Ch-23 :- Statement And Assumptions :- Exercise 1
Directions for Q. No. 1 to 40 : In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give your answer as
(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit
1. Statement : It is desirable to put the child in the school at the age of 5 years or so.
Assumptions: I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.
2. Statement: Even with the increase in the number of sugar factories in India, we still continue to import sugar.
Assumptions: I. The consumption of sugar per capita has increased in India.
II. Many of the factories are not in a position to produce sugar to their fullest capacity.
3. Statement: ”You must learn to refer to a dictionary if you want to become a good writer”- A advises B.
Assumptions: I. Only writers refer to the dictionary.
II. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.
4. Statement : If it does not rain throughout this month, most farmers would be in trouble this year.
Assumptions: I. Timely rain is essential for farming.
II. Most of the farmers are generally dependent on rains.
5. Statement: A advises B – “If you want to study English, join institute ‘Y’.
Assumptions: I. ‘B’ listens to A’s advice.
II. Institute ‘Y’ provides good coaching for English.
6. Statement: The leader of the main opposition party asserted that the call for chakka jam turned out to be a great success in the entire State.
Assumptions: I. The people in future will support the main opposition party.
II. People probably are convinced about the reason behind the chakka jam strike call.
7. Statement: Government aided schools should have uniformity in charging various fees.
Assumptions: I. The Government’s subsidy comes from the money collected by way of taxes from people.
II. The Government, while giving subsidy, may have stipulated certain uniform conditions regarding fees.
8. Statement: Unemployed allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youths above 18 years of age.
Assumptions: I. There are unemployed youths in India who need monetary support.
II. The Government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all the unemployed youth.
9. Statement: Everybody loves reading adventure stories.
Assumptions: I. Adventure stories are the only reading material.
II. Nobody loves reading any other material.
10. Statement: Please consult before making any decision on exports from the company.
Assumptions: I. You may take a wrong decision if you don’t consult me.
II. It is important to take a right decision.
11. Statement: Postal rates have been increased to meet the deficit.
Assumptions: I. The present rates are very low.
II. If the rates are not increased, the deficit can’t be met.
12. Statement: If degrees are delinked with jobs, boys will think thrice before joining college.
Assumptions: I. Students join college education for getting jobs.
II. A degree is of no use for getting a job.
13. Statement: The next meeting of the Board of the Institute will be held after one year.
Assumptions: I. The Institute will remain in function after one year.
II. The Board will be dissolved after one year.
14. Statement: A sentence in the letter to the candidates called for written examination – “you have to bear your expenses on travel etc.”
Assumptions: I. If not clarified, all the candidates may claim reimbursement of expenses.
II. Many organisations reimburse expenses on travel to candidate called for written examination.
15. Statement: “The function will start at 3 pm.” You are requested to take your seats before 3 pm .
Assumptions: I. If an invitee is not in his seat before 3 pm, the function will not start.
II. Function will start as scheduled.
16. Statement: A warning in a train compartment – “To stop train pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs 500.”
Assumptions: I. Some people misuse the chain.
II. On certain occassions, people may want to stop a running train.
17. Statement: Lack of stimulation in the first four or five years of life can have adverse consequences.
Assumptions: I. A great part of the development of observed intelligence occurs during the earlier years of life.
II. 50% of the measurable intelligence at 17th is predictable by the age of four.
18. Statement: The income tax rules need to be amended so that there is more incentive for the people to declare their actual wealth.
Assumptions: I. The income tax rules are not proper.
II. Some people do not declare their actual wealth.
19. Statement: “Considering that his ministry contains many hawala-tainted ministers, the Prime Minister has a moral obligation to resign”. A politician. Assumptions: I. The politician is not close to the Prime Minister.
II. The politician would like to inculcate moral principles in politics.
20. Statement: “If we need to boost our exports, we can’t ignore our ports”. An economic analyst.
Assumptions: I. Our ports are in a good shape.
