# Reasoning Ability

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 1 - 4) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions :

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement (All the numbers are two digits numbers)
Input : tall 48 13 rise alt 99 76 32 wise jar high 28 56 bam

Step I : 13 tall 48 rise 99 76 32 wise jar high 28 56 bam alt

Step II : 28 13 tall 48 rise 99 76 32 wise jar high 56 alt bam

Step III : 32 28 13 tall 48 rise 99 76 wise jar 56 alt bam high

Step IV : 48 32 28 13 tall rise 99 76 wise 56 alt bam high jar

Step V : 56 48 32 28 13 tall 99 76 wise alt bam high jar rise

Step VI : 76 56 48 32 28 13 99 wise alt bam high jar rise tall

Step VII : 99 76 56 4832 28 13 alt bam high jar rise tall wise

and Step VII is the last step of the above input, as the desired arrangement is obtained.

As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input : 84 why sit 14 32 not best ink feet 51 27 vain 68 92
(All the numbers are two digits numbers)

1. Which step number is the following output ?
32 27 14 84 why sit not 51 vain 92 68 feet best ink
(a) Step V
(b) Step VI
(c) Step IV
(d) Step III
(e) There is no such step

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

There is no such step.

2. Which word/number would be at 5th position from the right in Step V ?
(a) 14
(b) 92
(c) feet
(d) best
(e) why

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

The word ‘best’ is at the fifth position from the right in Step V.

3. How many elements (words or numbers) are there between 'feet' and '32' as they appear in the last step of the output ?
(a) One
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) Five
(e) Seven

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

There are three elements - 27, 14 and best - between ‘feet’ and ‘32’ in the last step of the output.

4. Which of the following represents the position of 'why' in the fourth step?
(a) Eighth from the left
(b) Fifth from the right
(c) Sixth from the left
(d) Fifth from the left
(e) Seventh from the left

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

The word ‘why’ is sixth from the left and ninth from the right in the Step IV.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 5 - 11) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions :

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circle facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order.

• B sits second to left of H's husband. No female is an immediate neighbour of B.

• D's daughter sits second to right of F. F is the sister of G. F is not an immediate neighbour of H's husband.

• Only one person sits between A and F. A is the father of G. H's brother D sits to the immediate left of H's mother. Only one person sits between H's mother and E.

• Only one person sits between H and G. G is the mother of C. G is not an immediate neighbour of E.

5. What is position of A with respect to his mother-in-law ?
(a) Immediate left
(b) Third to the right
(c) Third to the left
(d) Second to the right
(e) Fourth to the left

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

A's wife is H. H's mother is B. Therefore, B is the mother-in-law of A, A is second to the right of B.

6. Who amongst the following is D's daughter ?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) E
(d) G
(e) H

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

E is the daughter of D.

7. What is the position of A with respect to his grandchild ?
(a) Immediate right
(b) Third to the right
(c) Third to the left
(d) Second to the left
(e) Fourth to the left

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

A is the father of F and G. G is the mother of C. Therefore, C is the grandchild of A. A is third to the right of C.

8. How many people sit between G and her uncle ?
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Three
(d) Four
(e) More than four

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

D is brother-in-law of A. A is father of F and G. Therefore, D is material uncle of G. There is only one person between G and D is clockwise direction.

9. Four of the following five are a like in a certain way based on the given information and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
(a) F
(b) C
(c) E
(d) H
(e) G

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Except C, all others are females.

10. Which of the following is true with respect to the given seating arrangement ?
(a) C is the cousin of E
(b) H and H's husband are immediate neighbours of each other
(c) No female is an immediate neighbour of C
(d) H's its third to left of her daughter
(e) B is the mother of H

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

B is the mother of H.

C is the nephew of E,

A is the husband of H, A is third to the left of H, Both the neighbours of C are females,

F and G are daughters of H.

11. Who sits to the immediate left of C ?
(a) F's grandmother
(b) G's son
(c) D's mother-in-law
(d) A
(e) G

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

B sits to the immediate left of C. B is grandmother of F.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 12 - 18) : In each group of questions below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two/three statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer (a) if only conclusion I follows;
Give answer (b) if only conclusion II follows;
Give answer (c) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows;
Give answer (d) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows;
Give answer (e) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

12.
Statements : Some exams are tests. No exam is a question.
Conclusions : I. No question is a test.
II. Some tests are definitely not exams.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Conclusion I : False

Conclusion II : False

13.
Statements : All forces are energies. All energies are powers. No power is heat.
Conclusions : I. Some forces are definitely not powers.
II. No heat is force.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Conclusion I : False
Conclusion II : True

14.
Statements : All forces are energies. All energies are powers. No power is heat.
Conclusions : I. No energy is heat.
II. Some forces being heat is a possibility.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

