Assam


Capital:
Dispur

Largest City:
Guwahati

No. Of Districts:
32

Area:
78,550 sq. km

Language:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo

Date of Establishment:
1st April 1912

Population density:
397 per sq km.

Forest Area:
26,832 sq km

Agriculture :
Assam’s biggest contribution to the world is Assam tea and has its own variety of Camellia assamica. The state produces rice, rapeseed, mustard seed, jute, potato, sweet potato, banana, papaya, areca nut, sugar cane and turmeric.

Industry:
The industries housed by the stateinclude a chemical fertiliser plant at Namrup,petrochemical industries at Namrup and Bongaigaon, Paper mills at Jagiroad, Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd. Township Area Panchgram and Jogighopa, sugar mills at Barua Bamun Gaon, Chargola, Kampur, Cement plant at Bokajan and Badarpur, cosmetics plant of Hindustan Unilever (HUL) at Doom Dooma, etc.

Neighbouring States:
Asom is surrounded by six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya.

Art & Culture:

Ankia Naat (Onkeeya Naat), a traditional Vaishnav dance-drama (Bhaona) popular since the 15th century AD.Folk dances like Bihu and the Bagurumba (both danced during festivals held in the spring), the Bhortal dance, the Ojapali dance etc.

Festivals: Bihu is the most important and common and celebrated all over Asom. Durga Puja is another festival celebrated with great enthusiasm. Muslims celebrate two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) with great zeal.

Tribes:
Mikirs, Khasis, Nagas, Barmans, Boro, Borokachari, Deori, Hojai, . Kachari, Sonwal, Lalung, Mech, Miri, Rabha, Dimasa, Hajong, Singhpho, Khampti, Garo.

Animal:
One-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis)

Bird:
White-winged wood duck (Cairina scutulata)