Ch.3 :- Coding Decoding : Exercise 6


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~ Directions for Q. No. 1 to 19 : In each of the following questions find the correct answer from the given alternatives.

1. In a certain language ‘pre not bis’ means ‘smoking is harmful’, ‘vog dor not’ means ‘avoid harmful habit’, and  ‘dor bis yel’ means ‘please avoid smoking’, which of the following means ‘habit’ in that language?

(a) vog (b) not (c) dor (d) bis ,(e) None of these

View answer & Solution
1 (a) Companng the common words from each coding, it is dear that ‘dor’ stands for ‘avoid’, ‘not’ stands for ‘harmful’ Hence, ‘vag’ will stand for habit.

2. ‘baw haw daw kaw’ means ‘Poachers killed some tigers’, ‘vaw gaw jaw haw’ means ‘Tigers are brave creatures’,’kaw taw maw vaw’ means ‘some watchman were brave’ and ‘maw jaw naw baw’ means ‘watchman are searching poachers’. Then what does ‘kaw baw’ means?

(a) some watchman (b) brave tigers (c) brave creatures (d) some poachers (e) killed tigers

View answer & Solution
2 (d) In the first and third sentence common word is ‘kaw’, and common code is ‘some’. Therefore ‘kaw’ stands for ‘some’. In the first and fourth sentence, common word is ‘baw’ and the common code is ‘poachers’. Hence, ‘kaw baw’ means ‘some poachers’.

3. Using the above coding procedure, ‘creatures killed watchman’ would be coded as
(a) maw gaw daw (b) maw vaw naw (c) gaw kaw daw (d) gaw naw kaw (e) daw maw haw

View answer & Solution
3 (a) Using the above procedure, we see that ‘maw gaw daw’ means creatures killed watchman.

4. In a code language ‘mu kay cit’ means ‘very lucky person! and ‘dis hu rnu’ means ‘fortunate and lucky’. Which is the word in that language for ‘lucky’?

(a) fiU (b) kay (c) cit (d) dis (e) hu

View answer & Solution
4 (a) In both the sentences, common word is ‘mu’ and common code is ‘lucky’. Hence, emu’ stands for ‘lucky.

5. In a certain code, ‘bright fresh sunny day’ means ‘cin bin zin hin’, ‘scent of fresh flower’ means ‘din zin lin bin’, ‘bright light of trucks’ means ‘lin min hin rin’, ‘trucks loaded with flowers’ means ‘fin nin din min’. What is the code for ‘bright’ in that language?

(a) cin (b) bin (c) lin (d) zin (e) hin

View answer & Solution
5 (e) In the first and third sentences, common word is ‘bright’ and the common code is ‘hin’.

6. Using the above coding procedure, what will be the code for ‘din’?

(a) trucks (b) flowers (c) of (d) loaded (e) with

View answer & Solution
6 (b) In second and fourth sentences, common word is ‘flowers’ and common code is ‘din’. Hence, ‘din’ stands for ‘flowers’.

7. What is the code for ‘day’ in the above coding procedure?

(a) cin (b) bin (c) zin (d) hin (e) Cannot be established

View answer & Solution
7 (e) Using the above procedure, it is clear that code for ‘day’ cannot be determined.

8. If ‘we are reaching Bombay’ means ‘zik pik lik hik’, ‘Bombay is really beautiful’ means ‘hik dik mik nik’, ‘Is Mohan reaching there’ means ‘lik tik cik dik’ and ‘we really need Mohan’ means ‘rnik wik tik pik’, what is the code for ‘Bombay’ ?

(a) tik (b) pik (c) lik (d) hik (e) Cannot be determined

View answer & Solution
8 (d) In the first and second sentence, common word is ‘Bombay’ and the common code is ‘hik’.

9. If you use the above coding procedure, how would you code ‘cik”?

(a) is (b) Mohan (c) there (d) reaching (e) Cannot be determined

View answer & Solution
9 (c) Code for ‘cik’ is ‘there’.

