Maharashtra


Capital:
Mumbai

Largest city:
Mumbai

No. Of districts:
36

Area:
307,713 sq.km(118,809 sq mi)

Language:
Marathi

Date of establishment:
1st May 1960

Population:
112,372,972

Literacy Rate:
82.9%

Population Density:
370/sq.km (950/sq mi)

Forest Area:
61,939 sq.km (23,915 sq mi) Agriculture:Agriculture and allied activities contributes 12.9% to the state’s income. Staples such as rice and millet are the main monsoon crops. Cash crops include sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, tobacco, fruit, vegetables and spices such as turmeric.

Industry:
Mumbai is also known as the financial capital of India and houses major corporate and financial institutions. Maharashtra contributes 25% of the country’s industrial output and is manufacturing hub for some of the largest public sector industries in India, including Hindustan Petroleum Corporation, Tata Petrodyne and Oil India Ltd.

Neighbouring States:
It shares its border with Arabian Sea tothe west and states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Art & Culture:

  1. Dances: Lavani is the most popular form of dance in the state. Koli dance is yet another form of folk dance.
  2. Festivals: Vijayadashami or Dasara, Navaratri, Holi, Diwali, Eid, Simollanghan is a ritual performed on Dasara or Viajaya Dashami day in Maharashtra.

Tribes:
Andh, Baiga, Barda, Bavacha, Bhaina, Bhunjia, Birhul, Kol, Halba, Kamar, Kathodi, Kolam, Khairwar, Kharia, Kokna, Parja, Patelia, Pomla, Rathawa, Sawar, Thakur, Varli, Vitolia

Animal:
Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica)

Bird:
Yellow footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera)