Practice Mock Test - 02

Directions (Q. 51 - 65): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

India's growing economy, booming businesses and expanding middle class are often commented upon, but are these really the criteria by which we should be judging our progress? Shouldn't a country truly be able to call itself a leading nation only when it has an enlightened attitude towards its art and cultural heritage as well as its economic development? Unless there is a drastic change in approach towards the future of our museums, we are at the risk of turning India into a Potemkin Village, whereby a cultural vacuum lurks behind a glossy facade of development.

Indeed, there is no shortage of glitzy shopping malls filled with relics of economic power, but when it comes to spaces of true integrity, we in India fall embarrassingly short. By maintaining the status quo, we will lose not only priceless art works but also the wide range of cultural activity that such objects encourage and inspire.

From major institutions in the capital to smaller museums around the country, the idea of preservation, presentation and curating are well below international standards and seem instead to belong to another century, when it was merely enough to put objects in cabinets, with no further thought to how to bring them to life. Museum staff are under-qualified, uninterested and few in number. Acquisition budgets are either nonexistent or paralysed by red tape, and visitor numbers are not even worthy of comment.

The contemporary art scene may appear vibrant, but the influx of new commercial galleries is only further propping up the facade. Without major contemporary exhibitions in non-commercial institutions, we do not have the necessary means to attribute academic meaning to current artistic outputs. Our rich past and endlessly fascinating present should make us a world leader in cultural production- this is simply not the case.

By comparison, museums in the West have become the lifeblood of cities. Often referred to as the churches of the 21st century, such places are charged, dynamic and teeming with people. Serious academic research coexists with fun and educational days-out for the family-the study of the past corresponding with a celebration of the cultural present. The British Museum in London, for example, attracts nearly 6 million visitors a year (many of them Indian), whereas the National Museum in Delhi is one of the few places in the city where one can actually escape the crowds.

The effect of our failing museums is immediately tangible, as art works are deteriorating through a lack of care and attention, and also philosophical-in the sense that the study of art can instil a feeling of context, pride and intellectual inquiry in the nation. Rather than encouraging us to take an interest in art and antiques, the current system inhibits private collectors and dealers through endless red tape and archaic laws which dictate that complex registrations and forms be filled each time anything above 100 years old is bought, transferred or even transported. Without becoming a plausible place for the art trade to operate, and thus without a community of specialists, enthusiasts and professionals, the art world in India will lack the grassroots foundations it needs to progress.

Whilst the current state of affairs is being increasingly acknowledged, relatively few initiatives have been proposed to tackle the problem. These currently focus around staff development and consultancy through tie-ins with international bodies like the British Museum and the Art Institute of Chicago. The impetus for such schemes is commendable, but how much do these partner institutions really understand the unique challenges of India's government infrastructure?

It is perhaps time we looked beyond the state and further towards the private sector for the future of our museums-
following the example of the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum in Mumbai, which rescued itself through its partnership with the Jarnnalal Bajaj Foundation. By combining the financial support of larger corporations with the passion, knowledge and networks of private individuals and, foundations, these various entities have the unique potential to set up new museums and develop them into dynamic, engaging and sustainable spaces. In other words, if the Government won't wake up to the responsibility and benefit of reforming our museums, then perhaps it is time to leverage the power of India's liberalised free-market capitalism (which one normally associates with industry and technology) to help the country grow culturally, as well as economically. The hope being that such initiatives will kick start a new era of interest in the arts-inspiring, educating and enriching the country along the way.

At the least, such initiatives will act to preserve the art and heritage of our past until the state system wakes up.

51. Which of the following does not reflect the actual position of museums in the western countries?
1) Museums are often referred to as the churches of the 21 st century.
2) These have become the life blood of cities.
3) Serious academic research coexists with fun for the family.
4) The British Museum in London attracts about six million visitors per year.
5) In museums there is a deserted look on weekend days.
52. What problems do private collectors and dealers have to face while buying, transferring and transporting art and antiques?

