Ch-23 :- Statement And Assumptions :- Exercise 3


Directions for Q. No. 1 to 4 : In each of these questions, a statement is given followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions given to decide which of the choices about the implications of the assumptions is true.
Give your answer as
(a) if only assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only assumption II is implicit.
(c) if both the assumptions I and II are implicit.
(d) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit.

1. Statement: Vocational training lays too much stress on specilisation so it should not be offered in India.
Assumptions: I. Specialisation is harmful.
II. Vocational training is being offered in India.

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2. Statement: Religious instruction means the habit of contemplating and making efforts at the realisation of the self. This leads to the spirit of tolerence and keen curiosity for knowledge. Our world needs these things. So all teaching should be done in a religious spirit.
Assumptions: I. Spirit of tolerence is a quality of man.
II. It is possible to teach all subjects in a religious spirit.

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3. Statement : Science is a sort of news agency comparable in principle to other news agencies. But this news agency gives us information which is realible to an extra ordinary high degree due to elaborate techniques of verification and its capacity to survive centuries. So, science should be read with as much interest as we read news.
Assumptions: I. Science encourages investigative spirit.
II. People read news out of interest.

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4. Statement: The education of a student at collegiate level, not taking into account maintenance expenses, costs four hundred rupees a year. Collegiate education is thus drawing heavily upon the national resources of an impoverised community. So, college education should be restricted to a brilliant few. Assumptions: I. Our resources are very limited.
II. Only a few students should be admitted to the college.

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Directions for Q. No. 5 to 9 : In each of the following questions a statement is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something that is supposed or taken for granted, You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of (he assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give answer
(a) if only assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either assumption I or II is implicit.
(d) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit.
(e) if both assumption I and II are implicit.

5. Statement: It is not true that the mightiest super power always wins wars and gets accolades from other countries.
Assumptions: I. Winners are sometimes admired and appreciated.
II. Winners are occasionally criticized.

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6. Statement: Nobody can predict as to how long our country would take to contain the unfortunate and disastrous terrorist activities.
Assumptions: I. It is impossible to put an end to terrorist activities.
II. Efforts to control the terrorist activities are on.

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7. Statement: Wars must be discouraged vehemently even though majority of the victims might have been a musance to peace loving people.
Assumptions: I. Some people create problems to peace-loving people.
II. Wars kill majority of wicked people.

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8. Statement: In the recently imposed was global public opinion was dishonoured by the economically strong and scientifically , advanced super power.
Assumptions: I. Super powers need not take any heed of global public opinion.                                II. A global public opinion should have been against the imposition of war.

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9. Statement: Wars must be discouraged vehemently even though majority of the victims might have been a nuisance to peace loving people.
Assumptions: I. Innocent people are also killed in wars.
II. Vehement oppositions to wars may have some desirable impact.

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=> Directions for Q. No. 10 to 14 : As given for Q. No 5 to 9.

10. Statement: The Government has decided to hold the employers responsible for deducting tax at source for all its employees.
Assumptions: I. The employee may still not arrange to deduct tax at source for its employees.
II. The employees may not allow the employers to deduct tax at source.

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11. Statement: The X-airlines has decided to increase the passenger fare by 15% with immediate effect.
Assumptions: I. The demand for seats of X-airlines may remain uncharged even after the hike of the fare.
II. Other airline companies may also hike the passenger fares.

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12 Statement: “Our bank provides all your banking requirements in one location” An advertisement of a bank.
Assumptions: I. Customers prefer to carry out all banking transactions at one place.
II. People may get attached by the advertisement and carry out their transactions with the bank.

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13. Statement: Bank ‘A’ has announced reduction of half percentage on the interest rate on retail lending with immediate effect.
Assumptions: I. Other banks may also reduce the retail lending rates to be in  competition.
II. The bank ‘A’ may be able to attract more customers for availing retail loans.

