Reasoning Ability

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 1 - 5) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

P, Q , R, S, T, V and W are seven students of a school. Each of them studies in different standard from Standard IV to Standard X not necessarily in the same order. Each of them has favourite subject from English,Science, History,Geography, Mathematics, Hindi and Sanskrit not necessarily in the same order.

Q studies in VII Standard and does not like either Mathematics or Geography. R likes English and does not study either in V or in IX. T studies in VIII Standard and likes Hindi. The one who likes Science studies in X Standard. S studies in IV Standard. W likes Sanskrit. P does not study in X Standard. The one who likes Geography studies in V Standard.

1. In which standard does W study?
(a) VII
(b) IX
(c) X
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Student Standard Favourite Subject
P V Geography
Q VII History
R VI English
S IV Mathematics
T VIII Hindi
V X Science
W IX Sanskrit

W studies in Standard IX.

2. Which subject does P like?
(a) Geography
(b) Mathematics
(c) English
(d) History
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

Student Standard Favourite Subject
P V Geography
Q VII History
R VI English
S IV Mathematics
T VIII Hindi
V X Science
W IX Sanskrit

P likes Geography.

3. Which subject does S like?
(a) History
(b) Geography
(c) Mathematics
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

Student Standard Favourite Subject
P V Geography
Q VII History
R VI English
S IV Mathematics
T VIII Hindi
V X Science
W IX Sanskrit

S likes Mathematics.

4.In which standard does P study?
(a) IV
(b) VII
(c) IX
(d) X
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

Student Standard Favourite Subject
P V Geography
Q VII History
R VI English
S IV Mathematics
T VIII Hindi
V X Science
W IX Sanskrit

P studies in Standard V.

5.Which of the following combinations of student-standard-subject is correct?
(a) T -VIII -Mathematics
(b) W-VII -Sanskrit
(c) Q -VII -Geography
(d) V -X -Science
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Student Standard Favourite Subject
P V Geography
Q VII History
R VI English
S IV Mathematics
T VIII Hindi
V X Science
W IX Sanskrit

The Combination V-X-Scienceis correct.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 6-10) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

(i) A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are eight students each having a different height.
(ii) D is shorter than A but taller than G.
(iii) E is taller than H but shorter than C.
(iv) B is shorter than D but taller than F.
(v) C is shorter than G.
(vi) G is not as tall as F.

6.Which of the following is definitely false?
(a) G is shorter than F
(b) C is shorter than F
(c) F is taller than C
(d) B is taller than E
(e) All are true

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

(i) A > D > G

(ii) C > E > H

(iii) D > B >F

(iv) G > C

(v) F > G

From all the statements

A > D > B > F > G > C > E > H

All statements are true.

7.If another student J who is taller than E but shorter than G is added to the group, which of the following will be definitely true?
(a) C and J are of same height
(b) J is shorter than D
(c) J is shorter than H
(d) J is taller than A
(e) None of this

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

(i) A > D > G

(ii) C > E > H

(iii) D > B > F

(iv) G > C

(v) F > G

From all the statements

A > D > B > F > G > C > E > H

$\underset{J}{\leftrightarrow}$

It is not clear whether C and J are of same height,But,J is definitely shorter than D.

8.Which of the following will definitely be the third from top when the eight students are arranged in descending order of height?
(a) B
(b) F
(c) G
(d) B or G
(e) Cannot be determined

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

(i) A > D > G

(ii) C > E > H

(iii) D > B > F

(iv) G > C

(v) F > G

From all the statements

A > D > B > F > G > C > E > H

A > D > B > F.......
3rd from top

9.How many of them are definitely shorter than F ?

(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Five
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

(i) A > D > G

(ii) C > E > H

(iii) D > B > F

(iv) G > C

(v) F > G

From all the statements

A > D > B > F > G > C > E > H

G, C, E and H are shorter than F.

