Practice Mock Test - 03


Directions (Q. 51-65): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate
,them while answering some of the questions.

"Thanks, Nature." Two little words marked the end of the speech of Fabiola Gianotti, the spokesperson of the ATLAS experiment, indicating the collective sigh of relief at what is believed to be the beginning of the end of the longest, and most expensive, search in the history of science.

The discovery of the Higgs particle will lead to a new understanding of the origin of matter in the Universe, which occurred in the smallest fraction of a second after its creation
13.4 billion years ago. Indeed, it is the key to understanding the existence of diversity and life in the Universe.

Physicists believe that the Higgs particle has been spotted at the world's largest and most expensive laboratory- 27 km in circumference, 100 m below ground, straddling the border of France and Switzerland. The Large Hadron Collider, a multi-billion-dollar array of machines, is run by a pan- European organisation called CERN in Geneva. This is where, among other things, the World Wide Web was invented. Now it is the scene of another ground-breaking event. The world has been waiting for over 40 years since professor Peter Higgs, currently at the University of Edinburgh, UK, predicted the existence of Higgs particle. In recent years, "Higgs Rumors" has been one of the most popular hashtags on Twitter. .
Accordingto the standard theory, at the moment of the creation of the Universe, all particles were massless, and they all travelled at the speed oflight. A trillionth of a second after the birth of the Universe, an all-pervading invisible 'field switched on, that caused particles to acquire mass. This is known as the "Higgs field", and its only visible manifestation is the Higgs boson.

When I run on a track, I am at my fastest, but if I try to run on sand, or in water, I won't be able to get up to the same speed, even though I might exert the same energy. It is the medium, like air, sand or water, that holds me back. If a bunch of particles is given the same amount of energy, the more massive particles travel sluggishly, and the lighter particles travel at higher speeds. The only exception is the photon, the particles that make up light. Even in the Higgs field, the photon acquires no mass, and thus can travel at the maximum possible speed allowed by nature, which is... you've guessed it... the speed of light.

Inside the Large Hadron Collider, particles like protons were being accelerated to near-light speeds, and hurled at each other in the dark underground tunnels, colliding in a flash of energy, as electrons, quarks, and other more massive particles emerge. If our theories are correct, a few of these particles, including the new particle announced on July 4, will be Higgs particles. It is not clear how many kinds of particles make up the Higgs field. Various instruments that line the walls of the tunnel will help piece together the complicated jigsaw of what actually happened in the collision. The experiment will run till the end of this year, and it will take a decade for scientists to analyse the data to look for and confirm the detections of possible Higgs particles.

The Higgs boson was named the "God particle" by the Nobel-winning US physicist, Leon Lederman, since it is all- pervading and omnipresent. Scientists often use the word "God" when they borrow one of the divine characteristics attributed by various religions. Apart from understanding the nature of matter, such fundamental discoveries open up fields of research that are hard to imagine at the time. For instance, when the electron was discovered at the dawn of the 20th century, nobody imagined how today our life would be dominated by electronic devices. Only time will tell what the Higgs will lead us to.

Of the 6,000 scientists involved in the experiments, many are Indians, belonging to, among others, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in Kolkata and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai. There is a deeper connection with India. All elementary particles are divided into two kinds, fermions and bosons. The Higgs particle is a boson, named after the Indian physicist Satyendranath Bose, who, along with Albert Einstein, first described its nature, almost a century ago.

51. Which of the following is incorrect regarding the ATLAS experiment?
1) The LHC, a multi-billion-dollar array of machines, is run by CERN in Geneva.
2) The laboratory is situated one hundred metre below ground, straddling the border of Geneva and France.
3) The Higgs particle is a boson.
4) Satyendranath Bose, along with Albert Einstein, first discovered the nature of boson almost a hundred years ago.
5) All the above are correct

2) The laboratory is situated one hundred metre below ground, straddling the border of Geneva and France.

52. Why is the discovery of Higgs particle so important?
(A) It is the key to understanding the existence of life in the Universe.
(B) It will lead to a new understanding of the origin of matter in the Universe.
(C) It will help understand the existence of diversity in the universe.
1) Only (A)
2) Only (B)
3) Only (A) and (B)
4) Only (A) and (C)
5) ALL (A),(B) and (C)

5) ALL (A),(B) and (C)

53. According to the standard theory of the creation of Universe, which of the following statements is incorrect?
1) At the moment of the creation of the universe, all the particles were having very little mass.
2) All these particles travelled at the speed of light.
3) A trillionth of a second after the birth of the Universe all these particles acquired mass.
4) The invisible field which caused the particle acquire mass is called Higgs field.
5) All the above are correct

1) At the moment of the creation of the universe, all the particles were having very little mass.