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14. Statement: The ‘M’ Cooperative Housing Society has put up a notice at its gate that sales persons are not allowed inside the society.
Assumptions: I. All the sales persons will still away from the ‘M’ Cooperative Housing Society.
II. The security guard posted at the gate may be able to stop the sales persons entering the society.

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=> Directions for Q. No. 15 to 19 : As given for Q. No 5 to 9.

In each of questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions given and then decide which of the assumption(s) is/are implicit in the statement.
Give your answer as:
(a) if only assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either I or II is implicit.
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit.
(e) if both I and II are implicit.

15. Statement: The Government has instructed all the premier institutes offering professional courses to reduce the fees by 50% and increase the number of students.
Assumptions: I. These institutes may be able to continue provide quality education with less fees and more students.
II. The institutes may continue changing more fees to provide quality education.

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16. Statement: The Government has decided to reduce excise duty on many consumer durables and computer hardwares.
Assumptions: I. The sale of these consumer durables and computer hardwares may substantially increase in the coming months.
II. The government may be able to maintain the expected level of receipts even after deductions.

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17. statement : the city corporation has decide to restrict entry of vehicles from the suburban areas to the main city of the major routes during peak hours to reduce the traffic congestion.
Assumption : I. People living in the suburban areas may refrain from taking their vehicles to the main city during peak hour.
II. The number of vehicles owned by people living in the main city may not create congestion on the major routes.

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18. Statement : “If you want hassle-free personal loans-give us a call, we will be your doorstep.” An advertisement issued by ‘X’ finance company.
Assumptions : I. No other financial company provides services at the doorstep of the customer.
II. People may prefer X’ finance company as they may get attracted by the advertisement.

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19. Statement: The Government levied 15% tax on air tickets in the domestic sector with immediate effect.
Assumptions: I. There may not be significant change in the number of air passengers in the domestic sector.
II. People may still prefer to travel by train as it is more safe.

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=> Directions for Q. No. 20 to 24 : In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and Ill. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumption(s) is/are implicit in the statement. (SBI PO 2005)

20. Statement: Large number of people affected by the flood in the area gathered at the relief camp for food, water and shelter organized by the State government.
Assumptions: I. The relief camp has enough supplies to provide food and water to the affected people in the area.
II. All those whose houses are submerged can be accommodated in the temporary shelters.
III. Many more affected people are yet to reach the relief camp.
(a) Only I is implicit
(b) Only I and II are implicit
(c) Only II is implicit
(d) Only II and III are implicit
(e) None of the above

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21. Statement: “If you desire to enjoy the best holidays to Europe, join our exclusive EURO package.” An advertisement of a travel agency in an Indian newspaper.
Assumptions: I. Many Indians travel to European countries to spend their holidays.
II. There are other travel agencies in India which organize holiday tours to Europe.
III. Many people may still travel to Europe through other travel agencies.
(a) All are implicit
(b) Only I and II are implicit
(c) Only I is implicit
(d) Only I and III are implicit
(e) None is implicit

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22. Statement: “If you are a first class graduate with atleast 65 percent marks, you are eligible to apply for the post of officer in our organisation.” An advertisement for recruitment of officers.
Assumptions: I. There may be adequate number of applicants who will fulfil the stipulated educational qualifications.
II. Those graduates who have secured less than 65 percent marks may not perform well in the job.
III. Those candidates who have secured 65 percent or more marks in graduation are likely to perform well on the job.
(a) All are implicit
(b) Only I and II are implicit
(c) Only II and III are implicit
(d) Only I and III are implicit
(e) None of the above

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23. Statement: The Government has decided to hike the prices of petrol and diesel by about Rs 3 per litre to partially reduce the gap between the domestic and international prices.
Assumptions: I. The oil companies may not be able to absorb the deficit in purchase and sale prices.
II. People may start countrywide agitation against the price hike.                              III. The oil companies may not agree with the government’s decision of marginal price-hike.
(a) Only I is implicit
(b) Only II is implicit
(c) Only III is implicit
(d) Only I and II are implicit
(e) None is implicit

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24. Statement: The Government has decided to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till midnight to reduce crowding of shoppers in these complexes during the weekends.
Assumptions: I. People may still prefer to shop during the weekends.
II. Many people may now do their shopping leisurely during the late evening hours.
III. The sales of these shopping complexes may increase generating revenue for the Government.
(a) None is implicit
(b) Only I is implicit
(c) Only II is implicit
(d) Only III is implicit
(e) None of these

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=> Directions for Q. No. 25  to 29 : In each of the questions below a statement is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and the assumptions given to decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.     (MAT Feb 2006)
Mark your answer as :
(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if either I and II implicit
(c) if only assumption II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit

25. Statement: Like a mad man, I decided to follow him.
Assumptions: I. I am not a mad man.
II. I am a mad man.

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26. Statement: If it is easy to become an engineer. I do not want to be an engineer.
Assumptions: I. An individual aspires to be a professional.
II. One desires to achieve a thing which is hard earned.

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27. Statement: All the employees are notified that the organisation will provide transport facilities at half the cost from the nearby railway station to the office except for those who have been provided with travelling allowance. Assumptions: I. Most of the employees will travel by the office transport.
II. Those who are provided with travelling allowance will not read such noice

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28. Statement: An advertisement of a Bank ‘Want to open a bank account! Just dial our ‘home service’ and we will come at your doorsteps.”
Assumptions: I. There is a section of people who require such service at their home.
II. Now-a-days banking has become very competitive.

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29. Statement: I can take you quickly from Kanpur to Lucknow by my cab but, then you must pay me double the normal charges.
Assumptions: I. Normally, it will take more time to reach Lucknow from Kanpur.                           II. People want to reach quickly but they will not pay extra money for it.

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=> Directions for Q. No. 30 to 34 : Each of the questions given below has a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and Ill. Consider the statement and the assumptions 10 decide which of the assumption(s) is/are implicit in the statement.

30. Statement: The residents of the locality wrote a letter to the Corporation requesting to restore Normally in the supply of drinking water immediately as the supply at present is just not adequate.
Assumptions: I. The Corporation may not take any action on the letter.
II. The Municipality has enough water to meet the demand.
III. The water supply to the area was adequate in the past.
(a) Only I and II are implicit
(b) Only II and III are implicit
(c) Only II is implicit
(d) Only III is implicit

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31. Statement: We must be prepared to face any eventuality and all the assignments must be completed as per their schedule : Director tells the faculty members.
Assumptions: I. There is possibility of a serious eventuality.
II. Dates are fixed for all the assignments.
III. Faculty members are supposed to complete all the assignments.(a) Only I is implicit
(b) Only III is implicit
(c) None is implicit
(d) All are implicit

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32. Statement: The telephone company informed the subscribers through a notification that those who do not pay their bills by due date will be charged penalty for every defaulting day.
Assumptions: I. Majority of the people may pay their bills by the due date to avoid penalty.
II. The money collected as penalty may set off the losses due to delayed payment.
III. People generally pay heed to such notices.
(a) All are.implicit
(b) Only I.and II are implicit
(c) Only II and III are implicit
(d) None of the above

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33. Statement: In view of the recent spurt in sugar prices in the open market, the government has asked the dealers to release a vast quantity of imported sugar in the open market.
Assumptions: I. The dealers will follow the Government’s directive.
II. The sugar prices will come down.
III. The price of indigenous sugar will remain unchanged.
(a) Only I and II are implicit
(b) Only I and III are implicit
(c) Only II and III are implicit
(d) None is implicit

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34. Statement: In the recently held All Indian Commerce Conference, the session on ‘Management of service sector in India’ surprisingly attracted large number of participants and also received a very good media coverage in the leading newspapers.
Assumptions: I. People were not expecting such on encouraging response to service sector.
II. service sector is not managed properly in India.
III. Media is always very positive towards service sector.
(a) Only Iis implicit
(b) Only I and III are implicit
(c) Only II and III are implicit
(d) All are implicit

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