Ch.1 :- Analogy Test : Exercise-4


Analogy verbal reasoning questions cover syllabus and course of srm university entrance exam , ip university entrance exam , allahabad university entrance exam , manipal institute of technology , punjab technical university entrance exam , jawaharlal nehru university entrance exam , hyderabad central university entrance exam.

~ Directions : In the following questions, choose the pair/group of words that show the same relationship as given at the top of every pair/group.

1. Summer: Raining

(a) Monday: Sunday   (b) Summer: Winter (c) December: January (d) Licence: Driving(e) None of these

View answer & Solution
1 (c) ‘Raining’ follows ‘Summer’ season. In the same way ‘January’ follows ‘December’.

2. Driver: Driving

(a) Carpenter: Wood (b) Garden: Plants (c) Counsellor: Counselling (d) Psychologist: Teaching (e) None of the above

View answer & Solution
2 (c) ‘Driver’ is meant for ‘Driving.’ Likewise ‘Counsellor’ is meant for ‘Counselling’.

3. Water : Swim

(a) Graze: Grass (b) Plan: Implement (c) Flood: Damage (d) Knot: Tie (e) Ground: Play

View answer & Solution
3 (e) ‘Water’ is the medium to ‘Swim’. In the same way ‘Ground’ is the place to ‘Play’.

4. Canvas: Painter

(a) Leather: Shoe (b) Brush: Palette  (c) Chisel: Wood (d) Marble: Sculptor (e) Hammer: Carpenter

View answer & Solution
4 (d) ‘Painter’ works on ‘Canvas’. Likewise ‘Sculptor’ works on ‘Marble’.

5. Fury: Ire

(a) Convulsion: Spasm (b) Amusement: Happiness (c) Joke: Laugh (d) Dispassion: Emotion (e) Cry: Whisper

View answer & Solution
5 (a) ‘Fury’ and ‘Ire’ are the same words in meaning and represent the state of anger. Likewise ‘Convulsion’ and ‘Spasm’ are same in meaning and denote sudden contraction of muscles.

6. Incandescent: Glowing

(a) Indefatigable: Untiring (b) Boor: Oafish (c) Tedious: Bore (d) Flash: Flame (e) Candle: Light

View answer & Solution
6 (a) ‘Incandescent’ and ‘Glowing’ are synonyms to each other. Likewise ‘Indefatigable’ and ‘Untiring’ are one and the same thing.

7. Elevated: Exalted

(a) Promoted: Excellence (b) Raise: Commensurate (c) Disorderly: Unfaithful (d) Dirty; Filthy (e) Purified: Hygienic

View answer & Solution
7 (d) ‘Elevated’ means ‘Exalted’. Similarly, ‘Dirty’ is synonym to ‘Filthy’.

8. Commander: Commands

(a) Surgeon: Diagnosis (b)Checks; Teacher (c) Senator; Legislates (d) Aerates: Aviator (e) Specific: Responses

View answer & Solution
8 (c) The function of ‘Commander’ is to give ‘Commands’ and the function of ‘Senator’ is to make laws i.e., to ‘Legislate’.

9. Primeval: Medieval

(a) Dinosaur; Dragon (b) Gorilla; Soldier (c) Evolution: Revelation (d) Thorn; Rose (e) Snow: Ice

View answer & Solution
9 (c) Medieval is one of the stages of development of civilization starting with primeval. Similarly, Revelation is one of the stages following after evolution.

10. Trilogy: Novel

(a) Rice: Husk (b) Milk ; Cream (c) Fabric: Weaving  (d) Gun; Cartridge (e) Serial: Episode

View answer & Solution
10 (e) ‘Trilogy’ is three part series of the same ‘Novel’. Likewise a ‘Serial’ is made up of several ‘Episodes’.

~ Directions : In the following questions, choose the pair/group of words that show the same relationship as given at the top of every pair/group.

11. Pedant: Erudition

(a) Prude: Modesty (b) Blunt; Politician (c) Diplomats; Tactless (d) Enemy: Friendly (e)Rude: Politeness

View answer & Solution
11 (a) ‘Pedant’ is the person who likes to display his learning and ‘Erudition’ means the art of displaying one’s learning. Therefore, ‘Pedant’ relates to ‘Erudition.’ Likewise ‘Prude’ is related to ‘Modesty’.

12. Capricious: Reliability

(a) Extemporaneous; Predictability (b) Unreliable; Inhuman (c) Tenacious; Practicality (d) Arbitrary: Whimsical (e) Heated; Boiling

View answer & Solution
12 (c) A person who is ‘Capricious’ loses ‘Reliability’. In the same way, if a person is ‘Tenacious’ he loses ‘Practicality’ .

