times of test the hard. The weak in business and career will be weeded out and it is sometimes very beneficial for business on the long run.

151. What, according to the author, is the reason for the success for Indian national banks in this quarter?
a) Indian national banks do not have any commitments in troubled foreign markets.
b) These banks can never face financial crisis because of their sheer size
c) These banks are ready to give loans at a very low rate of interest
d) The public is ready to invest in these banks because of the knowledge that these banks get strong support from the Government.
e) None of these

d) The public is ready to invest in these banks because of the knowledge that these banks get strong support from the Government.

152. What does the phrase 'shot in the arm' as used in the passage mean?
a) Shock
b) Fear
c) Encouragement
d) Anxiety
e) None of these

c) Encouragement

153. How, according to the author, is the current recession beneficial?
a) Worldwide, companies have realized that India is a strong power to reckon with
b) India is surging ahead of the other companies throughout the world
c) After the recession is over international companies will turn to India for investments.
d) Recession is bringing down the prices of essential commodities
e) None of these

e) None of these

154. What, according to the author, will be a big boon in the days to come?
a) The economy coming back on the fast track
b) The slowing down of the economy
c) Increased hiring in Indian financial sector in times of economic slowdown
d) The cost cutting carried out by all the companies
e) None of these

c) Increased hiring in Indian financial sector in times of economic slowdown

155. Which of the following statements is ' definitely true in the context of the passage'?
(A) India has not been affected by the economic slowdown.
(B) Indian Banks are showing growth in this quarter despite the recession.
(C) While banking industry in the West was severely affected by recession in the past, it is now gradually recovering and showing a positive growth.
a) Only (A)
b) Only (B)
c) Only (C)
d) Only (A) and (B)
e) Only (B) and (C)

b) Only (B)

156. Which of the following strengthens the finance minister's statement about the sound health of Indian Banks with respect to the passage?
(A) There have been no acquisitions and mergers of Indian Banks.
(B) The Indian Banks are recording a positive growth.
(C) Layoffs have been observed worldwide.
a) Only (A) and (B)
b) Only (A) and (C)
c) Only (A)
d) Only (B)
e) All (A), (B) and (C)

(A) There have been no acquisitions and mergers of Indian Banks.

Directions (157-158) : Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage
157. TURMOIL
a) danger
b) shock
c) sadness
d) fear
e) chaos

e) chaos

158. PULVERIZATION
a) polarization
b) mashing
c) debasement
d) fall
e) crushing

Directions (159-160) : Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
159. THRIVE
a) succeed
b) deteriorate
c) worry
d) tremble
e) strive

b) deteriorate

160. MUNDANE
a) extraordinary
b) regular
c) severe
d) visionary
e) routine

a) extraordinary

Modern bio-technology, especially the creation of genetically modified crops, is often presented as a magic solution or universal panacea for the problems of poverty, inadequate nutrition and even environmental degradation across the world. Conversely, there are people who present the picture of tech generated monsters and major human health hazards being created by science. Many of the technological changes currently in the process of being utilized in agriculture can have unforeseen consequences, and their safety and future viability are far from secure.

The reality, as always, is far more complex than either of these two extremes. Even today the total food production in the world is adequate to feed the hungry of the world; the problem is rather one of unequal distribution, which deprives a large part of the population of even their minimal ·nutritional requirements. Similarly farmers, especially in developing countries, face many problems such as lack of infrastructure, poor or unstable market access, volatile input and output prices etc that biotechnology does not address, much less solve.

It is true that transgenic plants can offer a range of benefits which are above and beyond those which emerged from more traditional innovations in cultivation. It is suggested that such new technology offers more effective pest resistance of seeds and crops through genetic control mechanisms, which also reduces the need for pesticide use and leads to improved yield. A basic question, of course, is whether the new GM technology is safe, and whether this is absolutely crucial since the effects may only be known much later. The jury is still very much out on this matter, and the controversy does not appear to be resolved quickly. The trouble is that most governments in developing countries have relatively low food and beverage regulatory standards, and public systems for monitoring and surveillance of such items are poor or nonexistent. This leaves them open for entry and even dumping of a range of agricultural products of the new technology, which may not pass regulatory standards in the more developed countries.