(A) The problem of red tape and archaic laws compel them to complete the long formalities whenever art or antiques are bought, transferred and transported.

(B) Whenever anything above 100 years old is bought or transferred complex registrations and forms are required to be filled.

(C) Private collectors and dealers have to bribe the museum authorities.

1) Only (A)
2) Both (A) and (B)
3) Only (B)
4) Only(C)
5) Both (B) and (C)
53. Which of the following is definitely true regarding the current state of affairs of museums?
1) People agree that the present situation is grim.
2) No initiative has been proposed to tackle the problem.
3) No effort is being made for staff development.
4) British Museum and Art Institute Chicago have refused India government's plea for help.
5) None of these
54. The writer has mentioned a 'Potemkin Village'. Which of the following seem(s) to be the characteristics of a Potemkin Village?

(A) A Potemkin Village is one where a lot of emphasis is laid on the the development of art and culture.

(B) It is a village where there is cultural vacuum.

(C) It is the village where all the signs of a developed city can be seen.

1) Only (A)
2) Only (B)
3) Only (C)
4) Either (A) or (B)
5) Both (A) and (C)
55. According to the writer, which of the following is the criteria for judging the progress of a country?

(A) Growing economy, booming business and expanding middle class

(B) Scientific development, availability of health facilities and the living standard of the people of the country

(C) Enlightened attitude towards art 'and cultural heritage as well as its economic development

1) Only (A)
2) Only (B)
3) Only (C)
4) Both (B) and (A)
5) None of these
56. In the writer's opinion, which of the following is correct about the art scenario in India?

(A) The contemporary art scenario appears vibrant.

(B) There is lack of major contemporary exhibitions in non-commercial institutions.

(C) Though rich past and fascinating present can make us a world leader in cultural production, it is actually not so.

1) Only (A) and (B)
2) Only (B) and (C)
3) Only (A) and (C)
4) All (A), (B) and (C)
5) None of these
57. What do you mean by 'status quo' used in the passage?
1) The state of affairs that exists at a particular time
2) Efficiency of a state to tackle its problems
3) The status of a state in respect to other states
4) Maintaining high standard of ethics by the state government employees
5) None of these
58. Which of the following can be the most appropriate title for the given passage?
1) Economy vs Art and Culture
2) Future of Art and Culture
3) Indian Museums vis-a-vis Foreign Museums
4) Contemporary Art vs Antiques ,
5) Shopping Malls vs Museums
59. Which of the following is incorrect about the status of museums in India?
1) The standard of preservation, presentation and curating are far below international standards.
2) The presentation of objects is so poor that their ages seem widely different from their original age.
3) The objects preserved in cabinets reflect lack of interest of the preserver.
4) Museum staffs are under-qualified, unilateral and few in number.
5) All the above are correct

Directions (Q. 60-62): Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) Dire
2) Stringent
3) Impulsive
4) Radical
5) Stylist
1) Gloomy
2) Shining
3) Sullen
4) Divine
5) Precious
1) Dull
2) Boring
3) Showy
4) Lacklusture
5) Jaded

Directions (Q. 63 - 65): Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) Sonorous
2) Sluggish
3) Brilliant
4) Robust
5) Attractive
1) Diffuse
2) Inculcate
3) Infuse
4) Commence
5) Inspire
1) Inappropriate
2) Reasonable
3) Believable
4) Worthy
5) Justifiable

Directions (Q. 66 - 75): Read each sentence to find out whether there in any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is 5).

66. Drastic poll reforms (1)/ are necessary before (2)/ the Lok Sabha elections (3)/ due to the year 2014 (4)/ No error (5)

Replace 'to' with 'in'

67. The Railway has (1) / decided to impose service tax (2) / on first class AC classes (3) / and freight rates (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'Railway has' with Railways have.

