Haryana


Capital:
Chandigarh

Largest City:
Faridabad

No. Of Districts:
21

Area:
44,212 sq. km(17,070 sq mi)

Language:
Hindi, Punjabi, Haryanvi

Date of Establishment:
1st November 1966

Population:
25,351,462

Sex Ratio:
877 females per 1000 males

Literacy Rate:
76.64%

Population Density:
73 per sq km (1,480/sq mi)

Forest Area:
1,684 sq km (650 sq mi)

Agriculture:
Wheat and rice are the major crops making Haryana, the second largest contributor to India’s central pool of food grains. The main crops are wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oil seeds, gram, barley, corn, millet and many more.

Industry:
National and international companies like Samsung, DB Schenker, Damco Solutions, Abacus Softech, Nokia Networks, Mitsubishi Electric, IBM, Huawei, General Electric, Tata Consultancy Services and Amdocs have their branch offices and contact centres in Faridabad and Gurgaon(also known as City of millennium). Large-scale companies like Orient Paper & Industries, JCB India Limited, Nirigemes, Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited), India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Whirlpool, ABB Group, Goodyear Tyres and Knorr Bremse India Pvt. Ltd.

Neighbouring States:
It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, by Rajasthan tothe west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh.

Art & Culture:

  1. Festivals: Haryali Teej, Lohri, Gangore, Makar Sankranti, Gugga Naumi, Baisaki are some of the famous festivals of Haryana

Animal:
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Bird:
Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus)