# Verbal Reasoning

Directions (Q. 1-5):
Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Eight people – A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H – are sitting around a circular table. A and B are facing towards the centre while the other six people are facing away from the centre. A is sitting second to the right of H. B sits third to the left of A. D sits second to the right of G. G is immediate neighbour of neither B nor A. E and F are immediate neighbours and are facing outside.

1. What is the position of C with respect to D?
1) Third to the right
2) Third to the left
3) Fourth to the left
4) Fourth to the right
5) Second to the left

Ans.2

2. Who is sitting on the immediate right of G?
1) C
2) D
3) F
4) H
5) None of these

Ans.4

3. Which of the following pairs represents the people who are immediate neighbours of C?
1) B and G
2) B and H
3) G and H
4) D and G
5) None of these

Ans.1

4. Who is sitting third to the left of G?
1) A
2) D
3) E
4) F
5) Either E or F

Ans.5

5. How many persons are there between B and D?
l) Two
2) Four
3) Three
4) One

Ans.3

Directions (Q. 6-10):
Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below: Following are conditions for selecting Human Resources (HR) Manager in a company:

The candidate must
(i) have secured at least 55 per cent marks in the Entrance Examination.
(ii) have a Graduate Degree with at least 60 per cent marks.
(iii) have a Postgraduate Degree/Diploma in Human Resources Management/Business Management System.
(iv) be less than 30 years of age as on 01.09.2013.
(v) have secured at least 55 per cent marks in the Higher Secondary School Examination. In the case of a candidate who satisfies all conditions except

(a) (i) above, but has secured 65 per cent marks in the final semester in Management and 45 per cent marks in the Entrance Examination, will be recruited as Head HR.
(b) (v) above, but has post-qualification work experience of one year in a company and has 50 per cent marks in the Higher Secondary School Examination will be recruited as CEO of the Company.

In each question below are given details of one candidate. You have to take one of the following courses of action based on the information provided and the conditions and sub-conditions given above and mark the appropriate course of action as your answer. You are not to assume anything other than the information provided in each question. All these cases are given to you as on 01.09.2013.

6.Shiva Kumar Kamath was born on August 13, 1987 and he has completed his Postgraduation in Human Resources Management. He secured 65 per cent marks in the Entrance Examination and 60 per cent in the Higher Secondary School Examination. He completed his Graduation with 62 per cent marks.
1) Can be recruited as Head HR of the company
2) Can be recruited as Manager HR of the company
3) Data are inadequate to take a decision
4) Can be recruited as CEO of the company
5) Cannot be recruited in the company

Ans.2

7. Rahil Khan is a Postgraduate in Business Management System. He was born on April 9, 1988. He secured 64 per
cent marks in Graduation and 70 per cent marks in the Higher Secondary School Examination.

1) Can be recruited as Head HR of the company
2) Can be recruited as Manager HR of the company
3) Data are inadequate to take a decision
4) Can be recruited as CEO of the company
5) Cannot be recruited in the company

Ans.3

8. Nakul Bhatnagar was born on May 17, 1985 and is a Postgraduate in Business Management System. He secured 71 per cent marks in the final semester and 50 per cent marks in the Entrance Examination. He secured 60 per cent marks in the Higher Secondary School Examination. He completed Graduation with 63 per cent marks.
1) Can be recruited as Head HR of the company
2) Can be recruited as Manager HR of the company
3) Data are inadequate to take a decision
4) Can be recruited as CEO of the company
5) Cannot be recruited in the company

Ans.1

9. Manohar Tambe, a graduate with 58 per cent marks, was born on March 3, 1984. He holds a Postgraduate Diploma in Human Resources Management. He has been working in a company for the past two years and has 60 per cent marks in the Higher Secondary School Examination. He secured 60 per cent marks in the Entrance Examination.
1) Can be recruited as Head HR of the company
2) Can be recruited as Manager HR of the company
3) Data are inadequate to take a decision
4) Can be recruited as CEO of the company
5) Cannot be recruited in the company

Ans.5

10. Swati Shinde was born on January 1, 1986. She has a work experience of five years in Human Resources Team of Law. She secured 60 per cent marks in the Higher Secondary School Examination and 65 per cent marks in the Entrance Examination. She secured 58 per cent marks in graduation. She has completed her Diploma in Management with distinction.
1) Can be recruited as Head HR of the company
2) Can be recruited as Manager HR of the company
3) Data are inadequate to take a decision
4) Can be recruited as CEO of the company
5) Cannot be recruited in the company

Ans.5

Directions (Q. 11-15):
In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to assume everything in the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the four given conclusions logically follows from the statements, disregarding commonly known facts, and select the appropriate answer.

11.Statements:
Some numbers are digits.
All digits are alphabets.
No alphabet is a vowel.
All consonants are vowels.

Conclusions:
I. No digit is a vowel.
II.No alphabet is a consonant.
III.No vowel is a number.
IV.All vowels are numbers.