10. Which of the following would mean ‘Mohan reaching Bombay’ in the above code language?

(a) tik lik hik (b) bik gik nik (c) cik gik dik (d) gik nik cik (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
10 (a) In the first and third sentences, common word is ‘reaching’ and common code is ‘lik’. In third and fourth sentences,ommon word is ‘Mohan’ and common code is ‘tik’ . Hence, ‘Mohan reaching Bombay’ means ‘tik lik hik’

11. In a certain code language ‘389’ means ‘run very fast’, ‘964’ means ‘come back fast’ and ‘487″ means ‘run and come’. Which digit in the language means ‘come’?

(a) 7 (b) 9 (c) 4 (d) 8 (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
11 (c) In the second and third sentences, common number is 4 and common code is ‘come’. Hence, number 4 stands for ‘come’.

12. If ‘Men are very busy’ means ‘1234’, ‘Busy persons need encouragement’ means ‘4567’, ‘encouragement is very
important’ means ‘3589’ and ‘Important persons are rare’ means ‘2680’, what is the code for ‘encouragement’ in
that language?

(a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) 9 (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
12 (a) In the second and third sentences, common word is encouragement and common number is ‘5’. Hence, number 5 stands for encouragement,

13. According to the above code, ‘Men need encouragement’ would be

(a) 167 (b) 258 (c) 268 (d) 157 (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
13 (d) In the first and fourth sentences, common word is ‘are’ and common number is 2, hence ‘are’ stands for ‘2’. From the first and third sentences, ‘very’ stands for ‘3’. From first and second sentences, ‘busy’ stands for ‘4’. So from zhe first statement ‘Men’ stands for’!’, Similarly, ‘need’ stands for ‘T. From this we conclude that ‘Men need encouragement’ will be coded as ‘1ST.

14. In a certain code language, ‘pul ta nap’ means ‘fruit is good’, ‘nap ko tir’ means ‘tree is tall’ and ‘pul ho sop’ means ‘eat good food’. Which of the following means ‘fruit’ in that language?

(a) pul (b) ta (c) nap (d) Data inadequate (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
14 (b) In the first and second sentences, common word is ‘nap’ and common code is ‘is’ In the first and third sentences, common word IS ‘pul’ and common code is ‘good’. Therefore, from first sentence ‘ta’ stands for ‘fruit’.

15. If ‘nitco sco tingo’ means ‘softer than flower’; ‘tingo rho msr’ means ‘sweet flower fragrance’ and ‘mst sco trnp’
means ‘sweet than smile’. What would ‘fragrance’ stand for in that language?

(a) rho (b) mst (c) trnp (d) sco

View answer & Solution
In the second and third sentences, common word is ‘sweet’ and common code is ‘mst’, In the first and second sentences, common word is ‘flower’ and
common code is ‘tinge’. Therefore, from second sentence it ISclear that ‘rho’ stands for ‘fragrance.’

16. In a certain language, ‘Tom Kun Sud’ means ‘Dogs are barking,’ ‘Kun Jo Mop’ means ‘Dogs and horse’, and ‘Mut
Tom Ko’ means ‘Donkeys are mad’. Which word in that language means ‘barking’ ?
(a) Sud (b) Kun (c) Jo (d) Tom (e) Ko

View answer & Solution
16 (a) In the first and second sentences, common word is ‘Dogs’ and common code is ‘Kun’. In the first and third sentences, common word is ‘are’ and common code is ‘Tom’. Therefore, from first sentence we get that ‘Sud’ stands for ‘barking’.

17. According to a code : ‘Pan can non bon’ means ‘some persons are cheats’, ‘fan pan gon hon’ means ‘cheats can
be dangerous’, ‘Ion kon fan can’ means ‘Dangerous persons might kill’. ‘bon gon hon kon’ means, ‘some
probably can kill’. What is the code for ‘person’ in that code?

(a) can (b) man (c) bon  (d) Ion (e) fan

View answer & Solution
17 (a) In the first and third sentences, common word is ‘persons’ and common code is ‘can’. Hence, ‘con’ stand’s for ‘persons’.

18. The codes for ‘some dangerous cheats’ would be

(a) kon bon hon (b) hon yon fan (c) fan bon pan (d) bon hon pan (e) kon bon pan

View answer & Solution
18 (e) In the first and fourth sentences, common word ‘is ‘some’ and common code is ‘bon’. In the second and third sentences, common word is ‘dangerous and common code is ‘fon’. In the first and second sentences, common word is ‘cheat’ and common code is ‘POll’, Therefore, ‘some dangerous cheats’ means ‘fan bon pan’.