II. Our ports are not in good shape.
21. Statement: ”There is concern about the health of the arrested VIP’s but not about the harm they have done to the nation’s health”-A journalist.
Assumptions: I. The VIPs are not more important than the nation.
II. The practice of being concerned over the health of the VIPs should be stopped.
22. Statement: In case of any difficulty about this case, you may contact our company’s lawyer.
Assumptions: I. Each company has a lawyer of his own.
II. The company’s lawyer is thoroughly briefed about this case.
23. Statement: A good manager must draw the utmost from each worker.
Assumptions: I. It is possible to get the maximum from each worker.
II. Managers are expected to get the best from their workers.
24. Statement: I. I can take you quickly from Kanpur to Lucknow by my car but then you must pay me double the normal charges.
Assumptions: I. Normally, it will take more time to reach Lucknow from Kanpur. II. People want to reach quickly but they will not pay extra money for it.
25. Statement: A good executive has to be task- oriented as well as people-oriented.
Assumptions: I. Some executives are people-oriented.
II. Some executives are not people-oriented.
26. Statement: Read this book to get detailed and most comprehensive information on this issue.
Assumptions: I. The person who wants this information can read.
II. There are other books available on this issue.
27. Statement: Let us announce attractive incentives for better performance. Assumptions: I. Incentives schemes don’t work in long run.
II. The performance can be improved.
28. Statement: Why don’t you invite Anthony for the Chirstmas party this year? Assumptions: I. Anthony is not from the same city.
II. Unless invited, Anthony will not attend the party.
29. Statement: If you offer peanuts, you get only monkeys.
Assumptions: I. Money is not a good motivation.
II. Money can’t buy everything.
30. Statement: “Though the candidates have been instructed to bring pencils, yet provide some pencils with each invigilator”-An instruction to the administrative staff.
Assumptions: I. Pencils are in short supply.
II. All the candidates will bring the pencils.
31. Statement: “Please drop this letter in the letter box”-An officer tells his assistant.
Assumptions: I. The assistant knows the address where the letter is to be sent.
II. The assistant would follow the instructions.
32. Statement: “If you want timely completion of work, provide independent cabins”- An employee tells the director of a company.
Assumptions: I. There are enough cabins.
II. Others’ presence hinders timely completion of work.
33. Statement: “Best way to solve this problem of worker’s dissatisfaction is to offer them cash rewards. If this type of incentive can solve the problem in CIDCO company, then why not here”-A Personnel Manager tells the Chairman of a company.
Assumptions: I. The reason for workers’ dissatisfaction in both the companies was similar.
II. Monetary incentives have universal appeal.
34. Statement: “We need to appoint more teachers” – Principal informs the school staff.
Assumptions: I. Teachers are available.
II. Present teachers are not good.
35. Statement: Those who are appearing for this examination for the first time, should be helped in filling up the forms,”-An instruction to the invigilating staff.
Assumptions: I. The form is somewhat complicated.
II. Candidates can appear more than once for this examination.
36. Statement: Be humble even after gaining victory.
Assumptions: I. Many people are humble after gaining victory.
II. Generally people are not humble.
37. Statement: It is dangerous to lean out of a running train.
Assumptions: I. All those who lean out of a train run the risk of being hurt.
II. Generally people don’t like to get hurt.
38. Statement: “Buy pure and natural honey of company ‘X’-An advertisement in a newspaper.
Assumptions: I. Artificial honey can be prepared.
II. People don’t mind paying more for pure and natural honey.
39. Statement: “Buy pure and natural honey of company ‘X’–An advertisement in a newspaper.
Assumptions: I. No other company supplies pure and natural honey.
II. People read advertisement.
40. Statement: The target of a fiscal deficit of 5% of GDP could not be met because of major shortfall in revenue collection.
Assumptions: I. Shortfall in revenue collection leads to an increase in fiscal deficit.
II. Shortfall in revenue collection leads to a decrease in fiscal deficit.