1) Only I and III follow
2) Only II and IV follow
3) Only I and II follow
4) Only I, II and III follow
5) Only I , II and either III or IV follow

Ans.3
All digits are alphabets (A) + No alphabet is a vowel (E) = A + E = E = No digit is a vowel. Hence, conclusion I follows.

No alphabet is a vowel → conversion → No vowel is an alphabet.

Now, All consonants are vowels (A) + No vowel is an alphabet (E) = A + E = E = No consononant is an alphabet (E) → conversion → No alphabet is a consonant. Hence, conclusion II follows.

Again, Some numbers are digits + All digits are alphabets = I + A = I = Some numbers are alphabets (I) + No alphabet is a vowel (E) = I + E = O = Some numbers are not vowels. Hence, conclusion III and IV do not follow

12.Statements:
All documents are files.
Some files are papers.
All papers are certificates.
No certificate is a manuscript.

Conclusions:
I.At least some documents are papers.
II.No manuscript is a document
II.At least some certificates are files.
IV.No paper is a document.

1) Only I , II and IV follow
2) Only II and III follow
3) Only I and IV follow
4) Only III follows
5) None of these

Ans.5
All documents are files (A) + Some files are papers (I)
= A + I = No conclusion. Hence, conclusion I, II and IV do not follow. However, I and conversion of IV make a complementary pair. Hence, either I or IV follows. Again Some files are papers (I) + All papers are certificates (A) = I + A = I = Some files are certificates → conversion → Some certificates are files. Hence, conclusion III follows

13.Statements:
No group is people.
All people are animals.
All animals are plants.
All plants are roots.

Conclusions:
I.No group is a plant.
II.All people are plants.
III.At least some groups are plants.
IV.All plants are groups.

1) Only II follows
2) Only I and IV follow
3) Only II and III follow
4) Only III and IV follow
5) None of these

Ans.5
All People are animals (A) + All animals are plants (A)
= A + A = A = All people are plants. Hence, conclusion II follows. Now, No group is people (E) + All people are plants (A) = E + A = O* = Some plants are not groups. Thus, conclusion I, III and IV do not follow. However, I and III make a complementary E-I pair. Hence, either I or III follows.

14.Statements:
Some jobs are vacancies.
All jobs are works.
No work is a trade.
All professions are trades.

Conclusions:
I.At least some works are jobs.
II.No vacancy is a trade.
III.No profession is a work.
IV.At least some works are professions.

1) All I, II, III and IV follow
2) Only II, III and IV follow
3) Only I and IV follow
4) None follows
5) Only I and III follow

Ans.5
All jobs are works → implication → Some works are jobs. Hence, conclusion I follows. Again, Some jobs are vacancies → conversion → Some vacancies are jobs + All jobs are works (A) = I + A = I = Some vacancies are works (I) + No work is a trade (E) = I + E = O = Some vacancies are not trades. Hence, conclusion II does not follow.

Now, No work is a trade → Conversion → No trade is a work Again, All professions are trades (A) + No trade is a
work (E) = A + E = E = No profession is a work. Hence, conclusion III follows. But conclusion IV does not follow.

15.statements:
All marks are grades.
No grade is a score.
All letters are scores.
All scores are characters.

Conclusions:
I.At least some letters are grades.
II.At least some scores are grades.
III.At least some characters are marks.
IV.Some characters are letters.

1) Only II and IV follow
2) Only IV follows
3) Only I and III follow
4) All I, II, III an

Ans.2
No grade is a score → conversion → No score is a grade. Now, All letters are scores (A) + No score is a
grade (E) = A + E = E = No letter is a grade.
Hence,conclusion I does not follow. And conclusion II does not follow from statement II. Again, All marks are grades (A) + No grade is a score (E) = A + E = E = No mark is a score (E) + All scores are characters (A) = E + A = O* = Some characters are not marks. Hence, conclusion III does not follow. But All letters are scores (A) + All scores are characters (A) = A + A = A = All letters are characters → conversion → Some characters are letters. Hence, conclusion IV follows
Directions (Q. 16-20):
Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :

Seven people – A, B, C, D, E, F and G – have different hobbies, viz Travelling, Reading, Dancing, Painting, Sculpting, Singing and Pottery making, but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them belongs to a different State, viz Punjab, Odisha, Kerala, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka, but not necessarily in the same order. A belongs to Maharashtra. D likes Pottery making. The person who likes Sculpting is from the state of Odisha. The person who likes Dancing is from the state of Gujarat. F does not belong to Gujarat, Odisha, Punjab or Rajasthan. F does not like Singing, Reading or Painting. B does not belong to Kerala, Odisha, Punjab or Rajasthan. B does not like Painting, Travelling, Reading or Singing. C does not like Sculpting and
he is not from Rajasthan or Punjab. Neither D nor G belongs to Punjab. A does not like Reading. The person from Kerala likes Singing.

16.Who among the following likes Singing?
1) A
2) C
3) E
4) G
5) Cannot be determined

Ans.2

17. Which of the following combinations is true according to the given information?
1) A – Travelling – Maharashtra
2) C – Dancing – Gujarat
3) E – Reading – Karnataka
4) D – Pottery making – Rajasthan
5) All are true

Ans.4

18.Who among the following belongs to the State of Karnataka?
1) B
2) D
3) F
4) E
5) Cannot be determined

Ans.3

19.Which of the following combinations is true about G?
1) Sculpting – Odisha
2) Pottery making – Karnataka
3) Dancing – Gujarat
4) Singing – Kerala
5) Travelling – Karnataka

Ans.1

20. The person who belongs to Punjab, likes
1) Travelling
2) Sculpting
3) Painting
4) Pottery making

Ans.5

Directions (Q. 21-25):
Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and various steps of rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers.)

Input: 11 day 34 night 93 pace 27 easy 44 joy
Step I: 93 11 day 34 night pace 27 easy 44 joy
Step II: 93 11 34 night pace 27 easy 44 joy day
Step III: 93 44 11 34 night pace 27 easy joy day
Step IV: 93 44 11 34 night pace 27 joy day easy
Step V: 93 44 34 11 night pace 27 joy day easy
Step VI: 93 44 34 11 night pace 27 day easy joy
Step VII: 93 44 34 27 11 night pace day easy joy
Step VIII: 93 44 34 27 11 pace day easy joy night
Step IX: 93 44 34 27 11 day easy joy night pace
And Step IX is the last step of the rearrangement as the desired arrangement is obtained. As per rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the questions the appropriate step for the given input

Input : class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just 88 take 38
21. What is the position of ‘war’ in Step VII?
1) Seventh from the left end
2) Eighth from the right end
3) Fifth from the left end
4) Fifth from the right end
5) Sixth from the left end

Ans.5
In the rearrangement, numbers are arranged in descending order from the left end in each alternate step, starting from Step I. And words are arranged alphabetically from the right end in each alternate step, starting from Step II.

Input: class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just 88 take 38
Step I. 88 class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38
Step II. 88 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38 class
Step III. 88 73 25 war 15 race heap 58 just take 38 class
Step IV. 88 73 25 war 15 race 58 just take 38 class heap
Step V. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race just take 38 class heap
Step VI. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race take 38 class heap just
Step VII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 race take class heap just
Step VIII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 take class heap just race
Step IX. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war take class heap just race
Step X. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war class heap just race take
Step XI. 88 73 58 38 25 15 class heap just race take war Step XI is the last step of the input

22.Which of the following is ninth from the right in Step VI?
1) race
2) 25
3) war
4) 58
5) 15

Ans.2
In the rearrangement, numbers are arranged in descending order from the left end in each alternate step, starting from Step I. And words are arranged alphabetically from the right end in each alternate step, starting from Step II.

Input: class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just 88 take 38
Step I. 88 class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38
Step II. 88 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38 class
Step III. 88 73 25 war 15 race heap 58 just take 38 class
Step IV. 88 73 25 war 15 race 58 just take 38 class heap
Step V. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race just take 38 class heap
Step VI. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race take 38 class heap just
Step VII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 race take class heap just
Step VIII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 take class heap just race
Step IX. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war take class heap just race
Step X. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war class heap just race take
Step XI. 88 73 58 38 25 15 class heap just race take war Step XI is the last step of the input

23.What is the position of ‘15′ in Step IX?
1) Seventh from the left end
2) Eighth from the left end
3) Fifth from the right end
4) Seventh from the right end
5) Eighth from the right end

Ans.4
In the rearrangement, numbers are arranged in descending order from the left end in each alternate step, starting from Step I. And words are arranged alphabetically from the right end in each alternate step, starting from Step II.

Input: class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just 88 take 38
Step I. 88 class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38
Step II. 88 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38 class
Step III. 88 73 25 war 15 race heap 58 just take 38 class
Step IV. 88 73 25 war 15 race 58 just take 38 class heap
Step V. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race just take 38 class heap
Step VI. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race take 38 class heap just
Step VII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 race take class heap just
Step VIII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 take class heap just race
Step IX. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war take class heap just race
Step X. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war class heap just race take
Step XI. 88 73 58 38 25 15 class heap just race take war Step XI is the last step of the input

24.How man y steps ar e requir ed to complete th is arrangement?
1) Eleven
2) Twelve
3) Ten
4) Nine
5) None of these

Ans.1
In the rearrangement, numbers are arranged in descending order from the left end in each alternate step, starting from Step I. And words are arranged alphabetically from the right end in each alternate step, starting from Step II.

