Ch. 21 :- Syllogism : Exercise 4


1. Statements
1. All bars are coins.
2. Some bars are books.
Conclusions
I. Some books are bars.
II. Some books are coins.
III. Some books are not bars.
IV. Some books are not coins.
(a) Only I follows
(b) I and II follow
(c) Either I or III follows
(d) Either II or IV follows
(e) I and either II or IV follow

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2. Statements :
1. Some stars are birds.
2. No birds are elephants.
Conclusions :
I. Some stars are not elephants.
II. All stars are elephants.
III. Some elephants are not stars.
IV. All elephants are stars.
(a) Either I or II and either III or IV follow
(b) Only I follows
(c) Either III or IV follows
(d) I and III follow
(e) I and either III or IV follow

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3. Statements :
1. No book is a hook.
2. All hooks are birds.
Conclusions :
I. Some birds are not books.
II. Some birds are books.
III. Some books are not birds.
IV. Some books are birds.
(a) Either I or II and either III or IV follow
(b) Either I or II.and III follow
(c) Either III or IV and I follow
(d) I and III follow
(e) Only III follows

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4. Statements :
1. Some copies are desks.
2. No desks are pens.
Conclusions :
I. Some copies are pens.
II. Some copies are not pens.
III. Some pens are desks.
IV. Some pens are not desks.
(a) Only II follows
(b) II and III follow
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) II and IV follow
(e) Either III or IV follows

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5. Statements :
1. All books are pens.
2. Some pens are pencils.
Conclusions :
I. Some pens are books.
II. No pens are books.
III. Some books are pencils.
IV. No books are pencils.
(a) I and III follow
(b) Only I follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Either III or IV and I follow
(e) Either I or II and III follow

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6. Statements
1. No systems are decks.
2. All decks are books.
Conclusions
I. Some systems are books.
II. Some systems are not books.
III. Some books are systems.
IV. Some books are not systems.
(a) Only II follows
(b) Only IV follows
(c) II and IV follow
(d) I and either III or IV follow
(e) Either I or II and IV follow

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7. Statements :
1. Some drums are baskets.
2. All baskets are gaskets.
Conclusions :
I. All gaskets are drums.
II. Some gaskets are drums.
III. Some gaskets are baskets.
IV. Some gaskets are not baskets.
(a) Either II or IV follows
(b) Either II or I follows
(c) I and II follow
(d) Only II follows
(e) II and III follow

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8. Statements :
1. No paper is a graper.
2. All grapers are takers.
Conclusions :
I. Some papers are not takers.
II. Some papers are takers.
III. Some takers are not papers.
IV. All takers are papers.
(a) Either I or II follows
(b) Only I follows
(c) Either III or IV follows
(d) Only III follows
(e) Either I or II and III follow

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9. Statements :
1. Some tables are chairs.
2. All tables are lawns.
Conclusions :
I. Some chairs are lawns.
II. Some chairs are not lawns.
III. Some tables are lawns.
IV. Some tables are not lawns.
(a) Either I or II follows
(b) Either I or II and III follow
(c) Only II and III follow
(d) II and either III or IV follow
(e) None of the above

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10. Statements :
1. Some drops are cops.
2. All cops are docks.
3. No dock is a flop.
Conclusions :
I. Some drops are not flops.
II. Some docks are drops.
III. No cop is a flop.
IV. Some flops are not cops.
(a) I, II and III follow
(b) II, III and IV follow
(c) 1,II and IV follow
(d) I, III and IV follow
(e) All follow

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11. Statements
1. Some big are small.
2. No small is large.
3. Some large are tiny.
Conclusions :
I. Some large are not big.
II. No big is large.
III. Some small are not tiny.
IV. Some bigs are not tiny.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) Only IV follows
(e) None follows

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12. Statements :
1. Some diggers are jokers.
2. All jokers are cute.
Conclusions :
I. Some diggers are cute.
II. No diggers are cute.
III. Some diggers are not cute.
IV. All diggers are cute.
(a) I and III follow
(b) Either II or IV follows
(c) I and either III or IV follow
(d) Either I or III follows
(e) None of the above