68. No sooner he had seen his brother (1) / coming to him than (2) / he moved forward (3) / to hug him (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'he had' with 'had he'

69. Pakistan is no stranger to (1) / constitutional crises; (2) / it has been struggling (3) / through it from 1947. (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'it from' with 'them since'

70. For all practical purposes (1) / Political Science was the political philosophy (2) / and was studied such as before (3) / it was born as a separate, autonomous discipline. (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'such as' with 'as such'

71. Machiavelli, more than any other individual (1) /and despite the fact that he is hardly (2) / a political theorist, is father (3) / of modern political theory (4) / No error (5)

Add 'the' before 'father'

72. Howsoever organised a gang of robbers (1) / may be, it cannot be said to (2) / be a society or state (3) / as it lacks the principal mark of a peaceful society (4) / No error (5)
73. All political philosophers have (1) / began the study of (2) / the state with (3) / the study of man. (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'began' with 'begun'

74. The quarrels that arise over (1) / private property is due (2) / not to its being private but to (3) / the wickedness of human nature. (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'is' with 'are'

75. According to Aristotle, Arithmetic, Algebra (1) / Geometry Physics and Chemistry (2) / are par excellent (3) / theoretical sciences. (4) / No error (5)

Replace 'excellent' with 'excellence',

Directions (Q. 76 - 80): Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A) Placement agencies provide a nationwide service in matching personnel's demand and supply.

(B) In technical and professional areas, private agencies and professional bodies appear to be doing substantive work.

(C) Such agencies charge fee for recommending suitable names.

(D) These professional recruiters can entice the needed top executive from other companies by making the right offers.

(E) These agencies compile bio-data of a large number of candidates and recommend suitable names to their clients.

(F) They are useful where extensive screening is required.

76. Which of the following sentences will come SECOND after rearrangement?
1) A
2) E
3) B
4) D
5) C
77. Which of the following sentences will come THIRD after rearrangement?
1) F
2) E
3) A
4) B
5) C
78. Which of the following sentences will come LAST after rearrangement?
1) A
2) C
3) D
4) B
5) F
79. Which of the following sentences will come FIRST after rearrangement?
1) C
2) B
3) E
4) F
5) D
80. Which of the following sentences will come FIFTH after rearrangement?
1) D
2) B
3) C
4) E
5) F

Directions (Q. 81 - 90): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable words from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.

A child can never be illegitimate. Because his relationship with his mother and father is independent of the legal (81) of the relationship between his parents. This is a settled (82) of law, declared in judicial pronouncements while (83) issues connected to rights of maintenance, inheritance and (84) of children born out of marriages or in void and avoidable marriages. The Hindu Marriage (85), Succession Act and similar legislations also speak on (86) of children who are allegedly illegitimate (87) invalid marriages.

But legal experts say that the Delhi High Court's declaration that a DNA test had revealed ND Tiwari is the (88) father of Rohit Shekhar can open up a virgin area of (89) since no legislation talks unequivocally about a person's right (90) his father's properties, ancestral or self-acquired.

1) accepting
2) validity
3) rigidity
4) formality
5) rules
1) legislation
2) ruling
3) principle
4) hypothesis
5) understanding
1) determining
2) expressing
3) demonstrating
4) displaying
5) devising
1) acceptance
2) successive
3) succession
4) supervision
5) role
1) Rule
2) Act
3) Circular
4) Legislation
5) Norms
1) health
2) education
3) upbringing
4) rights
5) well being
1) for the sake of
2) in the wake of
3) in spite of
4) in due course
5) instead
1) physical
2) established
3) biological
4) formed
5) declared
1) legality
2) jurisdiction
3) justification
4) jurisprudence
5) court
1) in
2) about
3) for
4) of
5) over

Directions (Q. 91 - 95): In the following questions, a sentence has been given with some of its part in bold. To make the sentence correct, you have to replace the bold part with the correct alternative given below. If the sentence is correct as it is, please give 5) as you answer (ie No correction required).

