Bihar


Capital:
Patna

Largest City:
Patna

No. Of districts:
38

Area:
99,200 sq. km

Language:
Hindi, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili, Urdu

Date of Establishment:
1st April 1936

Population:
103,804,637

Literacy Rate:
63.4%

Population density:
1,102 per sq km.

Forest Area:
6,764.14 sq mi (2,612 sq mi)

Agriculture:
Largest producer of vegetables, especially potatoes, onions, brinjal/egg-plant, and cauliflower. Largest producer of litchi, the third largest producer of pineapples and a major producer of mangoes, bananas, and guava. Sugarcane and jute are the two important cash crops of Bihar.

Industry:
Three major firms — United Breweries Group, Danish Brewery Company Carlsberg Group and Cobra Beer — are to set up new units in Patna and Muzaffarpur in 2012.

Neighbouring States:
It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its West, Nepal to the North, the northern part of West Bengal to the East, and with Jharkhand to the South.

Art & Culture:

Mithila painting is a style of Indian painting practised in the Mithila region of Bihar.

Festivals:
Chhath, also called Dala Chhath, is an ancient and major festival in Bihar. Shravani mela, Teej and Chitragupta Puja along with all the major festivals of India are celebrated in Bihar.

Tribes:
Gonda, Mundas, Oraon, Gorait, Ho,Karmali, Kharia , Kha, Omitted, Binjhia, Birhor, Birjia, Chero.

Animal:
Gaur (Bos gaurue)

Bird:
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)