19. In a certain code language, ‘col tip mot’ means ‘singing is appreciable’, ‘mot baj min’ means ‘dancing is good’ and
‘tip mop baj’ means ‘singing and dancing. Which of the following means ‘good’ in that code language?

(a) mot (b) min (c) baj (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
19 (b) In the second and third sentences, common word is ‘dancing’ and common code is ‘baj’. In the first and second sentences, common word is ‘is’ and common code is ‘mot’. Hence, from the second sentence, it is clear that ‘min’ stands for ‘good’.

~ Directions for Q. No. 20 to 22 : Study the following information to answer the questions that follow In a certain code ‘il be pee’ means ‘roses are blue: ‘sik: hee’ means ‘red flowers’ and ‘pee nut hee’ means ‘flowers are vegetables’.

20. How is ‘red’ written in that code?

(a) hee (b) sik (c) be (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
20 (b) From the second and third sentences, It is clear that ‘hee’ stands for ‘flowers’. Hence, from second sentence ‘red’ stands for ‘sik’.

21. How is ‘roses’ written in that code?

(a) il (b) pee (c) be (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
21 (d) Code for ‘roses’ cannot be determined because anyone of the words (roses or blue) is not common in any pair of the sentences,

22. How is ‘vegetables are red flowers’ written in that code?

(a) sik pee hee be (b) il sik nut hee (c) pee sik nut hee (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
22 (c) We know that ‘red’ stands for ‘sik, If we add this word and its code in the third sentence, then we get that ‘vegetables are red flowers’ means ‘pee sik nut hee’.

Directions for Q. No. 23 to 26 : In a certain code ‘Ding Dong Dang’ means ‘Attacking the enemy’, ‘Ping Pond Dong’ means ‘Enemy is retreating’, ‘Ding Ping Mong’ means ‘Attacking and retreating’.

23. Which of the following codes stands for Enemy?

(a) Ding (b) Dong (c) Dang (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
23 (b) In the first and second sentences, common word is ‘enemy’ and common code is ‘Dong’. Hence, ‘Dong’   stands for ‘enemy’

24. Which code stands for Attacking?

(a) Ding (b) Dong (c) Dang (d) None of these (e) Cannot be determined

View answer & Solution
24 (a) Word ‘Attacking’ is common in the first and third sentences, and the common code is ‘Ding’. Hence, ‘Ding’ stands for ‘Attacking’

25. Which code stands for Retreating?

(a) Ping (b) Pong (c) Dong (d) Mong (e) Cannot be determined

View answer & Solution
25 (a) From the second and third sentences, it is clear that ‘retreating’ stands for ‘Ping’.

26. Which code stands for And ?

(a) Ding (b) Ping (c) Mong (d) Pong (e) Cannot be determined

View answer & Solution
26 (c) From the third sentence, it is clear that ‘Mong’ stands for ‘and’.

~ Directions for Q. No. 27 to 29 : Study the following statements A, B, C, D and E and then answer the questions that follow:
(A) 1,5,9 means  :  ‘you better go’
(B) 1, 6, 7 means : ‘better come here’
(C) 5, 6, 7 means : ‘you come here’
(D) 1,5,6 means :   ‘better you here’
(E) 3, 7, 9 means : ‘come and go’

27. Which of the following groups of minimum statements are necessary to find the code number of ‘better’ ?

(a)A&B (b)D&E (c)C&D (d) B &E (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
27 (a) In sentences (A) and (B) the common word is ‘better’, and the common number is ‘1’. Hence, number ‘1’ stands for ‘common’.

28. Which numeral means ‘and’ ?

(a) 6 (b) 9 (c) 3 (d) 7 (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
28 (c) From the statements (C) and (E), it is clear that ‘cor-e’ means ‘T. And from the statements (A) and (E), it IS clear that ‘go’ means ‘9’, hence numeric ‘3’ stands for ‘and’.

29. Which numeral is used for ‘go’ ?

(a) 1 (b) 5 (c) 7 (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
29 (e) From statements (A) and (E), it is clear that ‘go’ stands for ‘9’.

30. In a certain code language
(a) ‘room jam’ means ‘hello tej jaw’, (b) ‘pass Kus su’ means ‘Tum bhee jawo’ and (c) ‘Tum da’ means ‘Hello yahan aawo’. Which of the following means ‘Tej’ in that code language?

(a) room (b) da (c) jam (d) Data inadequate (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
30 (d) Data given in the statements are not adequate to find the code for ‘Tej’.

31. In a certain code language (a) ‘Jei to pee’ means ‘good morning’, (b) ‘Sao song’ means ‘very good’ and (c) ‘sao
song nus’ means ‘very and good’. Which of the following represents ‘and’ in that language?

(a) nus (b) song (c) to pee (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
31 (a) From the statements (b) and (c), it is clear that ‘nus’ stands for ‘and’.

32. In a certain code language ‘si po re’ means ‘book is thick’, ‘ti na re’ means ‘bag 1S heavy’, ‘ka sf means ‘interesting
book’ and ‘de ti’ means ‘that bag’. Which of the following means ‘that IS interesting’ in that code language?

(a) ka re na (b) de si re (c) ti po ka (d) ka de re (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
32 (d) ‘po’ stands for thick, ‘na for heavy’, ‘ka for interesting’ and ‘de’ for that. Hence ‘that is interesting’ will be coded as “de ka re” or “ka de re”.

33. If 6 is coded as T, 8 is coded as I, 3 is coded as N, 9 is coded as Q, 2 is coded as Y, 5 is coded as D and 7 is coded as R, then what is the coded form of DRINTQ? (Allahabad Bank PO 2004)

(a) 573869 (b) 578396 (c) 576839 (d) 578329 (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
33 (e) DR IN T Q -> 578369

34. In a certain code ‘what else can you do for me, Mr. Ajay is written as ‘you Mr. what can Ajay else do me for’. How will ‘anyone else who can do such favour to me’ be . written in that code? (Corporation Bonk PO 2004)
(a) Can to who anyone me else do favour such
(b) Can favour anyone who me else do to such
(c) Can to anyone who me else do such favour
(d) Can to anyone who me do else favour such
(e) None of these

View answer & Solution
34eex3

35. In a certain code ‘975’ means ‘Throwaway garbage’, ‘528’ means ‘Give away smoking’ and ‘213’ means
‘Smoking is harmful’. Which digit in that code means ‘Smoking’? (MAT 2006)

(a) 5 (b) 8 (c) 2 (d) 3

View answer & Solution
35cex3

36. In a certain code language, ‘nee muk pic’ means ‘grave and concern’, ‘ill die so’ means ‘every body else’ and ‘tur
muk so’ means ‘body and soul’. Which of the following would mean ‘every concern’ ? (MAT 2006)
(a) die pic (b) pic nee (c) ill nee (d) Cannot be determined

View answer & Solution
36 (d) The code for ‘concern’ => either ‘nee’ or ‘pic’ and code for ‘every’ => either ‘ill or die’. Hence, code for ‘concern every’ cannot be determined.

37. In a certain code, ‘pick and choose’ is written as ‘KO ho po’ and ‘pick up and come’ is written as ‘to no ko po’. How is ‘pick’ written in that code? (Central Bonk FO 2006)

(a) ko (b) po (c) Either ko or po (d) Cannot be determined (e) None of these

View answer & Solution
37 (c) The code for ‘pick’ would be either ‘ko or po’.

~ Directions for Q. No. 38 to 40 : According to a certain code language . (MAT2006) ‘min fin bin gin’ means ‘Trains are always late’ ‘gin din cin hin’ means ‘Drivers were always punished’ ‘bin cin vin rin’ means ‘Drivers stopped all trains’ ‘din kin fin vin’ means ‘All passengers were late’ 38. Which word is represented by ‘vin’ ?
38. Which word is represented by ‘vin’ ?
(a) Trains (b) Drivers (c) Late (d) All

39. ‘Drivers were late’ would be written as
(a) fin cin din (D) min cin din (c) fin din gin (d) gm hin rnm

40. chinmin kin’ would mean. :
(a) Always late train
(b) All passenger trains
(c) Passengers are late
(d) Passengers are punished

View answer & Solution
38-40