Ch-25:- Statement And Course Of Action : Introduction & Formula

=> Directions : In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the two given courses of action logically follow.
Give your answer as :

(a) if only I follows.

(b) if only II follows.

(c) if either I or II follows.

(d) if neither I nor II follows.

(e) if both I and II follow.

Ex.1: Statement: A recent study shows that children below five die in the cities of the developing countries mainly from diarrhea and parasitic intestinal worms.

Courses of Action:

I. Government of the developing countries should take adequate measures to improve the hygienic conditions in the cities.

II. Children below five years in the cities of the developing countries need to be kept under constant medication.

Sol.: If Government concentrate to improve the hygienic condition in the cities, it may definitely reduce the impact of problem and this course of action appears to be feasible also. Hence, this course of action follows. A constant medication is another practical feasible step, which would help minimize the cases of death due to diarrhea and intestinal worms. Therefore, course of action II also follows. Hence, the correct answer is (e).

Ex.2: Statement: The officer-in-charge of a company had a hunch that some money was missing from the safe.

Courses of Action:

I. He should get it recounted with the help of the staff and check it with the balance sheet.

II. He should inform the police.

Sol.: Here a hunch about the money being lost does not provide any ground for the incident having actually taken place, and hence action to inform the police will not lessen the problem but is more likely to aggravate the situation.  A prudent step is to recount the money and tally with the books of account. Hence, course of action I is appropriate. Therefore, (a) is the correct answer.

Ex.3: Statement :.Many cases of cholera were reported from a nearby village.

Courses of Action: 
I. The question should be raised in the Legislative Assembly.
II. A team of doctors should be rushed to the village.

Sol.: Discussion of the problem in the Legislative Assembly is feasible but does not provide any immediate relief to the victims. Hence, I is not the right course of action to be chosen for the problem. However, immediate medical aid will definitely mitigate the problem to a large extent. Hence, course of action II is the remedial step. Therefore, (b) is the correct answer.

Ex.4: Statement : Researchers are feeling agitated as libraries are not well equipped to provide the righr information to the right users at’the right time in the required format. Even the users are not aware about the various services available for them.

Courses of Action:

I. All the information available in the libraries should be computerized to provide faster services to the users.

II. Library staff should be trained in Computer operations.

Sol.: Computerization may definitely help the users to take best available information available in the library and training to the staff in Computer can further add to betterment of services to the users. Hence, both are feasible and-therefore, right courses of action. Hence, (e) is the correct answer.

Ex.5: Statement: Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters.

Courses of Action:

1. Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so.

II. Any display of such material should be banned.

Sol.: Punishment to the children is not a judicious step in the direction of dealing such problem. However, putting a complete ban can help to solve the problem by way of preventing children to get such exposure. Hence, (b) is the correct answer.

Ex.6: Statement : The Indian electronic component industry venturing into the West European markets faces tough competition from the Japanese.

Courses of Action:

I. India should search for other international markets for its products.

II. India should improve the quality of the electronic components to compete with the Japanese in capturing these markets.

Sol.: Escaping from the competition is not the right course of action. Step towards improving the quality of the electronic components is the right course of action. Hence, (b) is the correct answer.