Input: class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just 88 take 38
Step I. 88 class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38
Step II. 88 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38 class
Step III. 88 73 25 war 15 race heap 58 just take 38 class
Step IV. 88 73 25 war 15 race 58 just take 38 class heap
Step V. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race just take 38 class heap
Step VI. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race take 38 class heap just
Step VII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 race take class heap just
Step VIII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 take class heap just race
Step IX. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war take class heap just race
Step X. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war class heap just race take
Step XI. 88 73 58 38 25 15 class heap just race take war Step XI is the last step of the input

25.Which of the following represents Step X?
1) 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 race take class heap just
2) 88 73 58 38 25 15 class heap just race take war
3) 88 73 58 38 25 15 war class heap just race take
4) 88 73 58 38 25 15 war take class heap just race
5) There is no such step

Ans.3
In the rearrangement, numbers are arranged in descending order from the left end in each alternate step, starting from Step I. And words are arranged alphabetically from the right end in each alternate step, starting from Step II.

Input: class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just 88 take 38
Step I. 88 class 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38
Step II. 88 25 war 15 race 73 heap 58 just take 38 class
Step III. 88 73 25 war 15 race heap 58 just take 38 class
Step IV. 88 73 25 war 15 race 58 just take 38 class heap
Step V. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race just take 38 class heap
Step VI. 88 73 58 25 war 15 race take 38 class heap just
Step VII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 race take class heap just
Step VIII. 88 73 58 38 25 war 15 take class heap just race
Step IX. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war take class heap just race
Step X. 88 73 58 38 25 15 war class heap just race take
Step XI. 88 73 58 38 25 15 class heap just race take war Step XI is the last step of the input

Directions (Q. 26-30):
In the following questions, the symbols ©, #, @,and \$ are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:
‘P © Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’.
‘P # Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’.
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’

‘P Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’
‘P \$ Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’
Now, in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find wh ich of the conclusions given below them are definitely true.

26. Statements:
A N, S \$ N, S □ W, W © R

Conclusions:
I. R \$ A
II. S □ R
III. S A
IV. W © A
1) Only I and II are true
2) Only II, III and IV are true
3) None is true
4) All I, II, III and IV are true
5) None of these

Ans.3
Given statement:
A > N … (i)
S

N … (ii)
S > W … (iii)
W

R … (iv)
Combining all these statements
A > N

S > W

R
Thus, we can’t compare R and A. Hence I is not true.
Again, we can’t compare R and S, or S and A. Hence,
27. Statements:
D # E, E © T, T @ C, C # A
Conclusions:
I. D # A
II. C © D
III. A E
IV. T # A
1) Only I, III and IV are true
2) Only I, II and IV are true
3) Only I, II and III are true
4) Only I and III are true
5) All I, II, III and IV are true

Ans.1
Given statements: D < E … (i)
E ≤ T … (ii)
T = C … (iii)
C < A … (iv)
Combining all these statements, we get
D < E ≤ T = C < A
Thus, D < A is true. Hence, I is true.
Again, D < C is true. Hence, II (C ≤ D) is not true.
E < A or A > E is true. Hence, III is true.
And T < A is true. Hence IV is true.
28. Statements:
O \$ B, B @ S, S # E, E © R
Conclusions:

II.R □ S
II.
B # R
IV.
B # E
1) Only I and II are true
2) Only III is true
3) Only I, III and IV are true
4) All I, II, III and IV are true
5) Only III and IV are true

Ans.4
Given statements: O  B … (i)
B = S … (ii)
S < E … (iii)
E ≥ R … (iv)
Combining all these statements, we get
O ≥ B = S < E ≤ R
Thus, O ≥ S or S ≤ O is true. Hence, conclusion I is
true. Again, S < R or R > S is true. Hence, conclusion
II is true. B < R is true. Hence, conclusion III is true.
And B < E is true. Hence, conclusion IV is true.

29.Statements:
D © S, S □ P, P \$ I, P @ T
Conclusions:
I.P # D
II.P \$ T
III.T # S
1) Only I and III are true
2) Only III is true
3) Only III and IV are true
4) Only II, III and IV are true

5) Only I, III and IV are true

Ans.2
Given statements: D ≤ S … (i)
S > P … (ii)
P ≥ I … (iii)
P = T … (iv)
Combining all these statements, we get
D ≤ S > P = T ≥ I
Thus, we can’t compare P and D, or I and D. Hence,
conclusions I and IV are not true. Again, P = T is true.
Hence, conclusion II (P ≥ T) is not true. And S > T or
T < S is true. Hence, conclusion III is true.

30. Statements:

U @ N, N \$ F, F \$ A , A □ R
Conclusions:
I. A @ U
II. N □ R

III. R © U

IV. U □ A
1) Only II is true
2) Only I and II are true
3) Only I, II and IV are true
4) Only III and IV are true

5) Only II and either I or IV are true

Ans.5
Given statements: U = N … (i)
N ≥ F … (ii)
F ≥ A … (iii)
A > R … (iv)
Combining all these statements, we get
U = N ≥  F ≥  A > R
Thus N > R is true. Hence, conclusion II is true. Again
U > R is true.
Question.31
How many 3-digit numbers can be formed using the 4th, 7th and 9th digit of the number 937862541, each of which is completely divisible by 7?
l) None
2) One
3) Two
4) Three
5) More than three
Ans.3
4th digit = 8
7th digit = 5
9th digit = 1
Hence, the numbers formed will be 158, 185, 518, 815, 851 and 581 but only 581 and 518 are completely divisible by 7. Thus, there are only two numbers
Question.32
Point R is 10 metres north of point A. Point K is exactly in the middle of the points R and A. Point N is 7 metres east
of point A. Point M is 7 metres east of point K. Point S is 6 metres north of point M. What is the distance between
points S and N ?
1) 13 metres
2) 16 metres
3) 11 metres
4) 12 metres
5) None of these

Ans.3

SN = SM + MN

6 + 5 (∵  MN = KA) = 11 metres

Question.33
In a certain code language the word COSTLY is written as WORVMF and the word PRAISE is written as CVGDPS. How will the word SOCCER be written in that code language?
1) PHAFMV
2) BJWQRA
3) PGAENU
4) AKXPSB
5) None of these
Ans.1

Question.34
In a certain code language ‘he was not absent’ is written as ‘ja si fe ra’; ‘absent case was not’ is written as ‘ga fe ja ra’; and ‘no one was absent’ is written as ‘da ge ra fe’. What does ‘si’ stand for ?
1) was
2) not
3) one
4) he

5) case

Ans.4
he was not absent    →   ja si fe ra … (i)
absent case was not  →   ga fe ja ra … (ii)
no one was absent     →   da ge ra fe … (iii)
From (i), (ii) and (iii), absent/was  →fe/ra … (iv)
From (i) and (ii), not  → ja … (v) From (i), (iv) and
(v) he  →  si
Question.35

Eight persons – M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T – are sitting around a circular table facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. N sits second to the left of M. Three persons are sitting between N and S. P is the immediate neighbour of S. R and N are not immediate eighbours. O sits second to the left of P. Only three persons sit between R and O. Who among the following is sitting third to the right of R ?
1) Q
2) N
3) T
4) M

5) O

Ans.2

Question.36
In a certain code language DHIE is written as WSRV and AEFB is written as ZVUY. How will GKLH be written in that code language ?
1) SQNR
2) TQMP
3) TRDO
4) TPOS
5) None of these
Ans.4
Position of letters in the code are corresponding positions from the right end of the alphabet. Thus,

Question.37
Six persons – A, B, C, D, E and F – live on six different floors of a building. The ground floor is numbered 1, the
floor above it is numbered 2 and so on. C lives on the floor immediately below the floor of A. E lives on the floor immediately below the floor of D. Three persons live between the floors of F and E. B does not live on the topmost floor. A does not live on any of the floors below D. E and F live on even-numbered floors. Who lives on the 5th floor ?
1) A
2) C
3) D
4) F
5) B

Ans.1

Question.38
A certain mount was distributed among six persons – A, B, C, D, E and F. B received more than only A. F received more than B. F received less than C. E received more than C but he did not get the highest amount. Who among the following received less amount than C?
1) A, F
2) A, B
3) B, F
4) A, B, F
5) None of these
Ans.4
D > E > C > F > B > A
Directions (Q. 39-40):
Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:
39. Who is the daughter-in-law of B?
I. I is brother of D. S is wife of J’s nephew.
II. R is brother of N. T is son of N. S is mother of T.
III. B is wife of D. D is father of N. D has two children.
1) Only I and III
2) All I, II and III are required to answer the question
3) Only II and III
4) Question cannot be answered even with all I, II and III
5) Only I and II

Ans.4

40. How many students are there in the class?
I . There are more than 22 but less than 36 students in the class.
II. If the students of the class are divided into groups, each group has exactly 11 students.
III. There are more than 29 but less than 45 students in  the class.
1) Only I and II
2) Only II and either I or III are required to answer the question
3) Only II and III

4) All I, II and III are required to answer the question
5) All I, II and III are not sufficient to answer the question

Ans.2
From I. 22 < No. of students < 36
From II. No. of students = 11n, where n is a natural.
From III. 29 < No. of students < 45
From I and II. No. of students = 33
Question.41
Many sociologists have argued that there is a functional relationship between education and economic systems. They point to the fact that mass formal education began in industrial society and is an established part of all industrial societies. Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?
1) Formal education has suffered a setback due to industrial society.
2) Industrial society is responsible for expansion of education at the mass level.
3) Formal education can be traced to industrial society.
4) Industrial society changed the pattern of education.
5) None of these
Ans.4
From the given statements, it is clear that mass formal education began in industrial society, so industrial society is responsible for changing the pattern of education.
Question.42
Statements: A country X has no national gun act. There is no firearms control and licensing mechanism in the
country. The general public is free to acquire gun. The people require arms for their safety. This has ultimately
increased the crime rate considerably in the country. Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?
1) It is not necessary to license gun or firearms.
2) The gun or firearms act is opposed by the people of the country.
3) Th e Government should make all necessary arrangements to enact firearms act.
4) Many countries in the world have no firearms act
5) None of these
Ans.3
The Government should make all necesssary arrangements to enact firearms act. Firearms should not be let free because they increase crimes in the country.