13. Loathe; Coercion

(a) Detest: Caressing (b) Irritate: Caressing (c)Irate: Antagonism (d) Reluctant: Persuasion (e) Contemplative: Meditative

View answer & Solution
13 (c) ‘Loathe’ and ‘Coercion’ are related. In Similarly, are ‘Irate’ and ‘Antagonism’

14. Scale :’Fish

(a) Lady; Dress(b) Tree : Leaves (c)Bird; Feather  (d) Skin: Man (e)Bear: Fur

View answer & Solution
14 (d) ‘Scale’ is the outer layer of the body of a ‘Fish’. Therefore, ‘Skin’ relates to ‘Man’ in the same way as ‘Scale’ is to ‘Fish

15. Frankness; Blunt

(a) Rise: Awake  (b) Weep: Laugh (c) Sickness: Death  (d) Rest: Activity (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
15 (a) ‘Frankness’ and ‘Blunt’ are synonyms and so are ‘Rise’ and ‘Awake’.

16. Portico: Building

(a) Stove: Kitchen( b) Fort; Fortress (c)Ship: Steamer  (d)Wheel: Bicycle (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
16 (b) ‘Portico’ and ‘Building’ relate to each other in the same way as the latter is the big form of the former. ‘Fort’ relates to ‘Fortres’ in the same way.

17. Jackal; Dog 

(a) Crow: Bat (b) Orange: Lemon (c)Tiger: Wolf (d) Ant : Antepol

View answer & Solution
17 (b) ‘Jackal’ and ‘Dog’ belong to the same class. Likewise ‘Orange’ and ‘Lemon’ belong to the same class.

18. Hockey: Game

(a) King; Rule (b)Constitution: Assembly (c) Book; Read (d) Latin: Language (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
18 (d) ‘Hockey’ is the ‘Game’ and ‘Latin’ is a ‘Language’.

19. Inspiration: Poetry

(a) Music; Notes (b) Dirt: Disease  (c) Brush: Painting (d) Mind: Thought (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
19 (d) ‘Poetry’ originates from ‘Inspiration’. Similarly, ‘Thought’ originates from ‘Mind’.

20. Poverty; Prosperity

(a)Intelligence: Stupidity (b) Rain ; Flood (c) Train: Cart (d) Love: Sorrow (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
20 (a) ‘Poverty’ and ‘Prosperity’ are opposite to each other and ‘Intelligence’ and ‘Stupidity’ are also opposite to each other.

~ Directions : In the following questions, choose the pair/group of words that show the same relationship as given at the top of every pair/group.

21. Error: Mistake

(a) Connection; Retaliation (b) Literature: Poetry (c) Music: Art (d) Doubt; Suspicion (e)None of the above

View answer & Solution
21 (d) ‘Error’ and ‘Mistake’ are synonyms to each other and ‘Doubt’ and ‘Suspicion’ are also synonyms to each other.

22. Water: Oxygen

(a) Helium: Nitrogen (b) Salt: Sodium  (c)Tree; Plant  (d) Food: Hunger (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
12 (b) ‘Water’ contains ‘Oxygen’ in it and ‘Salt’ contains ‘Sodium’ in it.

23. Geeta : Quran

(a) Orange; Mango (b) Temple: Worship (c)Good: Man  (d) Army: Defence (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
23 (a) ‘Geeta’ and ‘Koran’ belong to the same class, i.e., religious books and ‘Orange’ and ‘Mango’ also belong to the same class, i.e., fruits.

24. Disease: Plague

(a) Tree: Leaf (b)City: Crowd (c) Reptile: Creep (d) Bird: Lark (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
24 (d) ‘Plague’ is the one of the ‘Diseases’ and therefore, forms a part. In the same way ‘Lark’ forms part of ‘Bird’ as it is a type of bird.

25. Milk: Cream

(a) College: Students  (b) Sugar: Sweet (c) Clay: Pottery  (d) Fruit: Glucose (e)None of these

View answer & Solution
25 (C) ‘Cream’ is the total product made up of ‘Milk’. Likewise, ‘Pottery’ is made up of ‘Clay’

26. Journalist: Newsitems

(a) Bee: Honey( b) Conductor; Travellers (c) Baker; Bread (d) Publisher: Book (e)None of these

View answer & Solution
26(a) A ‘Journalist’ remains busy in gathering ‘News items’. Similarly, a ‘Bee’ remains busy in collecting ‘Honey’.

27. Straws: Nest

(a) Water: Stream (b) Animals : Zoo (c)Threads; Cloth (d) Wood: Paper(e) None of these

View answer & Solution
27 (c) ‘Nest’ is made up of ‘Straws’ and ‘Cloth’ is made up of ‘Threads’.

28. Fan: Air

(a) Parents: Bring up (b) Bed: Sleep (c)Food: Hunger  (d) Clouds: Rain (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
28 (d) ‘Fan’ produces ‘Air’ and ‘Clouds’ produce ‘Rain’

29. Fly: Walk

(a) Sit: Sleep (b) Roast : Bake (c) Sky; Earth (d) Pilot: Captain(e) None of these

View answer & Solution
29 (c) ‘Fly’ and ‘Walk’ are opposite to each other in meaning. Likewise, ‘Sky’ and ‘Earth’ are opposite to each other.

30. Small: Tiny

(a) Short: Tall  (b) Plain: Complicated (c) Size: Colour (d) Jet: Plump (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
3o (a) ‘Small’ and ‘Tiny’ represent the order of size. Likewise ‘Short’ and ‘Tall’ also represent the order of height.