161. Which of the following is true in context of the passage?
a) Genetically modified crops have been universally recognized as a solution to poverty and environmental degradation
b) The only way to improve the deficit in food requirement and food production in the world is by adapting genetically modified crops
c) Genetically modified crops produce more yields as compared to yield from the traditional methods
d) Taking advantage of absence of regulatory standards, scientists have been dumping new products in the markets without appropriate approval
e) None is true

d) Taking advantage of absence of regulatory standards, scientists have been dumping new products in the markets without appropriate approval

162. Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to OPEN printed in bold as used in the passage.
a) Vulnerable
b) Capable
c) Threatened
d) Uncertain
e) Weak

a) Vulnerable

163. Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to VOLATILE printed in bold as used in the passage.
a) Never-ending
b) Meager
c) Valuable
d) Irreversible
e) Stable

e) Stable

164. The author of the given passage seems to be definitely -
a) suggesting the use of traditional methods of agriculture as against bio-technology by developing countries owing to their poor regulatory standards
b) in favour of utilizing bio technology as a tool for alleviation of poverty from the world
c) urging the policy-makers to improve infrastructural facilities so that farmers can maximize the benefits of genetically modified crops
d) Unconvinced of the long-term effects and rationale for immediate requirement of genetically modified products
e) None of these

d) Unconvinced of the long-term effects and rationale for immediate requirement of genetically modified products

165. Why, according to the author, is genetic modification of crops not an answer to the problem of hunger in the world?
(A) People being highly doubtful of the long-term effects of genetically modified crops, do not buy the products grown by such methods.
(B) The problem of hunger in the world is not due to inadequate production of food but due to unequal distribution of it.
(C) Many developing countries have banned genetically modified products as developed countries have been using these countries as dumping grounds for new genetically modified products.
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) Both B and C
d) Both A and C
e) None of these

b) Only B

Directions (166 - 170): Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
166. A controversial plan to build an immense dam in Brazil's rainforest was stalled when it ________ a formidable block of _____ in ecologists and indigenous tribes alike.
a) resulted, hostilities
b) gained, supporters
c) attracted, opponents
d) lead, protesters
e) drew, proponents

c) attracted, opponents

167. According to a recent survey, sales figures of high end cars have seen an growth in the past year, which shows that Indian consumers have ______ the impact of recession.
a) unprecedented, negated
b) unbelievable, suffered.
c) unusual, worsened
d) insignificant, endured
e) adequate, proven

a) unprecedented, negated

168. The National Knowledge Commission has said that India will have to bring in education if it has to emerge as the most workforce of the world.
a) changes, biggest
b) reforms, talented
c) alleviation, skilful
d) quality, brighter
e) outcomes, demanded

b) reforms, talented

169. Norway has stolen a march over other developed countries by _______ that it would reduce 40% of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and carbon neutral by 2030.
a) allowing, turn
b) posing, grew
c) estimating, exist
d) perceiving, arising
e) declaring, become

e) declaring, become

170. According to the language experts, children should begin talking in their mother tongue rather than· a foreign language which can _______ affect their comprehension abilities leading to serious language based _____ later in their lives.
a) significantly, abilities
b) appropriately, achievements
c) severely, advantages
d) adversely, problems
e) positively, issues

d) adversely, problems

Directions (171-175) : In each of the following questions four words are given of which two words are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words which are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning and indicate the number of the correct letter combination, by darkening the appropriate oval in your answer sheet.
171.
(A) instigate
(B) enquire
(C) construe
(D) interpret
a) A- C
b) A-B
c) C - D
d) B-D
e) A- D

c) C - D

172.
(A) superficial
(B) superfluous
(C) enlightened
(D) surplus
a) A-C
b) A-B
c) B-C
d) B- D
e) A-D

173.
(A) appalling
(B) sinister
(C) perturbed
(D) threatening
a) A-B
b) B- D
c) A- C
d) A-D
e) D-C

174.
(A) imprison
(B) torture
(C) excruciate
(D) extract
a) B- D
b) B-C
c) A- B
d) C-D
e) A-C

175.
(A) pertinent
(B) impolite
(C) irrelevant
(D) insecure
a) A-C
b) B- D
c) C- D
d) A-D
e) B- C

Directions (176 - 180): Rearrange the following sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) , and (F) to make a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions which follow :

(A) According to it, organized retail stores are not wolves at doors of friendly neighbourhood grocery stores as there is room for expansion of both.
(B) Many have been crying foul over the entry of organized retail stores expressing concern over their impact on small store owners.
(C) The final winner in the competition, however, is the common man who gets to choose between the most suitable options and in turn fights with the runaway inflation in prices of essential commodities.
(D) In spite of this potential for expansion, it is doubtless that the small store owners face a decline in profit in initial years if organized retailers set up stores in the vicinity.
(E) But a study conducted over a period of two years goes a long way towards allaying these fears.
(F) This impact, however, wears off once they learn to take on the competition which in turn enhances efficiency all around.

176. Which of the following sentence should be the FIRST after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E

177. Which of the following sentence should be the THIRD after rearrangement?
a) A
b) E
c) D
d) F
e) C

178. Which of the following sentence should be the SIXTH (LAST) after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) E
e) F

179. Which of the following sentence should be the SECOND after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) E
e) F

180. Which of the following sentence should be the FIFTH after rearrangement?
a) D
b) B
c) C
d) E
e) F

Directions (181-190) : In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested, one of which best fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case. Economic growth figures for the first quarter of this financial year seem to support the claim that the worst may be over for the Indian economy. 'The gradual revival is also an indication that the government's economic stimulus package is (181). What could, however, upset the positive outlook is the drought which (182) large parts of the country and its impact on overall -growth. Even though the monsoon had picked up (183). the rains received were grossly (184). There are clear (185) that farm output, particularly cereals, will fall drastically. Insufficient rain is bound to shoot up the (186) of agricultural commodities and that would impact the economy as a whole. The drought would also (187) a drastic reduction in rural employment and consumption besides inflation in the prices of food articles. Food preside have been (188) since the past few months, and lower agricultural production is likely to (189) the Situation. The government has said that food grain from the buffer stocks will be used to keep prices (190) Subsidized food grain is necessary in these times, but its effectiveness will depend a lot on the distribution system.

181.
a) impractical
b) ambiguous
c) tailing
d) working
e) weakening

d) working

182.
a) strike
b) affected
c) exposed
d) reverted
e) altered
Content Goes Here

b) affected

183.
a) unseasonably
b) unfavorably
c) presently
d) meagerly
e) later
Content Goes Here

e) later

184.
a) inadequate
b) enough
c) missing
d) ample
e) atrocious
Content Goes Here

a) inadequate

185.
a) contradictions
b) advices
c) reasons
c) results
e) indications
Content Goes Here

e) indications

186.
a) production
b) requirement
c) prices
d) yield
e) labour
Content Goes Here

c) prices

Heading Goes Here
187.
a) trigger
b) lead
c) result
d) contribute
e) dampen

a) trigger

188.
a) improving
b) balanced
c) stable
d) increasing
e) decreasing
Content Goes Here

d) increasing

189.
a) aggravate
b) amend
c) smoothen
d) improve
e) challenge
Content Goes Here

a) aggravate

190.
a) unprofitable
b) futile
c) maximum
d) growing
e) down
Content Goes Here

Directions (191-194): Which of the phrases a), b), c) and d) given below each statement should be placed in the blank space provided so as to make a meaningful and grammatically correct sentence? If none of the sentences is appropriate, mark e) as the answer.
191. Although information technology has entered the homes, offices and hearts of many citizens' of India.
a) India provides the highest number of IT experts to the · world every year.
b) many people in rural areas still remain ignorant of its immense benefits
c) government has done its best by funding research in this field appropriately.
d) the face of communication in the years to come would change completely from the bygone years
e) None of these

b) many people in rural areas still remain ignorant of its immense benefits

192. While the environment friendly Nuclear energy could make a large addition to the energy resources.
a) experts have a lot of expectations from this cleaner method of producing energy
b) the government is determined to extract maximum out of this technology in the near future
c) international lobby has been pressurizing the developing nations to shift their energy production from coal to nuclear power.
d) the problem of locating adequate numbers of Uranium reserves to run the reactors is yet to be sorted out
e) None of these

d) the problem of locating adequate numbers of Uranium reserves to run the reactors is yet to be sorted out

193. ________ experts proposed the idea of a common school system.
a) Overlooking the fundamental right of quality education of every child in India
b) Since the curricular requirements of a rural child is different from an urban child
c) Based on the fact that difference in the quality of schools acts as a ground for discrimination
d) Since a large percentage of Indian children are getting free education
e) None of these

c) Based on the fact that difference in the quality of schools acts as a ground for discrimination