Question.43
Statement:
According to a survey conducted by a magazine Pulse , College XYZ ranked best among all the
MBA institutes in the country. Which of the following statements substantiates the fact expressed in the above statement?
1) A large number of students of College XYZ find better placement after completing their course.
2) There are man y institutes which have better infrastructure than College XYZ.
3) The rate of enrolment in College XYZ has come down in recent years.
4) Majority of the institutes have contradicted the findings of the magazine Pulse.
5) None of these

Question.44
Statements: There are several types of wrist watches in the world. A new type of digital wrist watch has been
introduced in the market which can calculate the life span of a person. The wrist watch stops when the person
dies. Which of the following can be concluded
from the facts given in the statements?
1) This could lead to chaos and confusion in the world
2) A person can know how long his life is left and he could live his life happily.
3) The new wrist watch has altered the life pattern of the people.
4) The statement implies that death is certain.
5) None of these
Ans.4
The wrist watch calculates the life span of a person. But when the person dies the wrist watch stops. It means the statement says that death is certain. Hence, option 4) follows.
Question.45
Statements: The United States-based FMCG company has developed a new deodorant. The company selected a mediaperson couple for its promotion and marketing. They marketed it through television, radio, print, hoarding and social media. Which of the assumptions is implicit in the above statements? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted)
1) People do not pay heed to advertisements and buy such goods as are available easily.
2) Marketing through electronic media has not proved to be very effective.
3) People want to see film stars and famous sports personality in the advertisement of an FMCG product.
4) Some people may tend to buy the deodorant of the United States-based FMCG company.
5) None of these
Ans.4
It is with prospective customers in mind that marketing campaigns are launched.
Question.46
46. Statement: The luxury car manufacturer Phantom has increased the price of its stunning, fastest limousine car
by about 45 per cent. Which of the following can be the best possible reason for the above step taken by the car manufacturer?
1) The government is planning to review taxes on the raw materials for manufacturing cars.
2) The car sales market is going through a jubilant phase as the volume of sales has picked up considerably in the recent past.
3) The limousine car is the best in its segment and no other car is posing any challenge to this car.
4) Car buyers prefer to buy limousine car as it provides efficient after-sales service.
5) None of these

Ans.5
The reason for such a steep hike in prices must be a rise in input prices. Only choice 1 talks about such a rise – increase in taxes on raw materials. However,note that the govt is still planning to review taxes. And actual prices are not increased on mere anticipation.

Question.47
47. Statement: Experts define social entrepreneurship as such that pursues opportunities to serve the mission to give solutions to social problems. Business entrepreneurs
typically measure performance in profit and return. Which of the following can be concluded from the above statements?
1) It is possible to address social problems while making business profitable.
2) Social entrepreneurship is different from business entrepreneurship.
3) Business entrepreneurship does not care about social problems while devising its business policy.
4) Business entrepreneurship is more important than social entrepreneurship.
5) None of these

Ans.3
The two entrepreneurship have different approaches.
Question.48
48. Statement: A first-past-the-post election is one that is won by the candidate with more votes than others. Highest vote, majority vote and plurality voting system use a first-past-the-post voting method but there are subtle differences in the method of execution. Which of the following can be the best reason for the assertion made in the above statement?
1) It is not possible to execute the plurality voting system.
2) The plurality voting system uses a very complex procedure so it is not a practical approach.
3) A system which is simple gets wide acceptance.
4) The method is not so important in electing a candidate.
5) None of these

Ans.3
A system which is simple is preferred by majority of people.
Question.49
49. Statement: According to a survey, innumerable diseases and unhealthy habits from the recent pandemic to cancer, AIDS and obesity have plagued mankind. Which of the following may be the most plausible cause of the situation given in the above statements ?
1) The lifestyle and food habits of people are responsible for this state.
2) Environmental degradation has led to the present situation.
3) People remain ignorant about their health.
4) Technological advancement and fast pace of life are contributing to the spread of diseases.
5) None of these

Ans.1
Cancer, AIDS and obesity have lifestyle and food habits as their causes, among other things.
Question.50
50. Statements: The ‘X’ finance company has launched a new tractor loan scheme. It has brought prosperity among the farmers.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statements? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
1) The prosperity of farmers solely depends upon the tractor loan scheme.
2) Tractor is an important input for farmers to enhance the farm activities.
3) Earlier there was no tractor loan scheme for farmers.
4) Farmers do not prefer to take loans for buying tractors.
5) None of these

