No. Of districts:
[/panel-header]342,239 sq.km(132,139 sq mi)
Date of establishment:
1st November 1956
201/sq.km (520/sq mi)
Wheat, barley,pulses, sugarcane and oil seeds are cultivated over large areas. Cotton and tobacco are the main cash crops. The largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oil seeds. The biggest wool-producing state in India and the main opium producer and consumer.
Main industries are mineral, agriculture, and textile based. The second largest producer o polyester fibre in India.
It shares a border with the Pakistani provinces o Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley.Elsewhere it is bordered by the other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest.
Art & Culture:
(a) Dances:Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer
(b) Festivals:Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur,Teej, Gogaji, Shri Devnarayan Jayanti, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami
Chinkara (Gazella bennettii)
Great Indian Bustard(Ardeotis nigriceps)