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13. Statements :
1. Some barbers are painters.
2. No painters are watches.
Conclusions :
I. Some barbers are not watches.
II. Some barbers are watches.
III. Some watches are not barbers.
IV. Some watches are barbers.
(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Only I follows
(c) Either I or II and III follow
(d) Either III or IV and I follow
(e) Either I or II and either III or IV follow

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14. Statements :
1. Some blankets are pillows.
2. All pillows are books.
Conclusions :
I. Some books are blankets.
II. Some books are pillows.
III. No book is a pillow.
IV. Some blankets are not books.
(a) Only I and IV follow
(b) Only I and II follow
(c) I and either II or III follow
(d) Either I or IV and II follow
(e) Either I or IV or II or III follows

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15. Statements :
1. No girl is an Indian.
2. No American is an Indian.
Conclusions :
I. Some girls are Americans.
II. Some girls are not Americans.
III. All girls are Americans.
IV. No girls are Americans.
(a) Only II follows
(b) Only IV follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Either III or IV follows
(e) None of these

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16. Statements :
1. No student is decent.
2. Some decent are bags.
3. All bags are roses.
Conclusions :
I. Some bags are not students.
II. All bags are students.
III. Some decents are roses.
IV. All roses are decent.
(a) Only.I follows
(b) Either I or II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) Either I or II, and III follow
(e) I and III follow

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17. Statements
1. Some birds are stones.
2. Some tigers are birds.
3. All stones are grapes.
Conclusions :
I. Some stones are birds.
II. Some stones are not birds.
III. Some grapes are birds.
IV. Some tigers are stones.
(a) I, II and III follow
(b) I, III and IV follow
(c) Either I or II and III follow
(d) I and III follow
(e) None of the above

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18. Statements :
1. Many bucks are ducks.
2. All trucks are ducks.
Conclusions :
I. Some ducks are not bucks.
II. Some bucks are trucks.
III. Some ducks are trucks.
IV. All ducks are trucks.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only III follows
(d) Only IV follows
(e) Only III and IV follow

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19. Statements :
1. All students are patriots.
2. All Indians are patriots.
Conclusions :
1. Some students are Indians.
II. Some Indians are students.
III. All Indians are students.
IV. All students are Indians.
(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Only II and IV follow
(c) Only I and II follow
(d) I and II and either III or IV follow
(e) None follows

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20. Statements :
1. No Indian is an Asia
2. Some Americans are Indians.
Conclusions :
I. Some Indians are not-Asians.
II. Some Asians are not Americans.
III. Some Americans are not Asians.
IV. All Americans are Asians.
(a) Either III or IV follow
(b) Either I or II follows
(c) I and III follow
(d) Either II or III follows
(e) None of these

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21. Statements :
1. Some carts are darts.
2. No smarts are carts.
Conclusions :
I. Some darts are not smarts.
II. All darts are smarts.
III. Some smarts are not darts.
IV. All smarts are darts.
(a) I and III follow
(b) Only I follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) I and either III or IV follow
(e) III and either I or II follow

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22. Statements :
1. Some boys are girls.
2. All girls are cute.
Conclusions :
I. Some boys are cute.
II. No boys. are cute.
III. Some cute are girls.
IV. No cute.are girls.
(a) Only I follows Only III follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Either III or IV follows
(e) I and III follow

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23. Statements :
1. All blondes are beautiful.
2. All brunnettes are beautiful.
3. All brunnettes are cute.
Conclusions :
I. Some cute are beautiful.
II. Some blondes are cute.
III. Some blondes are brunnettes.
IV. Some brunnettes are not cute.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) either II or III follows
(e) I, II and ,III follow

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24. Statements :
1. Some boxes are chocolates
2. Some tables are desks.
3. No box is a desk.
Conclusions :
I. Some chocolates are desks.
II. Some chocolates are not desks.
III. Some tables are boxes.
IV. Some tables are not boxes.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Either I or I, and either
(c) II and N follow
(d) Any three of the above follow
(e) None of the above

