Also known as:
“Granary of India”, “India’s bread-basket”
No. Of districts:
50,362 sq.km (19,445 sq mi)
Date of establishment:
15th August 1947
550/sq. km (1,400/sq mi)
Wheat is the most important crop of the state. Rice, sugarcane, fruits and vegetables are also grown. The state produces 10.26% of India’s cotton, 19.5% o India’s wheat, and 11% of India’s rice.
Industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing o pine oil and sugar. Punjab also has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India, which are located in “Steel Town” — Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district.
The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province o Punjab to the west. To the north it is bounded by the Indian state o Jammu and Kashmir.
Art & Culture:
(a) Dances: Bhangra and Giddha arethe major dance forms of the state.
(b) Festivals: Bandi Chhor Divas (Diwali), Mela Maghi, Hola Mohalla, Rakhri, Vaisakhi, Lohri, Teeyan andBasant.
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)
Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)