10.Which of the following is redundant to answer all the above questions?
(a) (ii) only
(b) (ii) and (iii) only
(c) (iii) and (iv) only
(d) (i) and (v) only
(e) All are necessary to answer the above questions

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

(i) A > D > G

(ii) C > E > H

(iii) D > B > F

(iv) G > C

(v) F > G

From all the statements

A > D > B > F > G > C > E > H

All the statements are necessary to answers the question.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 11-15) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions :
In a certain code language :
"demand and supply market" is written as"pa ni de re"
"market needs more demand" is written as"de ja ni fe"
"supply demand is related" is written as "le de re ab"
"more related to economics" is written as"ka ha ab ja"

11.What is the code for 'economics' ?
(a) ab
(b) ka
(c) ha
(d) ja
(e) Either 'ka' or 'ha'

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

Hence, codes are :
demand ⇒ de needs ⇒ fe
and ⇒ pa more ⇒ ja
supply ⇒ re is ⇒ le
market ⇒ ni related ⇒ a b
to ⇒ ka or ha economics ⇒ ka or ha

The codes for economics is either ‘ka or ‘ha’.

12.Which of the following represents 'supply related market' ?
(a) ab ni de
(b) ni re ab
(c) pa ni re
(d) de ab ni
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Hence, codes are :
demand ⇒ de needs ⇒ fe
and ⇒ pa more ⇒ ja
supply ⇒ re is ⇒ le
market ⇒ ni related ⇒ a b
to ⇒ ka or ha economics ⇒ ka or ha

supply ⇒ re
related ⇒ ab
market ⇒ ni

13.What is the code for 'more' ?
(a) fe
(b) ni
(c) de
(d) ja
(e) Cannot be determined

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Hence, codes are :
demand ⇒ de needs ⇒ fe
and ⇒ pa more ⇒ ja
supply ⇒ re is ⇒ le
market ⇒ ni related ⇒ a b
to ⇒ ka or ha economics ⇒ ka or ha

The code for more is ‘ja

14.Which of the following may represent "market needs more customers" ?
(a) fe ja ni sa
(b) ja ni de ab
(c) ni ja ka pa
(d) pa ni fe re
(e) le re ni ja

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

Hence, codes are :
demand ⇒ de needs ⇒ fe
and ⇒ pa more ⇒ ja
supply ⇒ re is ⇒ le
market ⇒ ni related ⇒ a b
to ⇒ ka or ha economics ⇒ ka or ha

market ⇒ ni
needs ⇒ fe
more ⇒ ja
The code for customers may be ‘sa;.

15.What is the code for 'needs' ?
(a) ni
(b) fe
(c) pa
(d) le
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Hence, codes are :
demand ⇒ de needs ⇒ fe
and ⇒ pa more ⇒ ja
supply ⇒ re is ⇒ le
market ⇒ ni related ⇒ a b
to ⇒ ka or ha economics ⇒ ka or ha

The code for ‘needs’ is fe.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 16-20) : In these questions relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions.
Give answer (a) if only conclusion I is true.
Give answer (b) if only conclusion II is true.
Give answer (c) if only conclusion I or II is true.
Give answer (d) if neither conclusion I nor II is true.
Give answer (e) if both conclusion I and II are true.

16.Statements :

$E\geq F = G; I = T; T\leq G$

Conclusion:

I. I < E
II. I = E

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

$E \geq F=G\geq T=I$

Conclusion:

I. I < E : Not True
II. I = E : Not True

I is either smaller than or equal to E. Therefore, either conclusion I or II follows.

17.Statement:

G > H F; H > J

conclusion

I. J < G
II. F < H

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

G > H F

H > J

G > H > J

J < H< T

Conclusion:

I. J < G : True

II. F < H : Not True

So only conclusion I follows

18.Statement:

V > W < X; X X

Conclusion

I. Z > V
II. Y > W

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

V > W < X W < X < Z

Conclusions :

I. Z > V : Not True

II. Y < W : True

So only conclusion II is true.

19.Statement:

M > N > P; O > P; S < P

Conclusion:

I. S < M
II. O < M

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

M > N > P

O > P

S

N > P N > P > S

O > P > S

Conclusions :

I. S < M : True

II. O < M : Not True

20.Statement:

A > E > F; G > F; M > A

Conclusion:

I. M > E
II. G < A

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a
M > A > E > F < G

Conclusions:

I. M > E : True

II. G < A : Not True

21. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group
(a) Paper
(b) Pencil
(c) Pen
(d) Marker
(e) Highlighter

"View

Ans.a

Except Paper, all others are writing materials. We write or mark something on paper.

