Odisha


Capital:
Bhubaneshwar

Largest city:
Bhubaneshwar

No. Of districts:
30

Area:
155,820 sq.km(60,160 sq mi)

Language:
Odia, English

Date of establishment:
1st April 1936

Population:
41,947,358

Literacy Rate:
73.45%

Population Density:
270/sq.km (700/sq mi)

Forest Area:
48,903 sq.km

Agriculture:
Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha and is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. The state is the fourth largest shrimp producing state in India.

Industry:
Industries like manufacturing; mining and quarrying; electricity, gas and water supply; and construction are dominant in the state. NALCO and Vedanta, two of the biggest aluminium plants are in Odisha which makes the state leading producer of aluminium in the state.

Neighbouring States:
It shares its borders with states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, Telangana to the south-west and Andhra Pradesh to the south.

Art & Culture:

(a) Dances: Bhangra and Giddha are the major dance forms of the state.
(b) Festivals: Bandi Chhor Divas (Diwali), Mela Maghi, Hola Mohalla, Rakhri, Vaisakhi, Lohri, Teeyan and Basant.

Animal:
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Bird:
Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)