Ch.4 :- Comparison of Ranks : Exercise 2


⇒ Directions for Q. No. 1 to 6 :Following questions are based on the information given below. Read the information carefully and then answer the questions that follow:

(i) Seven students P, Q, R, S, T, U and V take a series of tests.

(ii) No two students get similar marks.

(iii) V always scores more than P.

(iv) P always scores more than Q.

(v) Each time either R scores the highest and T gets the least, or alternatively S scores the highest and U or Q scores the least.

1. If V is ranked fifth, which of these must be true ?

(a) S scores the highest     (b) R is ranked second     (c) T is ranked third

(d) Q is ranked fourth        (e) U scores the least

Answer & Solution

2. If R gets the most, V should be ranked not lower than

(a) Second     (b) Third     (c) Fourth     (d) Fifth     (e) Sixth

Answer & Solution

3. If S is ranked second, which of the following can be true?

(a) P gets more than R    (b) V gets more than S    (c) P gets more than S

(d) T gets more than Q    (e) U gets more than V

Answer & Solution

4. If S is ranked sixth and Q is ranked fifth, which of the following can be true?

(a) V is ranked fifth or fourth      (b) R is ranked second or third

(c) P is ranked second or fifth     (d) U is ranked third or fourth

(e) T is ranked fourth or fifth

Answer & Solution

5. If R is ranked second and Q is ranked fifth, which of these must be true?

(a) S is ranked third     (b) P is ranked third     (c) V is ranked fourth

(d) T is ranked sixth    (e) U is ranked sixth

Answer & Solution

6. Information given in which of the statement is superfluous?

(a) (ii)     (b) CO     (c) (iv)     (d) None is superfluous     (e) None of these

Answer & Solution

⇒ Directions for Q. No. 7 to 11 : Read the following information and select the best answer choice given in each of the questions thatfollows.

In a study offive brands of pain relieving tablets P, Q, R, Sand T, the brands were tested and ranked against each other us more or less effective per dose. The following results were obtained.

(i) P was more effective than Q.

(ii) The effectiveness of R was less than that of S.

(iii) T was the least effective brand tested.

(iv) Q and R were equally effective.

(v) The effectiveness of S was greater than that of Q.

7. If the above statements are true, which of the following must also be true ?

(a) P and S were equally effective.    (b) P was the most effective.

(c) S was the most effective.              (d) R was less effective than P.

(e) T did not relieve pain.

Answer & Solution

8.All the information in the results given above can be derived from which of the following groups of statements?

(a) Statements (i), Cii),Ciii)     (b) Statements (i), (iii), (iv)

(c) Statements (ii), (iii), (iv)    (d) Statements (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)

(e) Statements (ii), (iii), (iv), and (v).

Answer & Solution

9. If a sixth brand M is tested and found to be more effective than S, then which of the followings must be true if the findings of the study are correct?

(a) M is the most effective of all the six brands tested.

(b) At least four of the six brands tested are less effective thanM.

(c) M is more effective than P.

(d) M is less effective than P.

(e) No more than four of the six brands tested are more effective than T.

Answer & Solution

10.If R is more expensive per dose than P, and T is less expensive per dose than R, which of the following must be true, according to the study, for a consumer, who wishes to buy a pain reliever with the greatest effectiveness for the amount spent per dose?

(a) P should be purchased instead of R,

(b) P should be purchased instead ofT.

(c) T should be purchased instead of R.

(d) Q should be purchased instead of R if Q is of the same price as S.

(e) Q should be purchased instead of T if Q is of the same price as R.

Answer & Solution

11.If Q contains the same amount of an ingredient, X, as S does and more of that ingredient than T does, which of the following is consistent with the results of the study?

(a) The relative effectiveness of the 5 brands of pain relievers is due to the amount of X the brand contains.

(b) R does not contain X, and brands of pain relievers in which X is absent do not have any measurable effective- ness.

(c) The absent of X in R would account for R’s being more effective than T, Q and S.

(d) The absence of X in R would account for R’s being more effective than T, Q and S.

(e) The presence of X contributes to the effectiveness of T, Q and S in relieving pain.

Answer & Solution

⇒ Directions for Q. No. 12 to 15 : Read the following information and answer the questions that follow. Sunita is taller than Seema and Renu, Renu is shorter than Radha and Gauri. Bina is taller than Radha and shorter than Sunita. Sunita is not the tallest and Renu is not the shortest.

12.Who is the tallest?

(a) Sunita     (b) Bina    (c) Gauri    (d) Data inadequate   (e) None

Answer & Solution

13.Who is the shortest?

(a) Radha    (b) Renu    (c) Bina    (d) Data inadequate    (e) None

Answer & Solution

14.What is the position of Radha from the shorter end?

(a) Fourth    (b) Second    (c) Third    (d) Data inadequate    (e) None

Answer & Solution

15.Which of the following statements is definitely correct?

(a) Bina occupies the third position from the top.

(b) Seema is taller than Renu.

(c) Gauri is shorter than Radha.

(d) None of the above.

Answer & Solution

⇒Directions for Q. No. 16 to 20 : Study the following information carefully and then answer the questions that follow.

A blacksmith has five iron articles A, B, C, D and E each having a different weight.

(i) A weighs twice as much as B.

(ii) B weighs four and half times as much as C.

(iii) C weighs half as much as D.

(iv) D weighs half as much as E.

(v) E weighs less than A but more than C.

16.Which of the following is the lightest in weight?

(a) A      (b) B     (c) C     (d) D

Answer & Solution

17.E is lighter in weight than which of the other two articles?

(a) A, B     (b) D, C     (c) A, C     (d) D, B

Answer & Solution

18.E is heavier than which of the following two articles?

(a) D, B     (b) D, C     (c) A, C     (d) A, B

Answer & Solution

19.Which of the following is the heaviest in weight?

(a) A     (b) B     (c) C     (d) D

Answer & Solution

20.Which of the following represents the descending order of weights of the articles?

(a) A, B, E, D, C     (b) B, D, E, A, C     (c) A, B, C, D, E     (d) c, D, E, B, A

Answer & Solution

21.There are five friends S, K, M, A, R. S is shorter than K, but taller than R, M is the tallest. A is a little shorter than K and little taller than S. Who has two persons taller and two persons shorter than him ?

(a) R     (b) S     (c) K     (d) A

Answer & Solution

22.Among A, B, P, Q and S, B is immediate next taller than the shortest and Q is taller than the shortest and Q is taller than P. Which of the following statement(s) is/are necessary to decide the tallest among them?

(A) P is not as tall as S

(B) A is third below Q in height

(C) P is second in height above A

(a) only (A) or (B)     (b) only (B) or (C)     (c) only (A) or CC)

(d) (A) or (B) or (C)    (e) only (A)

Answer & Solution

⇒ Directions for Q. No. 23 to 25 : Read the information given below to answer the questions that follow:

(i) There is a group of five girls.

(ii) Kamini is second in height but younger than Rupa.

(iii) Pooja is taller than Monika but younger in age.

(iv) Rupa and Monika are of the same age but Rupa is tallest between them.

(v) Neelam is taller than Pooja and elder to Rupa

23.If they are arranged in the ascending order of height, who will be in the third position?

(a) Monika     (b) Monika or Rupa     (c) Rupa     (d) None

Answer & Solution

24.If they are arranged in descending order of their ages, who will be in the fourth position?

(a) Monika or Rupa     (b) Monika     (c) Kamini     (d) None of these

Answer & Solution

25.To answer the question “Who is the youngest person in the group”, which of the following statements is superfluous?

(a) only (i)     (b) only (v)     (c) only (ii)      (d) either (i) or (iv)

Answer & Solution