22. In a row of children facing North, Shweta is fifteenth from the left and Jyoti is third to the left of Shweta. Ram who is seventh to the right of Jyotiis fifth from the right end of the row. What is Shweta's position from the right end ?
(a) 12th
(b) 10th
(c) 8th
(d) 9th
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Total number of children in the row = 19 + 5 – 1 =23
Shweta’s position from right end
= 23 –15 + 1 = 9th

23. If it is possible to make only one meaningful word from the first, the fifth, the seventh, the eighth and the eleventh letters of the word DEPARTMENTAL, first letter of the word is your answer.If more than one such word can be formed, your answer is 'X'and if no such word can be formed, your answer is 'Y
(a) A
(b) D
(c) R
(d) X
(e) Y

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

Specified letters Þ D , R , M , E , A ,Meaningful word Þ DREAM

24. Boys and girls are sitting in a row in audience in front of a stage which faces North. Rani is fifth to the left of Sun it a who is eighth to the right of Nishant. How many children are there between Rani and Nishant ?
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Four
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

.......N | | R | | | | S......

So there are two persons between Rani and Nishant

25. Pointing to a photograph Shubha said, "he is the only grandson of my mother's father". How is the man in photograph related to Shuhha?
(a) Cousin
(b) Brother
(c) Uncle
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

26. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
(a) 29
(b) 85
(c) 147
(d) 125
(e) 53

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

125 is perfect cube of 5

27.Which of the following has the same relationship as tha tof Money : Wealth?
(a )Pity : Kindness
(b) Cruel :Anger
(c) Wise : Education
(d) Pride :Humility
(e) None of these

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

A person can get wealth from money in the same way a person can get kindness from pity.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 28–32) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

Eight family members A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circular table, facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order.

• F,the wife of D is sitting third to right of C.

• A is the son of H. A is sitting second to left of D. D is not an immediate neighbour of either F or C. No male is an immediate neighbour of D.

• G sits second to left of D’s son. Only two persons sit between H and A’s brother. Neither C nor D is the brother of A.

• D’s son and the wife of D’s son are immediate neighbours of each other.

• F is the mother of H. F is not an immediate neighbour of B and G.

• G is the sister of E

28. Who amongst the following is D’s son ?
(a) E
(b) G
(c) A
(d) B
(e) Cannot be determined

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

F is the wife of D.
B is the son of D and F.
H is the daughter D and F.
C is the wife B.A’s brother is E.

B is the son of D.

29. Who sits second to the left of G ?
(a) A’s brother
(b) G’s mother
(c) D
(d) B’s father
(e) A’s aunt

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

F is the wife of D.
B is the son of D and F.
H is the daughter D and F.
C is the wife B.A’s brother is E.

H is mother of A, E And E and G.H sits second to left of G.

30. How many people sit between A and his brother ?
(a) None
(b) One
(c) Two
(d) Three
(e) Four

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.b

F is the wife of D.
B is the son of D and F.
H is the daughter D and F.
C is the wife B.A’s brother is E.

One person sits between A and his brother E.

31. Who amongst the following sits exactly between H and F ?
(a) D’s wife
(b) D’s son
(c) C
(d) B
(e) A

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.c

F is the wife of D.
B is the son of D and F.
H is the daughter D and F.
C is the wife B.A’s brother is E.

A sits exactly between H and F.

32. Who amongst the following is the brother of A?
(a) E
(b) G
(c) A
(d) B
(e) Cannot be determined

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

F is the wife of D.
B is the son of D and F.
H is the daughter D and F.
C is the wife B.A’s brother is E.

E is the brother of A.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 33-35) : In each question below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two/three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer (a) if only conclusion I follows.

Give answer (b) if only conclusion II follows.

Give answer (c) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.Give answer (d) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.

Give answer (e) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

(33-34):

Statements :

Some colours are paints.
All colours are varnishes.
Novarnish is dye.

33.Conclusions :

I. No paint is dye.

II. All paints being varnishes is a possibility.

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.a

Conclusion :I (True)

II (False)

So only conclusion I follows.

34.Conclusions:

I. Some varnishes are paints.

II. No dye is colour.

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.e

Conclusion :I (True)
II (True)

So both the conclusions follow.

35.Conclusions :

I. No rectangle is square.

II. All rectangles being square is a possibility.

View Ans & Explanation

Ans.d

Conclusion:I. (False)

II. (False)