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25. Statements :
1. Only red are blues.
2. All reds are yellows.
Conclusions :
I. Some blues are yellows.
II. No blues are yellows.
III. Some yellows are reds.
IV. Some yellows are not reds.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only III follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Either III or IV follows
(e) I and III follows

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26. Statements :
1. Some songs are throngs.
2. Some throngs are longs.
Conclusions :
I. Some songs are longs.
II. No songs are longs.
III. Only longs are songs.
IV. Only songs are longs.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only III follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Either III or IV follows
(e) Either I or II and either III or IV follow

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27. Statements :
1. No killer is a sweater.
2. No jacket is a sweater.
3. Some jackets are roses.
Conclusions :
I. Some roses are sweaters.
II. Some roses are not sweaters.
III. No killer is a jacket.
IV. Some jackets are killers.
(a) Either I or II and III follow
(b) Either III or IV and II follow
(c) Either II or III follows
(d) Either I or II and either III or IV follow
(e) None of the above

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28. Statements :
1. Some books are helmets.
2. Only copies are helmets.
Conclusions :
I. Some books are copies.
II. All helmets are copies.
III. All copies are helmets.
IV. Some copies are not helmets.
(a) I and II follow
(b) II and III follow
(c) I and III follow
(d) I, II and either III or IV follow
(e) None of the above

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29. Statements :
1. Some States are capitals.
2. No pens are capitals.
Conclusions :
I. Some States are not pens.
II. All States are pens.
III. Some pens are not States.
IV. All pens are States.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only III follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Either III or IV and I follow
(e) Only I and III follow

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30. Statements :
1. Some desks are tables.
2. All tables are ice-creams.
3. Some ice-creams are straps.
Conclusions:
I. Some tables are ice-creams.
II. Some desks are ice-creams.
III. Some desk are straps.
IV. Some desk are not straps.
(a) I, II and III follow
(b) I, II and IV follow
(c) Only II and III follow
(d) II and either III or IV follow
(e) I, II and either III or IV follow

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31. Statements :
1. Some barbers are painters.
2. No painters are watches.
Conclusions :
I. Some barbers are not watches.
II. Some barbers are watches.
III. Some watches are not barbers.
IV. Some watches are barbers.
(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Only I follows
(c) Either I or II and III follow
(d) Either III or IV and I follow
(e) Either I or II and either III or IV follow

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32. Statements :
1. No systems are decks.
2. All decks are books.
Conclusions :
I. Some systems are books.
II. Some systems are not books.
III. Some books are systems.
IV. Some books are not systems.
(a) Only II follows
(b) Only IV follows
(c) II and IV follow
(d) Only I and either III or IV follow
(e) Either l I or II and IV follow

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33. Statements :
1. No book is a hook.
2. All hooks are birds.
Conclusions :
I. Some birds are not books.
II. Some birds are books.
III. Some books are not birds.
IV. Some books are birds.
(a) Either I or II and either III or IV follow
(b) Either I or II and III follow
(c) Either III or IV and I follow
(d) Only I and III follow
(e) Only III follows

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34. Statements :
1. Some bricks are not sockets.
2. No socket is a pouch.
Conclusions :
I. No brick is a pouch.
II. Some bricks are not pouches.
III. Some sockets are bricks.
IV. No socket is a brick.
(a) Only either III or IV follows
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) All follow
(e) None follows

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35. Statements :
1. No pen is a pencil.
2. All pencils are streets.
Conclusions:
I. No pen is a street.
II. No street is a pen.
III. Some streets are not pens.
IV. Some pens are not streets.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) I, II and IV follow
(e) I, II and III follow

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36. Statements :
1. No Indian is an Asian.
2. Some Americans are Indians.
Conclusions :
I. Some Indians are not Asians.
II. Some Asians are not Americans.
III. Some Americans are not Asians.
IV. All Americans are Asians.
(a) Either III or IV follows
(b) Either I or II follows
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) Either II or III follows
(e) None of these

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37. Statements :
1. Some girls are brunettes.
2. No brunette is wicked.
Conclusions :
I. Some brunettes are girls.
II. Some wicked are girls.
III. Some girls are not wicked.
IV. All wicked are girls.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Either II or III follows
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) Only I and II follow
(e) None of these

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