Tamil Nadu


Capital: 
Chennai

Largest city: 
Chennai

No. Of districts: 
32

Area: 
130,058 sq.km(50,216 sq mi)

Language: 
Tamil

Date of establishment: 
26th January 1950

Population: 
72,147,030

Literacy Rate: 
80.33 %

Population Density: 
550/sq.km (1,400/sq mi)

Forest Area: 
22,643 sq.km(8,743 sq mi)

Agriculture: 
Rice is the leading crop and the Cauvery delta region is known as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. Mango and banana are the leading fruit crops. The main vegetables grown are tapioca, tomato, onion, brinjal(eggplant), and drumstick.

Industry: 
Textiles, leather,electronics, heavy industries, engineering, software, and automobiles are the leading industries o the state. Integral Coach Factory which is located in Perambur is the largest producer of railway coaches in Asia.

Neighbouring States: 
The state is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the south Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It also shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.

Art & Culture: 

(a) Dances:  Bharatanatyam is the famous dance forms of Tamail Nadu. Other forms of folk dances are Karakattam,Mayilam.
(b) Festivals:  Pongal is the most celebrated festival of the state. Other major festivals are Deepavali, Ayudha Poojai, Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara), Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi, Eid ul-Fitr,Bakrid, Milad un Nabi, Muharram, Good Friday, Easter are celebrated in the state.

Animal: 
Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

Bird: 
Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)