91. Touching the foot of elders, standing up while the national' anthem plays, are still appreciated as marks of respect.
1) foot of elders standing up when
2) feet of elders standing up when
3) feet of older standing up while
4) feet of elders, standing up while
5) No correct required
92. All of the poetry are written in traditional meters and rhyme schemes.
1) All of the poetry is
2) All of the poems are
3) All of the poem is
4) All of poetry are
5) No correction required
93. The pit is being shut down because it no longer coal has enough that can be mined economically.
1) no longer has coal enough that
2) no longer has enough coal which
3) no longer has enough coal that
4) has no coal longer enough that
5) No correction required
94. It is no use try to plan on 18-hole golf course on a 120-acre site if you have to ruin the environment to do it.
1) It is no use trying to
2) It is no useful try to
3) It is use in trying to
4) It is no use try in
5) No correction required
95. Her bank warned that until she repaid the overdraft she could face legal action.
1) until she repay the
2) unless she repaid the
3) unless she repay the
4) till she repay the
5) No correction required

Directions (Q. 96 - 100): In each of the following questions, a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.

96. A man cannot give up his habit which he has formed since his childhood. Abraham had been very kind since his childhood________. He said, "We don't know in what crisis the horse rider is. What does it matter, if he is a drunkard? We have to help a needy man. I am going to search him. A man should help another man."
1) He always helped the persons belonging to a royal family.
2) He helped only those who had helped him.
3) He could not help himself without helping a man, when the man was in crisis.
4) He never helped poor people.
5) Either 1) or 4)
97. In the sea at several places there are rocks on small mountains which are not visible because they are under water. If ships strike against them, the ships are broken into pieces. On such rocks, a towerlike high pillar is erected and its top is fitted with a bright light, so that the crew at dark night may save the ship against collision. ________. In the lower part of the pillar, there are small rooms in which the family of the employee of the lighthouse lives.
1) Such pillars are known as lighthouses.
2) Such pillars often prove useless.
3) Such pillars are erected on every rock coming in the way of ship.
4) Either 2) or 3)
5) Either l) or 3)
98. Though John Middleton was poor yet he was kind-hearted. He praised his daughter for his beneficence. Both the father and the daughter began to serve the old sick man. The old man was of an angry peevish nature. He, instead of expressing thankfulness to May, scolded and rebuked her ________. By and by, the old man recovered from illness.
1) May left serving the old sick man when he rebuked her.
2) May was kind towards gentleman only
3) Middleton did not want to serve the old sick man
4) But, May without minding his rebukes served him very happily.
5) Either 2) or 3)
99. In Europe, a region of Holland is below sea level, and so sometimes the water of the sea was filled in that region and caused terrible havoc to the villagers inhabiting those villages. In order to escape this calamity the people had built a high dam on the shore of the sea. _________The elderly people explained to their sons the loss that they had to sustain in the past, when the dam was damaged. They said to their sons, 'If even a little water starts leaking through a crack it should be mended immediately, otherwise, having broken the dam, water will flow with such a force that it will cause great loss to life and property.'
1) This helped the people over there a lot.
2) But of no avail.
3) This helped them not only escape calamity but also bring prosperity to their lives
4) Only a high dam was the solution to their problems.
5) Even then sometimes the water flowed with such a force that it damaged the dam and caused great loss to the people.
100. Napoleon Bonaparte, having become the emperor of France, with thirty thousand expert soldiers, who got victory over Italy, went to Egypt. His plan was that from Egypt, having conquered Syria, Mesopotamia, Iran and, Kandhar etc, like Alexander he should enter India and, having driven out the English from there, should establish a great empire governed by France. Being encouraged by his message which he sent from Egypt, Tipu Sultan waged a war against the English army, attacked the army of France and defeated it_________. This battle is known as the battle of Nile river.
1) Napoleon started brooding over the reasons of his defeat.
2) Thus Napoleon's ambition of establishing a great empire over Asia was ruined.
3) But Napoleon did not lose heart.
4) The English fired cannons on the French ship.
5) Either 3) or 4)