54. Which of the following is/are true about the elementary particles, as mentioned in the given passage?
(A) All elementary particles are divided into two types,bosons and fermions.
(B) Boson, the Higgs particle, has been named after SN Bose.
(C) SN Bose, along with albert Einstein first, described the nature of boson about a century ago.
1) Only (A) and (B)
2) A1l (A), (B) and (C)
3) Only(C)
4) Only (B) and (C)
5) Only (A) and (C)

2) A1l (A), (B) and (C)

55. Who among the following is not associated with the discovery of the Higgs particle which will lead to a new understanding of the origin of matter in the Universe?
1) Leon Lederman
2) Fabiola Gianotti
3) Peter Higgs
4) SN Bose
5) CVRaman

5) CVRaman

56. Regarding the "God particle", which of the following is correct?
(A) The term "God" particle was coined by the US physicist Leon Lederman.
(B) Scientists use the word "God" when they find all the divine characteristics attributed by various religions.
(C) "God particle'.' is another name of Higgs boson.
1) Only (A)
2) Only (A) and (B)
3) Only (B) and (C)
4) Only (A) and (C)
5) All (A), (B) and (C)

4) Only (A) and (C)

57. The World Wide Web (www) was invented in which of the following places?
1) France
2) Switzerland
3) Geneva
4) UK
5) Germany

3) Geneva

58. In view of the experiment carried out inside the LHC, fmd out the correct statement(s).
(A) Particles like protons were accelerated to near-light speeds and hurled at each other in the dark underground tunnels.
(B) These particles collide in a flash of energy, as electrons, quarks, and other more massive particles emerge. Out of these, some particles might have been Higgs particle. .
(C) How many types of particles make up the Higgs field is not clear.
1) Only (A)
2) Only (B)
3) Only (C)
4) Only (A) and (B)
5) AII (A), (B) and (C)

5) AII (A), (B) and (C)

59. Trace out the statement which contradicts the facts mentioned in the passage.
1) It is the medium such as air, water and, sand which impedes the speed of moving objects.
2) If equal amount of energy is given to a group of objects, the lighter object moves faster.
3) The speed of photon does not get retarded in any medium.
4) Only in Higgs field the speed of photon gets retarded.
5) None of these

4) Only in Higgs field the speed of photon gets retarded.

Directions (Q. 60-62): Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the words printed in bold as used in the passage.
60. Straddling
1) stretching
2) wandering
3) strolling
4) stumbling
5) measuring

1) stretching

61. Hurled
1) pressed
2) damaged
3) threw
4) hurt
5) left

3) threw

62. Jigsaw
1) collide
2) puzzle
3) cudgel
4) strange
5) difficulty

2) puzzle

Directions (Q. 63-65): Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
63. Predicted
1) presumed
2) declared
3) stated
4) confmned
5) doubted

5) doubted

64. Pervading
1) prevailing
2) disturbing
3) non-existent
4) perceptible
5) present

3) non-existent

65. Attributed
1) discredited
2) assigned
3) contributed
4) distributed
5) referred

1) discredited

Directions (Q. 66- 75): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error' the answer is (5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
66. There are now (1) / some professions (2) / specially suited to women (3) / such as doctors, nurses and teachers (4). No error (5)

66.4; Add 'those of' after 'as'

67. India is a country of (1) /multi-lingual, multi-cultural, multi- religious (2) / people, having different customs (3) / and / practises(4). No error(5)

67.4;' Replace 'practises' with 'practices'

68. Opinion polls are held before elections (1) / ad exit polls are held after (2) / vote has been casted in order to (3) / guess the shape of things to come (4). No error (5)

68.3; Replace casted' with 'cast'

69. An applicant who is a graduate with good marks in humanities (1) / with an emphasis on English and Political science (2) / combined with an amount of general knowledge (3) / is generally accepted as a training journalist (4). No error (5)

69. 4; Replace 'training' with 'trainee'

70. In fact, tyrants in history have invariably been (1) / loveless men who does not (2) / receive love in their childhood which (3) / hardened them to become ruthless power- seekers (4) . No error (5)

70:2; Replace 'does' with 'did'

71. If love could be adopted as the guiding (1) / principle of men's lives, there would be no (2) / friction between parents and (3) / children and no exploitation of man by man (4). No error (5)
72. Medical experts have cautioned from extensive use of (1) / aluminium cookware and foils, (2) / especially for acidic mfood preparations containing (3) / tamarind, tomatoes and green leafy vegetables (4). No error (5)

72. 1; Replace 'from' with 'against'

73. The use of aluminium cooking ware (1) / should be limited and their (2) / use for making acidic food preparation (3) / should be avoided as they increase aluminium leaching into food (4). No error (5)

73. 1; Replace 'cooking ware' with 'cookware'

74. Much before the word unemployment gained currency, (1) / economists believed that (2) / general unemployment (3) / cannot prevail in a country (4). No error (5)
75. The modem opinion which is based on Keynes' view is that (1)/ if the demand for consumer goods is falling (2) / the production in the economy (3)/ will also fall (4). No error (5)

75.2; Replace 'is falling' with 'falls'

Directions (Q. 76-80): Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentences to make the sentence gramatically meaningful and correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and 'No correction is required', mark (5) as the answer.
76. Everybody does not have the intelligence to read under the lines and skim the surface.
1) to read between the lines
2) to read about the lines
3) to read of the lines
4) to read regarding the lines
5) No correction required

1) to read between the lines

77. The career graph of most successful men reveal that they are men of exceptional foresight and initiative.
1) men revealed that they are men of
2) men reveals that they are men of
3) men had revealed that they are man of
4) men reveals that they are man for
5) No correction required