Conclusion I : True
Conclusion II : False

15.
Statements : No note is a coin. Some coins are metals. All plastics are notes.
Conclusions : I. No coin is plastic.
II. All plastics being metals is a possibility.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

Conclusion I : True
Conclusion II : True

16.
Statements : No note is a coin. Some coins are metals. All plastics are notes.
Conclusions : I. No metal is plastic.
II. All notes are plastics.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Conclusion I : False
Conclusion II : False

17.
Statements : Some symbols are figures. All symbols are graphics. No graphic is a picture.
Conclusions : I. Some graphics are figures.
II. No symbol is a picture.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

Conclusion I : True
Conclusion II : True

18.
Statements : All vacancies are jobs. Some jobs are occupations.
Conclusions : I. All vacancies are occupations.
II. All occupations being vacancies is a possibility.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Conclusion I : False
Conclusion II : False

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 19 - 21) : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions :

Each of the six friends, A, B, C, D, E and F scored different marks in an examination. C scored more than only. A and E. D scored less than only B. E did not score the least. The one who scored the third highest marks scored 81 marks. E scored 62 marks.

19. Which of the following could possibly be C's score ?
(a) 70
(b) 94
(c) 86
(d) 61
(e) 81

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

B, D, F > C > A, E

B > D > F > C > A, E

B > D > F > C > E > A

Score of F = 81

Score of E = 62

C scored more than 62 and less than 81.

62 < 70 < 81

20. Which of the following is true with respect to the given information ?
(a) D's score was definitely less than 60
(b) F scored the maximum marks
(c) Only two people scored more than C
(d) There is a possibility that B scored 79 marks
(e) None is true

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

B, D, F > C > A, E

B > D > F > C > A, E

B > D > F > C > E > A

Score of F = 81

Score of E = 62

D's score was more than 81.

B scored the maximum marks.

Three people, B , D and F scored more than C.

B scored more than 81 marks.

21. The person who scored the maximum, scored 13 marks more than F's marks. Which of the following can be D's score ?
(a) 94
(b) 60
(c) 89
(d) 78
(e) 81

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

B, D, F > C > A, E

B > D > F > C > A, E

B > D > F > C > E > A

Score of F = 81

Score of E = 62

Score of F = 81

Score of B = 81 + 13 = 94

Therefore, score of D = more than 81 and less than 94

81 < 89 < 94

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 22 - 29) : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions :

Eight persons from different banks viz. UCO bank, Syndicate bank, Canara bank, PNB, Dena Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Indian bank and Bank of Maharashtra are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C and D are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R and S are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. (All the information given above does not necessarily represent the order of seating as in the final arrangement)

• C sits second to right of the person from Bank of Maharashtra. R is an immediate neighbour of the person who faces the person from Bank of Maharashtra.

• Only one person sits between R and the person for PNB. Immediate neighbour of the person from PNB faces the person from Canara Bank.

• The person from UCO bank faces the person from Oriental Bank of Commerce. R is not from Oriental Bank of Commerce. P is not from PNB. P does not face the person from Bank of Maharashtra.

• Q faces the person from Dena bank. The one who faces S sits to the immediate left of A.

• B does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. The person from Bank of Maharashtra does not face the person from Syndicate bank.

22. Which of the following is true regarding A ?
(a) The person from UCO bank faces A
(b) The person from Bank of Maharashtra is an immediate neighbour of A
(c) A faces the person who sits second to right of R
(d) A is from Oriental Bank of Commerce
(e) A sits at one of the extreme ends of the line

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

The person from Punjab National Bank, Q faces A. B is from Bank of Maharashtra and he is a immediate neighbour of A.

A faces of person who sits second to the left of R. A is from Dena Bank.

A sits third from the left and second from the right.

23. Who is seated between R and the person from PNB ?
(a) The person from Oriental Bank of Commerce
(b) P
(c) Q
(d) The person from Syndicate bank
(e) S

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

S is seated between R and Q, the person from Punjab National Bank.

24. Who amongst the following sit at extreme ends of the rows?
(a) D and the person from PNB.
(b) The person from Indian bank and UCO bank.
(c) The person from Dena bank and P.
(d) The persons from Syndicate bank and D.
(e) C, Q

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Persons at the extreme ends : C from Canara Bank; D from Oriental Bank of Commerce; P from Syndicate Bank: R from UCO Bank.

25. Who amongst the following faces the person from Bank of Maharashtra ?
(a) The person from Indian bank
(b) P
(c) R
(d) The person from Syndicate bank
(e) The person from Canara bank

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

S from Indian Bank faces B from Bank of Maharashtra.

26. P is related to Dena bank in the same way as B is related to PNB based on the given arrangement. To who amongst the following is D related to, following the same pattern ?
(a) Syndicate bank
(b) Canara bank
(c) Bank of Maharashtra
(d) Indian bank
(e) Oriental Bank of Commerce

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

P faces the immediate neighbour of A from Dena Bank. B faces the immediate neighbour of Q from Punjab National Bank. Similarly, D faces immediate neighbour of S from Indian Bank.

27. Four of the following five are a like in a certain way based on the given seating arrangement and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
(a) Canara bank
(b) R
(c) Syndicate bank
(d) Q
(e) Oriental Bank of Commerce

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Except Q, all others are seated at the extreme ends of the lines.

28. Who amongst the following is from Syndicate bank ?
(a) C
(b) R
(c) P
(d) D
(e) A

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

P is from Syndicate Bank.

29. C is from which of the following banks ?
(a) Dena bank
(b) Oriental Bank of Commerce
(c) UCO bank
(d) Syndicate bank
(e) Canara bank

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

C is from Canara Bank.

DIRECTIONS(Qs. 30 - 34) : Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read all the three statements and —

Give answer (a) if the data in Statement I and II are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement III are not required to answer the question

Give answer (b) if the data in Statement I and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II are not required to answer the question

Give answer (c) if the data in Statement II and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I are not required to answer the question

Give answer (d) if the data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone or Statement III alone are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer (e) if the data in all the Statements I, II and III together are necessary to answer the question.

30. Among six people P, Q, R, S, T and V each lives on a different floor of a six storey building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it,number 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6).Who lives on the topmost floor ?
(I) There is only one floor between the floors on which Rand Q live. P lives on an even numbered floor.
(II) T does not live on an even numbered floor. Q lives on an even numbered floor. Q does not live on the topmost floor.
(III) S lives on an odd numbered floor. There are two floors between the floors on which S and P live. T lives on a floor immediately above R's floor.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

From statements I, II and III

Floor No. Person
6 P
5 T
4 R
3 S
2 Q
1 V
31. There are six letters W, A, R, S, N and E. Is 'ANSWER' the word formed after performing the following operations using these six letters only ?
(I) E is placed fourth to the right of A. S is not placed immediately next to either A or E.
(II) R is placed immediately next (either left or right) to E.W is placed immediately next (either left or right) to S.
(III) Both N and W are placed immediately next to S. The word does not begin with R. A is not placed immediately next to W.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

From statements I and III

1   2   3   4   5   6
A        S        E
A   N  S  W  E   R

32. Point D is in which direction with respect to Point B ?
(I) Point A is to the west of Point B. Point C is to the north of Point B. Point D is to the south of Point C.
(II) Point G is to the south of Point D. Point G is 4 m from Point B. Point D is 9 m from Point B.
(III) Point A is to the west of Point B. Point B is exactly midway between Points A and E. Point F is to the south of Point E. Point Dis to the west of Point F.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

From statements I and III

33. How is 'one' coded in the code language ?
(I) 'one of its kind' is coded as 'zo pi ko fe' and 'in kind and cash' is coded as 'ga, to ru ko'
(II) Its point for origin' is coded as 'ba le fe mi' and 'make a point clear' is coded as 'yu si mi de'
(III) 'make money and cash' is coded as 'to mi ru hy' and' money of various kind' is coded as 'qu ko zo hy'.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

34. Are all the four friends viz. A, B, C and D who are sitting around a circular table, facing the centre ?
(I) B sits second to right of D. D faces the centre. C sits to immediate right of both Band D.
(II) A sits to immediate left of B. C is not an immediate neighbour of A. C sits to immediate right of D.
(III) D is an immediate neighbour of both A and C. B sits to the immediate left of A. C sits to the immediate right of B.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

DIRECTION (Qs. 35) : Read the following information carefully and answer the question which follows :

Farmers found using chemical fertilizers in the organic-farming area of their farms would be heavily fined.

35. Which of the following statements is an assumption implicit in the given statement ? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
(a) Chemical fertilisers harm the crop.
(b) A farm's area for organic and chemical farming is different.
(c) Farmers who do not use chemical fertilizers in the chemical farming area would be penalized as well.
(d) All farmers undertake both these kinds of farming(chemical as well as organic) in their farms.
(e) Organic fertilizers are banned in the area for chemical farming.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

It is clear from the statement that a farm’s areas for organic and chemical farming are different.

DIRECTION (Qs. 36) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow:

Small brands are now looking beyond local grocery stores and are tying up with Supermarkets such as Big Bazaar to pull their business out of troubled waters.

36. Which of the following can be inferred from the given information ? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information)
(a) Merchandise of smaller brands would not be available at local grocery stores in the near future.
(b) Smaller brands cannot compete with bigger ones in a supermarket set-up.
(c) There is a perception among small brands that sale in a supermarket is higher than that of small grocery stores.
(d) Supermarkets generate more revenue by selling products of bigger brands as compared to the smaller ones.
(e) Smaller brands have always had more tie-ups with supermarkets as compared to small grocery stores.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

There is a perception among small brands that sale in a supermarket is higher than that of small grocery stores.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 37 - 40) : These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences labeled (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) as given below.