194. __________, the soil today is nowhere as rich in native minerals as it used to be some centuries ago.
a) As there is a growing consent among farmers regarding limiting the use of chemical fertilizers
b) As the chemical inputs in agriculture improved the yield many folds
c) Owing to the uninhibited use of chemical inputs in agriculture
d) Awareness among farmers regarding the side effects of chemical farming grew when
e) None of these

c) Owing to the uninhibited use of chemical inputs in agriculture

195. As allegations of crores of rupees changing hands to permit illegal mining, began to fly thick and fast, _______
a) Government ordered an enquiry which exposed a nexus between mine operators and bureaucrats
b) it caused great damage to the surrounding ecosystem and the environment in general
c) the officials have been irresponsible in failing to bring it to the notice of the court in time
d) the powerful mining lobby had bribed the· officials to obtain permit for mining on ecologically sensitive land
e) None of these

a) Government ordered an enquiry which exposed a nexus between mine operators and bureaucrats

Directions (196--200) : In each of the, given sentences select the sentence which would either follow or precede the given sentence in grammatically and conceptually appropriate manner. The instruction is given at the end of every statement.
196. Unfortunately, however, these slum dwellers are looked upon by the society as an appendix causing ills in the urban society.
Which of the following sentences would immediately precede the above sentence?
a) Health officials have been warning the government against the transmission of contagious diseases from the slum areas to other parts of the city
b) Slum dwellers not only play a significant role in urban economy but also provide cheap labour for everyday work of the cities
c) A recent report suggested that 34 percent of government land is illegally occupied by the slum dwellers
d) The slum dwellers live in sub - human, unhygienic conditions in their tiny shanties and are very often hubs for criminal activities
e) None of these

b) Slum dwellers not only play a significant role in urban economy but also provide cheap labour for everyday work of the cities

197. However, since the beginning of the nineties, free market forces have been allowed to play for ensuring all round development in Indian markets as well. Which of the following sentences would immediately precede the above sentence?
a) Entry of various ' market forces increased the competition faced by the indigenous organizations manifold
b) The severe shortage of newest technology and products in the late 1980s ended with the entry of foreign players in the Indian market
c) A major roadblock faced by the foreign investors was the poor infrastructural facilities which was however overtaken by the prospects seen in the huge market
d) India had been following a very selective and conservative economic policy during the late 1980s·
e) None of these

d) India had been following a very selective and conservative economic policy during the late 1980s·

198. That was mainly because only two percent of the total farmers could actually comprehend the lengthy procedures 'to obtain the loan and be benefited from it.
Which of the following sentences would immediately precede the above sentence?
a) Many moneylenders have been making the most out of th is situation and providing loans to the rest of the farmers at inflated prices
b) There is thus an urgent need to make the schemes and policy as simple and farmer friendly as possible.
c) A new loan scheme started by the government a couple of months ago proved to be a huge failure and utterly unpopular among the farmers.
d) This situation can be improved by, providing mediators to carry out and follow-up of the lengthy official procedure for the farmers
e) None of these

c) A new loan scheme started by the government a couple of months ago proved to be a huge failure and utterly unpopular among the farmers.

199. The foreign embassy has put forward a demand to the government that prosecution may be carried out on a foreign land and not in the country to which the terrorists belong. Which of the following sentences would immediately follow the above sentence?
a) Army arrested the terrorists responsible for kidnapping four foreign tourists after a daylong operation
b) The foreign ministry has offered all possible help to the government for hunting down the terrorists involved in it
c) Government has politely declined the request to handover the arrested terrorists for prosecution outside the country
d) The arrested terrorists were sentenced to life imprisonment after being prosecuted by a panel of international judges
e) None of these

c) Government has politely declined the request to handover the arrested terrorists for prosecution outside the country

200. This is because most of the institutes for higher learning lack the basic infrastructure, trained staff and equipment necessary for the physically challenged.
Which of the following sentences would immediately precede the above sentence?
a) Many physically challenged people have been performing as well as other students perform in their studies
b) The percent of illiterate, physically challenged people in rural areas is considerably more than that in the urban areas
c) According to a recent survey, only two out of nearly 200 universities in India have adequate number of books in Braille
d) Although government has been making many provisions to improve higher education in India, no attention has been paid to the education of the physically challenged students
e) None of these

d) Although government has been making many provisions to improve higher education in India, no attention has been paid to the education of the physically challenged students