2) men reveals that they are men of

78. The story of fast-running hare, who was defeated by the slow-moving tortoise, is too familiar to need elaboration.
1) no familiar to need
2) so familiar that need
3) too familiar to be needed
4) too familiar that needs
5) No correction required

5) No correction required

79. A writer should not have an unrestricted right of expression.
1) a unrestricted right of expression
2) unrestricted right to expression
3) unrestricted right for expression
4) unrestricted right for expressions
5) No correction requirede

2) unrestricted right to expression

80. Generally judicial activism is considered a much abused term in the corridors of political power.
1) a more abused term in
2) a more misused term in
3) a much misused term in
4) a much used term in
5) No correction required

5) No correction required

Directions (Q. 81-85): Below is given a single word with its meaning in different contexts as options. You have to select all those options which are synonyms of the word when the context is changed. Select the correct alternative from 1),2),3),4) and 5) which represents all those synonyms.
81. Hostile
(A) opposed
(B) hospitality
(C) belligerent
(D) friendly
1) Only (B)
2) Both (A) and (c)
3) Both (B) and (D)
4) Only (D)
5) All (A), (B), (C) and (D)

2) Both (A) and (c)

82. Must
(A) ought
(B) should
(C) had better
(D) nevertheless
1) Only (B)
2) Both (A) and (B)
3) Only (A), (B) and (C)
4) Only (A), (B) and (D)
5) All (A), (B), (C) and (D)

2) Both (A) and (B)

83. Linger
(A) settle
(B) compare
(C) loiter
(D) delay
1) Only (D)
2) Only (C) and (D)
3) Only (A) and (D)
4) Only (B), (C) and (D)
5) All (A), (B), (C) and (D)

3) Only (A) and (D)

84. Jeopardy
(A) hazard
(B) risk
(C) danger
(D) threat
1) Only (C)
2) Only (B) and (C)
3) Only (B), (C) and (D)
4) Only (A), (B) and (C)
5) All (A), (B), (C) and (D)

5) All (A), (B), (C) and (D)

85. Crusade
(A) campaign
(B) press
(C) crisis
(D) decisive
1) Only(C)
2) Only (A) and (B)
3) Only (C) and (D)
4) Only (A)
5) Only (B)

4) Only (A)

Directions (Q. 86-90): Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (0), (E) and (F) in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph, and then answer the questions given below them.

(A) The last Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, had an annual budget to pay folk artistes and he had two special dress designers employed to make costume for Sangeet.
(B) Itfinds mention inAbul Fazal's Ain-i-Akbari
(C) Naurang-e-ishq, written in 1685 by the famous Rajasthan writer Maulana Abdul Ghanimat, also mentions Nautanki.
(D) Rahasya Manzi! in Lucknow still bears testimony to the Nautankis that were performed there, sponsored by the Nawab.
(E) Nautanki, which is a form of folk theatre, with songs and dance based on classical ragas, was considered a high-class entertainment in the Mughal period.
(F) Akbar himselfwas a great cattle drummer and he, as documented history goes, used this skill for 'Swaang', as Nautanki was called in those days.

86. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
1)A
2)F
3)C
4)B
5)D

EBFCAD

Answer:- 2)F

87. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
1)B
2)A
3)C
4)D
5)E

EBFCAD

Answer5)E

88. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
1)D
2)A
3)B
4)C
5)F

EBFCAD

Answer 3)B

89. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
1)C
2)D
3)E
4)B
5)F
sentence

EBFCAD
Answer : - 1)C

90. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?
1)E
2)B
3)C
4)A
5)D

EBFCAD

Answer:- 4)A

Directions (Q. 91-100): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Discipline is (91) organizational rules and employment (92) which are necessary for the working of the organisation. Discipline (93) good superiors at all levels, clear and fair agreements and judicious (94) of penalties'.

Suppose management and labour union have entered into an agreement (95) workers have agreed to put in extra hours (96) any additional payment to (97) the company out of loss. In return the management has promised to increase the wages of the workers when this mission is (98). Here discipline, when applied, would (99)that the worker and management both (100) their commitments without any prejudice towards each other.

91.
1) non-resistance
2) obedience
3) way
4) compulsion
5) style

Answer 2) obedience

92.
1) agreement
2) option
3) requirement
4) term
5) condition

Answer 1) agreement

93.
1) requests
2) exacts
3) claims
4) requires
5) forms

Answer 4) requires

94.
1) inquiry
2) remedies
3) implications
4) application
5) decision

Answer 4) application

95.
1) then
2) nevertheless
3) whereby
4) for
5) with

Answer 3) whereby

96.
1) for
2) without
3) less
4) with
5) by

Answer 2) without

97.
1) revive
2) arrive
3) survive
4) supervise
5) mak

Answer 1) revive

98
1) done
2) reached
3) sent
4) accomplished
5) executed

Answer 4) accomplished

99.
1) mean
2) discuss
3) bring
4) say
5) explain

Answer 1) mean

100.
I) serve
2) receive
3) honour
4) oblige
5) bear

Answer 3) honour