Karnataka


Capital:
Bengaluru

Largest City:
Bengaluru

No. Of Districts:
30

Area:
191,791 sq. km(74,051 sq mi)

Language:
Kannada

Date of Establishment:
1st November 1956

Population:
61,130,704

Literacy Rate:
75.60%

Population Density:
320/sq.km (830/sq mi)

Forest Area:
38,720 sq.km of forest area.

Agriculture:
The main crops: rice, ragi, jowar,maize, and pulses (Tur and gram) besides oilseeds and number of cash crops. Cashews, coconut, arecanut, cardamom, chillies, cotton, sugarcane and tobacco are among the other crops produced in the state. Karnataka is the largest producer of coarse cereals, coffee, raw silk and tomatoes among the states in India. Karnataka occupies the second position in India in terms of production and 700 tons of flowers (worth Rs. 500 million) were produced in 2004–05.

Industry:
National Aerospace Laboratories, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Indian Telephone Industries, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Bharat Electronics Limited, Hindustan Machine Tools and Indian subsidiaries of Volvo and Toyota are headquartered in Bangalore.Neighbouring States: Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea and the Laccadive Sea to the west, Goa to the north west, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the North east, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the south east, and Kerala to the south west.

Art & Culture:

  1. Dance: Mysore style of Bharatanatyam is the oldest and most popular dance form and is widely performed in Karnataka. Bolak-aat, Ummatt-aat and Komb-aat are some of the other forms of folk dances in the state.
  2. Festivals: Mysore Dasara is celebrated as the state festival of Mysore. Ugadi (Kannada New Year), Makar Sankranti (the harvest festival), Ganesh Chaturthi, Nagapanchami, Basava Jayanthi, Deepavali, and Ramzan are the other major festivals of Karnataka.

Tribes:
Adiyan, Barda, Bavacha, Bhil, Chenchu, Chodhara, Dubla, Konda, Koraga, Kurumans, Maha Malasar, Malaikudi, Malasar,Malayekandi, Maleru, Maratha Patelia, Rathawa, Siddi, Sholaga, Soligaru, Toda, Varli, Vitolia

Animal:
Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Bird:
Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis)