Madhya Pradesh


Also known as:
“Heart of India”Capital: Bhopal

Largest City:
Indore

No. Of Districts:
51

Area:
308,245 sq.km (119,014 sq mi)

Language:
Hindi

Date of Establishment:
1st November 1956

Population:
72,597,565

Literacy Rate:
70.60%

Population Density:
236/sq.km (610/sq mi)

Forest Area:
94,689 sq.km (36,560 sq mi)

Agriculture:
The state has an agrarian economy. The major crops of Madhya Pradesh are wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard and arhar.

Industry:
Mining and Ordinance factories comprise the major industries.

Neighbouring States:
It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the north-east, Chhattisgarh to the south-east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.

Art & Culture:

  1. Dances: Badhai, Rai, Saira, Jawara, Sher, Akhara, Shaitan, Tertali, Charkula, Jawara, and Maanch are some of the major dance forms.
  2. Festivals: Shivratri, Navratri, Dussehra, Diwali, Bahgoriya, Shab-I-Barat, Krishna Janamashtmi and many more.

Animal:
Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)

Bird:
Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Trepsiphone paradisi)