Ans.2
Tractor is important for the farmers to carry out a host of farm activities. Therefore, the Finance Minister has launched a new tractor loan scheme.
Question.31
How many 3-digit numbers can be formed using the 4th, 7th and 9th digit of the number 937862541, each of which is completely divisible by 7?
l) None
2) One
3) Two
4) Three
5) More than three
Ans.3
4th digit = 8
7th digit = 5
9th digit = 1
Hence, the numbers formed will be 158, 185, 518, 815, 851 and 581 but only 581 and 518 are completely divisible by 7. Thus, there are only two numbers
Question.32
Point R is 10 metres north of point A. Point K is exactly in the middle of the points R and A. Point N is 7 metres east
of point A. Point M is 7 metres east of point K. Point S is 6 metres north of point M. What is the distance between
points S and N ?
1) 13 metres
2) 16 metres
3) 11 metres
4) 12 metres
5) None of these

Ans.3

SN = SM + MN

6 + 5 (∵  MN = KA) = 11 metres

Question.33
In a certain code language the word COSTLY is written as WORVMF and the word PRAISE is written as CVGDPS. How will the word SOCCER be written in that code language?
1) PHAFMV
2) BJWQRA
3) PGAENU
4) AKXPSB
5) None of these
Ans.1

Question.34
In a certain code language ‘he was not absent’ is written as ‘ja si fe ra’; ‘absent case was not’ is written as ‘ga fe ja ra’; and ‘no one was absent’ is written as ‘da ge ra fe’. What does ‘si’ stand for ?
1) was
2) not
3) one
4) he

5) case

Ans.4
he was not absent    →   ja si fe ra … (i)
absent case was not  →   ga fe ja ra … (ii)
no one was absent     →   da ge ra fe … (iii)
From (i), (ii) and (iii), absent/was  →fe/ra … (iv)
From (i) and (ii), not  → ja … (v) From (i), (iv) and
(v) he  →  si
Question.35

Eight persons – M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T – are sitting around a circular table facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. N sits second to the left of M. Three persons are sitting between N and S. P is the immediate neighbour of S. R and N are not immediate eighbours. O sits second to the left of P. Only three persons sit between R and O. Who among the following is sitting third to the right of R ?
1) Q
2) N
3) T
4) M

5) O

Ans.2

Question.36
In a certain code language DHIE is written as WSRV and AEFB is written as ZVUY. How will GKLH be written in that code language ?
1) SQNR
2) TQMP
3) TRDO
4) TPOS
5) None of these
Ans.4
Position of letters in the code are corresponding positions from the right end of the alphabet. Thus,

Question.37
Six persons – A, B, C, D, E and F – live on six different floors of a building. The ground floor is numbered 1, the
floor above it is numbered 2 and so on. C lives on the floor immediately below the floor of A. E lives on the floor immediately below the floor of D. Three persons live between the floors of F and E. B does not live on the topmost floor. A does not live on any of the floors below D. E and F live on even-numbered floors. Who lives on the 5th floor ?
1) A
2) C
3) D
4) F
5) B

Ans.1

Question.38
A certain mount was distributed among six persons – A, B, C, D, E and F. B received more than only A. F received more than B. F received less than C. E received more than C but he did not get the highest amount. Who among the following received less amount than C?
1) A, F
2) A, B
3) B, F
4) A, B, F
5) None of these
Ans.4
D > E > C > F > B > A
Directions (Q. 39-40):
Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:
39. Who is the daughter-in-law of B?
I. I is brother of D. S is wife of J’s nephew.
II. R is brother of N. T is son of N. S is mother of T.
III. B is wife of D. D is father of N. D has two children.
1) Only I and III
2) All I, II and III are required to answer the question
3) Only II and III
4) Question cannot be answered even with all I, II and III
5) Only I and II

Ans.4

40. How many students are there in the class?
I . There are more than 22 but less than 36 students in the class.
II. If the students of the class are divided into groups, each group has exactly 11 students.
III. There are more than 29 but less than 45 students in  the class.
1) Only I and II
2) Only II and either I or III are required to answer the question
3) Only II and III

4) All I, II and III are required to answer the question
5) All I, II and III are not sufficient to answer the question

Ans.2
From I. 22 < No. of students < 36
From II. No. of students = 11n, where n is a natural.
From III. 29 < No. of students < 45
From I and II. No. of students = 33
Question.41
Many sociologists have argued that there is a functional relationship between education and economic systems. They point to the fact that mass formal education began in industrial society and is an established part of all industrial societies. Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?
1) Formal education has suffered a setback due to industrial society.
2) Industrial society is responsible for expansion of education at the mass level.
3) Formal education can be traced to industrial society.
4) Industrial society changed the pattern of education.
5) None of these
Ans.4
From the given statements, it is clear that mass formal education began in industrial society, so industrial society is responsible for changing the pattern of education.
Question.42
Statements: A country X has no national gun act. There is no firearms control and licensing mechanism in the country. The general public is free to acquire gun. The people require arms for their safety. This has ultimately increased the crime rate considerably in the country. Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?
1) It is not necessary to license gun or firearms.
2) The gun or firearms act is opposed by the people of the country.
3) Th e Government should make all necessary arrangements to enact firearms act.
4) Many countries in the world have no firearms act
5) None of these
Ans.3
The Government should make all necesssary arrangements to enact firearms act. Firearms should not be let free because they increase crimes in the country.

Question.43
Statement:
According to a survey conducted by a magazine Pulse , College XYZ ranked best among all the
MBA institutes in the country. Which of the following statements substantiates the fact expressed in the above statement?
1) A large number of students of College XYZ find better placement after completing their course.
2) There are man y institutes which have better infrastructure than College XYZ.
3) The rate of enrolment in College XYZ has come down in recent years.
4) Majority of the institutes have contradicted the findings of the magazine Pulse.
5) None of these

Question.44
Statements: There are several types of wrist watches in the world. A new type of digital wrist watch has been introduced in the market which can calculate the life span of a person. The wrist watch stops when the person dies. Which of the following can be concluded from the facts given in the statements?
1) This could lead to chaos and confusion in the world
2) A person can know how long his life is left and he could live his life happily.
3) The new wrist watch has altered the life pattern of the people.
4) The statement implies that death is certain.
5) None of these
Ans.4
The wrist watch calculates the life span of a person. But when the person dies the wrist watch stops. It means the statement says that death is certain. Hence, option 4) follows.
Question.45
Statements: The United States-based FMCG company has developed a new deodorant. The company selected a mediaperson couple for its promotion and marketing. They marketed it through television, radio, print, hoarding and social media. Which of the assumptions is implicit in the above statements? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted)
1) People do not pay heed to advertisements and buy such goods as are available easily.
2) Marketing through electronic media has not proved to be very effective.
3) People want to see film stars and famous sports personality in the advertisement of an FMCG product.
4) Some people may tend to buy the deodorant of the United States-based FMCG company.
5) None of these
Ans.4
It is with prospective customers in mind that marketing campaigns are launched.
Question.46
46. Statement: The luxury car manufacturer Phantom has increased the price of its stunning, fastest limousine car
by about 45 per cent. Which of the following can be the best possible reason for the above step taken by the car manufacturer?
1) The government is planning to review taxes on the raw materials for manufacturing cars.
2) The car sales market is going through a jubilant phase as the volume of sales has picked up considerably in the recent past.
3) The limousine car is the best in its segment and no other car is posing any challenge to this car.
4) Car buyers prefer to buy limousine car as it provides efficient after-sales service.
5) None of these

Ans.5
The reason for such a steep hike in prices must be a rise in input prices. Only choice 1 talks about such a rise – increase in taxes on raw materials. However,note that the govt is still planning to review taxes. And actual prices are not increased on mere anticipation.

Question.47
47. Statement: Experts define social entrepreneurship as such that pursues opportunities to serve the mission to give solutions to social problems. Business entrepreneurs
typically measure performance in profit and return. Which of the following can be concluded from the above statements?
1) It is possible to address social problems while making business profitable.
2) Social entrepreneurship is different from business entrepreneurship.
3) Business entrepreneurship does not care about social problems while devising its business policy.
4) Business entrepreneurship is more important than social entrepreneurship.
5) None of these

Ans.3
The two entrepreneurship have different approaches.
Question.48
48. Statement: A first-past-the-post election is one that is won by the candidate with more votes than others. Highest vote, majority vote and plurality voting system use a first-past-the-post voting method but there are subtle differences in the method of execution. Which of the following can be the best reason for the assertion made in the above statement?
1) It is not possible to execute the plurality voting system.
2) The plurality voting system uses a very complex procedure so it is not a practical approach.
3) A system which is simple gets wide acceptance.
4) The method is not so important in electing a candidate.
5) None of these

Ans.3
A system which is simple is preferred by majority of people.
Question.49
49. Statement: According to a survey, innumerable diseases and unhealthy habits from the recent pandemic to cancer, AIDS and obesity have plagued mankind. Which of the following may be the most plausible cause of the situation given in the above statements ?
1) The lifestyle and food habits of people are responsible for this state.
2) Environmental degradation has led to the present situation.
3) People remain ignorant about their health.
4) Technological advancement and fast pace of life are contributing to the spread of diseases.
5) None of these

Ans.1
Cancer, AIDS and obesity have lifestyle and food habits as their causes, among other things.
Question.50
50. Statements: The ‘X’ finance company has launched a new tractor loan scheme. It has brought prosperity among the farmers.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statements? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
1) The prosperity of farmers solely depends upon the tractor loan scheme.
2) Tractor is an important input for farmers to enhance the farm activities.
3) Earlier there was no tractor loan scheme for farmers.
4) Farmers do not prefer to take loans for buying tractors.
5) None of these