(A) A smaller brand manufacturing a certain product of quality comparable with that of a bigger brand. makes much more profit from the local grocery stores than from the supermarkets.

(B) As the supermarkets have been set up only in bigger cities at present, this step would fail to deliver results in the smaller cities.

(C) Supermarkets help the smaller brands to break into newer markets without investing substantially in distribution.

(D) Supermarkets charge the smaller brands 10% higher than the amount charged to the bigger brands.

(E) Being outnumbered by the bigger brands, visibility of the smaller brands at local grocery stores is much lower as compared to the supermarkets.

(F) Smaller brands are currently making substantial losses in their businesses.

37. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) can be assumed from the facts/ information given in the statement ? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted)
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (B)
(c) Both (B) and (C)
(d) Both (D) and (E)
(e) Only (F)

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

The statement clearly implies that smaller brands are currently making substantial losses in their businesses.Consider the term ‘‘troubled waters’’.

38. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (E) and (F) represents a disadvantage of the small grocery stores over the Supermarkets from the perspective of a smaller brand ?
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (C)
(c) Only (E)
(d) Only (F)
(e) Both (B) and (C)

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Statement (C) represents a disadvantage of the small grocery stores over the Supermarkets from the perspective of a smaller brand. Small grocery stores do not help in distribution of any brand.

39. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents a reason for the shift from local grocery stores to supermarkets by the smaller brands ?
(a) Only(A)
(b) Only (B)
(c) Only (D)
(d) Both (A) and (D)
(e) Both (C) and (E)

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

Statement (D) represents a reason for the shift from local grocery stores of supermarkets by the smaller brands.

40. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (E) and (F) mentioned above would prove that the step taken by the smaller brands (of moving to supermarkets) may not necessarily be correct ?
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (C)
(c) Only (E)
(d) Only (F)
(e) Both (B) and (E)

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

Statement(A) will prove that step taken by the smaller brands may not necessarily be correct.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 41 - 45) : In each of the questions given below which one of the five answer figures on the right should come after the problem figures on the left, if the sequence were continued?

41. PROBLEM FIGURES

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

In the subsequent figures two and three designs are inverted alternately. From problems Figure (1) to (2) the first and the second designs from the top interchange positions and the lowermost design moves to the middle position. From problem Figure (2) and (3)the lowermost design moves to the top and the second design from the top moves to the lowermost position while the third and the fourth designs interchange positions. From problem Figure (3) to (4) the topmost and the lowermost designs interchange positions and the fourth design moves to the second position. From Problem Figure (4) to (5) the topmost design moves to the fourth position, the lowermost design moves to the topmost position while the second and the third designs interchange positions. Therefore, from problem Figure (5) to Answer Figure the third and the fourth designs would interchange positions and would be inverted, the lowermost design would move to the top position and the second design from the top would move to the lowermost position.

42. PROBLEM FIGURES

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

The following changes occur in the subsequent figures:

43. PROBLEM FIGURES

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

From problem Figure (1) to (2) and from problem Figure(5) to Answer Figure the smaller square with four designs moves two steps in anticlockwise direction and the designs in each row interchange positions. The other three designs move two steps in clockwise direction.

44. PROBLEM FIGURES

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

The following changes occur in the subsequent figures:

45. PROBLEM FIGURES

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

From problem Figure (1) to (2) the plane of designs rotates through 90° clockwise and the second and the fifth designs interchange positions. Similarly,the third and the fourth designs interchange positions. Similar changes occur from Problem Figure (3) to (4) and from problem figure (5) to Answer Figure.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 46 - 50) : In each of the following questions below, the figures follow a series/sequence (like Q.41 - 45). One and only one out of the five figures does not fit in the series/sequence. The number of that figure is your answer.

46.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

The following changes occur in the subsequent figures:
(1) to (2)                           (2) to (3)
(3) to (4)                           (4) to (5)

47.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

The line segment with cross rotates respectively through 45°, 90°, 135°, 180° ... in clockwise direction.

48.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

In each subsequent figure the designs move in clockwise direction and the number of designs at a particular position is fixed. Again, a new design appears at the lower right side. In figure (4), there should be design () in the place of circle at the lower right side.

49.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

In the subsequent figures respectively one, tow, three,four ...,curves are inverted in a set order. In Figure (5) five curves have been inverted.

50.

#### View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

In the first step the outer part of upper design moves inside the lower design and new designs appear at the upper and lower positions. In the second step,the outer part of lower design moves inside the upper design and new designs appear at both the upper and lower positions. In Figure (1) there should be another design at the lower side.