Ch-23 :- Statement And Assumptions :- Exercise 2
=> Directions for Q. No. 1 to 23 : In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give your answer as
(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit
1. Statement: The impact of economic sanctions on economy, that is already so weak, could be devastating.
Assumptions: I. Economic sanctions impact only a weak economy.
II. The impact of economic sanctions varies from economy to economy.
2. Statement: We should use detergents to clean objects.
Assumptions: I. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.
II. Detergents form more leather.
3. Statement: Every year doctors, scientists and engineers migrate from India to greener pastures.
Assumptions: I. Brain-drain has affected India adversely.
II. Better scales and better standards of living act as a bait to lure them.
4. Statement: The Government is making efforts to boost tourism in Jammu and Kashmir.
Assumptions: I. Tourism in Jammu and Kashmir dropped during last couple of years.
II. Special discount in the railway fare. has been announced.
5. Statement: If you don’t get desired response to your fund-raising campaign through the routine advertisements, appeal to the public’s regional sentiments.
Assumptions: I. It is desirable to adopt alternative strategy in case the response to the first fund-raising strategy is lukewarm.
II. People contribute in terms of money if proper appeals are made
6. Statement: If you don’t get desired response to your fund-raising campaigns through the routine advertisements, appeal to the public’s regional sentiments.
Assumptions: I. People in general nurture regional sentiments.
II. Nobody bothers to read advertisements in the newspaper.
7. Statement: Government should deploy army to rehabilitate the people displaced due to earthquake.
Assumptions: I. Army can be used for purposes other than war also.
II. Only army can rehabilitate the displaced victims of earthquake.
8. Statement: The Government should deploy army to rehabilitate the people displaced due to earthquake.
Assumptions: I. Army should be entrusted with activities other than war to give them enough experience.
II. Rehabilitation of earthquake victims is obligatory for the Government.
9. Statement: It is not-always true that adoption of sophisticated technology increases production and efficiency.
Assumptions: I. Adoption sophisticated technology is not a difficult thing to achieve.
II. Production and efficiency can be increased by getting rid of sophisticated technology.
10. Statement: “Exercise is necessary to maintain good health”- The advertisement.
Assumptions: I. Exercise is a pre-requisite for good health.
II. Such advertisements have some effect on people.
11. Statement: The railway authorities have decided to increase the freight charges by 10% in view of the possibility of incurring losses in the current financial year.
Assumptions: I. The volume of freight during the remaining period may remain same.
II. The amount so obtained may set off a part or total of the estimated deficit.
12. Statement: The Government has decided to reduce the customs duty on computer peripherals.
Assumptions: I. The domestic market price of computer peripherals may go up in near future.
II The domestic manufacturers may oppose the decision.
13. Statement: subodh wrote to his brother at Bangalore to collect personally the Application form from the university for the post-graduation course in Mathematics.
Assumptions: I. The university may issue Application form to a person other than the prospective student.
II. Subodh’s brother may receive the letter well before the last date of collecting the Application form.
14. Statement: This book is for those who are interested to know more about “Indian History”.
Assumptions: I. People who are interested to know about the author may read the books.
II. Every book may attract some readers.
15. Statement: Helping the poor is the real service to the humanity.
Assumptions: I. Poor people are in need of help from others.
II. If we don’t help poor, we will not be called human beings.
16.Statement : The police in India have to cope with tremendous stress and strain, while maintaining security and order.
Assumptions : I. In other countries, the police don’t have to undergo stress and strain while doing their duties.
II. The police are expected to do their duties without stress and stain.
17. Statement : There is no shopping complex for this colony people have to go to the main market.
Assumption : I. This colony may be far from main market.
II. The people don’t want to go to the main market.
18. Statement : If children are to manage our world in future, then they need to be equipped to do so.
Assumption : I. The world has always educated children.
II. It is possible to educate children.
19. Statement : The cotton crop continues to be poor even after the introduction of improved variety of cotton seeds.
Assumption : I. The yield of cotton was expected to increase after introduction of
improved variety of seeds.
II. The yield of cotton was adequate before the introduction of new variety of seeds.
20. Statement : No budgetary provision for the purpose of appointing additional faculty would be made in the context of Institute’s changed financial priorities.
Assumptions : I. Appointment of faculty requires funds.
II. There are areas other appointment of faculty which require more financial attention.
21. Statement: The office building needs repairing just as urgently as it needs internal as well as external painting.
Assumption : I. Efficiency of people working in the office can’t be improved unless office building is repaired.
II. Repairing and painting of office building requires funds.
22. statement : Interview conducted for selecting people for jobs should measure personality characteristics of the candidates.
Assumptions: I. Performance on the job depends on personality characteristics. II. Personality characteristics can be measured in the interview.
23. Statement: I have written several letters to the Branch Manager regarding my account in the bank but did not receive any reply so for.
Assumptions: I. Branch Manager is expected to read letters received from the customer.
II. Branch Manager is expected to reply to the letters received from the customer.